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A

MAZE

IN

ZAZAZA ENTERS AZAZAZ

AZAZAZAZAZAZAZZAZAZAZAZAZAZA

ZAZAZAZAZAZAZAZAZAAZAZAZAZAZAZAZAZAZ

THE

MAGICALALPHABET

ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZZYXWVUTSRQPONMLKJIHGFEDCBA

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yinyang

 

 

26
A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
I
J
K
L
M
N
O
P
Q
R
S
T
U
V
W
X
Y
Z
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
8
9
-
-
-
-
5
6
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
6
-
8
+
=
43
4+3
=
7
-
7
-
7
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
8
9
-
-
-
-
14
15
-
-
-
19
-
-
-
-
24
-
26
+
=
115
1+1+5
=
7
-
7
-
7
26
A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
I
J
K
L
M
N
O
P
Q
R
S
T
U
V
W
X
Y
Z
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
-
-
1
2
3
4
-
-
7
8
9
-
2
3
4
5
-
7
-
+
=
83
8+3
=
11
1+1
2
-
2
-
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
-
-
10
11
12
13
-
-
16
17
18
-
20
21
22
23
-
25
-
+
=
236
2+3+6
=
11
1+1
2
-
2
26
A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
I
J
K
L
M
N
O
P
Q
R
S
T
U
V
W
X
Y
Z
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
+
=
351
3+5+1
=
9
-
9
-
9
-
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
+
=
126
1+2+6
=
9
-
9
-
9
26
A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
I
J
K
L
M
N
O
P
Q
R
S
T
U
V
W
X
Y
Z
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
+
=
1
occurs
x
3
=
3
-
3
-
-
2
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
2
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
2
-
-
-
-
-
-
+
=
2
occurs
x
3
=
6
-
6
-
-
-
3
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
3
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
3
-
-
-
-
-
+
=
3
occurs
x
3
=
9
-
9
-
-
-
-
4
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
4
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
4
-
-
-
-
+
=
4
occurs
x
3
=
12
1+2
3
-
-
-
-
-
5
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
5
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
5
-
-
-
+
=
5
occurs
x
3
=
15
1+5
6
-
-
-
-
-
-
6
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
6
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
6
-
-
+
=
6
occurs
x
3
=
18
1+8
9
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
7
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
7
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
7
-
+
=
7
occurs
x
3
=
21
2+1
3
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
8
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
8
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
8
+
=
8
occurs
x
3
=
24
2+4
6
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
9
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
9
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
+
=
9
occurs
x
2
=
18
1+8
9
26
A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
I
J
K
L
M
N
O
P
Q
R
S
T
U
V
W
X
Y
Z
-
-
45
-
-
26
-
126
-
54
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
9
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
9
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
4+5
-
-
2+6
-
1+2+6
-
5+4
26
A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
I
J
K
L
M
N
O
P
Q
R
S
T
U
V
W
X
Y
Z
-
-
9
-
-
8
-
9
-
9
-
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
26
A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
I
J
K
L
M
N
O
P
Q
R
S
T
U
V
W
X
Y
Z
-
-
9
-
-
8
-
9
-
9

 

 

18
THE ENGLISH ALPHABET
-
-
-
1
THE
33
15
6
-
ENGLISH
74
38
2
1
ALPHABET
65
29
2
18
THE ENGLISH ALPHABET
172
82
10
1+8
-
1+7+2
8+2
1+0
9
THE ENGLISH ALPHABET
10
10
10
-
-
1+0
1+0
1+0
9
THE ENGLISH ALPHABET
1
1
1

 

 

BEYOND THE VEIL ANOTHER VEIL ANOTHER VEIL BEYOND

 

 

A

HISTORY OF GOD

Karen Armstrong 1993

The God of the Mystics

Page 250

"Perhaps the most famous of the early Jewish mystical texts is the fifth century Sefer Yezirah (The Book of Creation). There is no attempt to describe the creative process realistically; the account is unashamedly symbolic and shows God creating the world by means of language as though he were writing a book. But language has been entirely transformed and the message of creation is no longer clear. Each letter of the Hebrew alphabet is given a numerical value; by combining the letters with the sacred numbers, rearranging them in endless configurations, the mystic weaned his mind away from the normal connotations of words."

 

Page 250

THERE IS NO ATTEMPT MADE TO DESCRIBE THE CREATIVE PROCESS REALISTICALLY THE ACCOUNT

IS UNASHAMEDLY SYMBOLIC AND SHOWS GOD CREATING THE WORLD BY MEANS OF LANGUAGE AS

THOUGH HE WERE WRITING A BOOK. BUT LANGUAGE HAS BEEN ENTIRELY TRANSFORMED AND THE

MESSAGE OF CREATION IS NO LONGER CLEAR EACH LETTER OF THE HEBREW ALPHABET IS GIVEN

A NUMERICAL VALUE BY COMBINING THE LETTERS WITH THE SACRED NUMBERS REARRANGING

THEM IN ENDLESS CONFIGURATIONS THE MYSTIC WEANED THE MIND AWAY FROM THE NORMAL

CONNOTATIONS OF WORDS

 

 

THE LIGHT IS RISING NOW RISING IS THE LIGHT

 

....

 

A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
I
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
 =
 =
 =
 =
 =
 =
 =
 =
=
 =
 =
 =
 =
 =
 =
 =
 =
=
J
K
L
M
N
O
P
Q
R
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
1+0
1+1
1+2
1+3
1+4
1+5
1+6
1+7
1+8
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
 =
 =
 =
 =
 =
 =
 =
 =
=
 =
 =
 =
 =
 =
 =
 =
 =
=
S
T
U
V
W
X
Y
Z
I
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
9
1+9
2+0
2+1
2+2
2+3
2+4
2+5
2+6
ME
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
 =
 =
 =
 =
 =
 =
 =
 =
=
 =
 =
 =
 =
 =
 =
 =
 =
=
I
ME
I
ME
I
ME
I
ME
I
9
18
9
18
9
18
9
18
9
=
1+8
=
1+8
=
1+8
=
1+8
=
=
9
=
9
=
9
=
9
=
I
ME
I
ME
I
ME
I
ME
1
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
I
ME
I
ME
I
ME
I
ME
1

 

 

 

A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
I
J
K
L
M
N
O
P
Q
R
S
T
U
V
W
X
Y
Z
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1+0
1+1
1+2
1+3
1+4
1+5
1+6
1+7
1+8
1+9
2+0
2+1
2+2
2+3
2+4
2+5
2+6
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
I
J
K
L
M
N
O
P
Q
R
S
T
U
V
W
X
Y
Z
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
I
J
K
L
M
N
O
P
Q
R
S
T
U
V
W
X
Y
Z
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
I
J
K
L
M
N
O
P
Q
R
S
T
U
V
W
X
Y
Z

 

 

 

LIGHT AND LIFE

Lars Olof Bjorn 1976

Page 197

"By writing the 26 letters of the alphabet in a certain order one may put down almost any message (this book 'is written with the same letters' as the Encyclopaedia Britannica and Winnie the Pooh, only the order of the letters differs). In the same way Nature is able to convey with her language how a cell and a whole organism is to be constructed and how it is to function. Nature has succeeded better than we humans; for the genetic code there is only one universal language which is the same in a man, a bean plant and a bacterium."

"BY WRITING THE 26 LETTERS OF THE ALPHABET IN A CERTAIN ORDER

ONE MAY PUT DOWN ALMOST ANY MESSAGE"

 

 

"FOR THE GENETIC CODE THERE IS ONLY ONE UNIVERSAL LANGUAGE"

 

DNA AND DNA DNA AND DNA DNA AND DNA

DNA AND DNA DNA AND DNA DNA AND DNA

 

 

 

A QUEST FOR THE BEGINNING AND THE END

Graham Hancock 1995

Chapter 32

Speaking to the Unborn

Page 285

"It is understandable that a huge range of myths from all over the ancient world should describe geological catastrophes in graphic detail. Mankind survived the horror of the last Ice Age, and the most plausible source for our enduring traditions of flooding and freezing, massive volcanism and devastating earthquakes is in the tumultuous upheavals unleashed during the great meltdown of 15,000 to 8000 BC. The final retreat of the ice sheets, and the consequent 300-400 foot rise in global sea levels, took place only a few thousand years before the beginning of the historical period. It is therefore not surprising that all our early civilizations should have retained vivid memories of the vast cataclysms that had terrified their forefathers.
Much harder to explain is the peculiar but distinctive way the myths of cataclysm seem to bear the intelligent imprint of a guiding hand.l Indeed the degree of convergence between such ancient stories is frequently remarkable enough to raise the suspicion that they must all have been 'written' by the same 'author'.
Could that author have had anything to do with the wondrous deity, or superhuman, spoken of in so many of the myths we have reviewed, who appears immediately after the world has been shattered by a horrifying geological catastrophe and brings comfort and the gifts of civilization to the shocked and demoralized survivors?
White and bearded, Osiris is the Egyptian manifestation of this / Page 286 / universal figure, and it may not be an accident that one of the first acts he is remembered for in myth is the abolition of cannibalism among the primitive inhabitants of the Nile Valley.2 Viracocha, in South America, was said to have begun his civilizing mission immediately after a great flood; Quetzalcoatl, the discoverer of maize, brought the benefits of crops, mathematics, astronomy and a refined culture to Mexico after the Fourth Sun had been overwhelmed by a destroying deluge.
Could these strange myths contain a record of encounters between scattered palaeolithic tribes which survived the last Ice Age and an as yet unidentified high civilization which passed through the same epoch?
And could the myths be attempts to communicate?

A message in the bottle of time

'Of all the other stupendous inventions,' Galileo once remarked,

what sublimity of mind must have been his who conceived how to communicate his most secret thoughts to any other person, though very distant either in time or place, speaking with those who are in the Indies, speaking to those who are not yet born, nor shall be this thousand or ten thousand years? And with no greater difficulty than the various arrangements of two dozen little signs on paper? Let this be the seal of all the admirable inventions of men.3

If the 'precessional message' identified by scholars like Santillana, von Dechend and Jane Sellers is indeed a deliberate attempt at communication by some lost civilization of antiquity, how come it wasn't just written down and left for us to find? Wouldn't that have been easier than encoding it in myths? Perhaps.
Nevertheless, suppose that whatever the message was written on got destroyed or worn away after many thousands of years? Or suppose that the language in which it was inscribed was later forgotten utterly (like the enigmatic Indus Valley script, which has been studied closely for more than half a century but has so far resisted all attempts at decoding)? It must be obvious that in such circumstances a written / Page 287 / legacy to the future would be of no value at all, because nobody would be able to make sense of it.
What one would look for, therefore, would be a universal language, the kind of language that would be comprehensible to any technologically advanced society in any epoch, even a thousand or ten thousand years into the future. Such languages are few and far between, but mathematics is one of them - and the city of Teotihuacan may be the calling-card of a lost civilization written in the eternal language of mathematics.
Geodetic data, related to the exact positioning of fixed geographical points and to the shape and size of the earth, would also remain valid and recognizable for tens of thousands of years, and might be most conveniently expressed by means of cartography (or in the construction of giant geodetic monuments like the Great Pyramid of Egypt, as we shall see).
Another 'constant' in our solar system is the language of time: the great but regular intervals of time calibrated by the inch-worm creep of precessional motion. Now, or ten thousand years in the future, a message that prints out numbers like 72 or 2160 or 4320or 25,920 should be instantly intelligible to any civilization that has evolved a modest talent for mathematics and the ability to detect and measure the almost imperceptible reverse wobble that the sun appears to make along the ecliptic against the background of the fixed stars..."

"What one would look for, therefore, would be a universal language, the kind of language that would be comprehensible to any technologically advanced society in any epoch, even a thousand or ten thousand years into the future. Such languages are few and far between, but mathematics is one of them"

"WRITTEN IN THE ETERNAL LANGUAGE OF MATHEMATICS"

 

 

A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
I
J
K
L
M
N
O
P
Q
R
S
T
U
V
W
X
Y
Z
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1+0
1+1
1+2
1+3
1+4
1+5
1+6
1+7
1+8
1+9
2+0
2+1
2+2
2+3
2+4
2+5
2+6
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
I
J
K
L
M
N
O
P
Q
R
S
T
U
V
W
X
Y
Z
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
I
J
K
L
M
N
O
P
Q
R
S
T
U
V
W
X
Y
Z
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
I
J
K
L
M
N
O
P
Q
R
S
T
U
V
W
X
Y
Z

 

 

THERE IS NO ATTEMPT MADE TO DESCRIBE THE CREATIVE PROCESS REALISTICALLY

THE ACCOUNT IS SYMBOLIC AND SHOWS GOD CREATING THE WORLD BY MEANS OF LANGUAGE

AS THOUGH WRITING A BOOK BUT LANGUAGE ENTIRELY TRANSFORMED

THE MESSAGE OF CREATION IS CLEAR EACH LETTER OF

THE

ALPHABET

IS

GIVEN

A

NUMERICAL

VALUE BY COMBINING THE LETTERS WITH THE SACRED NUMBERS

REARRANGING THEM IN ENDLESS CONFIGURATIONS

THE MYSTIC WEANED THE MIND AWAY FROM THE NORMAL CONNOTATIONS OF WORDS

 

....

 

THE LIGHT IS RISING NOW RISING IS THE LIGHT

 

 

 

 

-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
A
=
1
-
5
ADDED
18
18
9
-
-
-
-
-
-
6
-
-
9
T
=
2
-
2
TO
35
8
8
-
-
-
-
-
-
6
-
8
-
A
=
1
-
3
ALL
25
7
7
-
-
-
-
-
-
6
7
-
-
M
=
4
-
5
MINUS
76
22
4
-
-
-
-
4
-
6
-
-
-
N
=
5
-
4
NONE
48
21
3
-
-
-
3
-
-
6
-
-
-
S
=
1
-
6
SHARED
55
28
1
-
1
-
-
-
-
6
-
-
-
B
=
2
-
2
BY
27
9
9
-
-
-
-
-
-
6
-
-
9
E
=
5
-
10
EVERYTHING
133
61
7
-
-
-
-
-
-
6
7
-
-
M
=
4
-
10
MULTIPLIED
121
49
4
-
-
-
-
4
-
6
-
-
-
I
=
9
-
2
IN
23
14
5
-
-
-
-
-
5
6
-
-
-
A
=
1
-
9
ABUNDANCE
65
29
2
-
-
2
-
-
-
6
-
-
-
-
-
35
-
58
First Total
995
266
59
-
1
2
3
8
5
6
14
8
18
-
-
3+5
-
5+8
Add to Reduce
9+9+5
2+6+6
5+9
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1+4
-
1+8
-
-
8
-
13
Second Total
23
14
14
-
1
2
3
8
5
6
5
8
9
-
-
-
-
1+3
Reduce to Deduce
2+3
1+4
1+4
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
8
-
4
Essence of Number
5
5
5
-
1
2
3
8
5
6
5
8
9

 

 

BEYOND THE VEIL ANOTHER VEIL ANOTHER VEIL BEYOND

 

-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
S
=
1
-
6
SHARED
55
28
1
-
1
-
-
-
-
6
-
-
-
A
=
1
-
9
ABUNDANCE
65
29
2
-
-
2
-
-
-
6
-
-
-
N
=
5
-
4
NONE
48
21
3
-
-
-
3
-
-
6
-
-
-
M
=
4
-
5
MINUS
76
22
4
-
-
-
-
4
-
6
-
-
-
M
=
4
-
10
MULTIPLIED
121
49
4
-
-
-
-
4
-
6
-
-
-
I
=
9
-
2
IN
23
14
5
-
-
-
-
-
5
6
-
-
-
A
=
1
-
3
ALL
25
7
7
-
-
-
-
-
-
6
7
-
-
E
=
5
-
10
EVERYTHING
133
61
7
-
-
-
-
-
-
6
7
-
-
T
=
2
-
2
TO
35
8
8
-
-
-
-
-
-
6
-
8
-
A
=
1
-
5
ADDED
18
18
9
-
-
-
-
-
-
6
-
-
9
B
=
2
-
2
BY
27
9
9
-
-
-
-
-
-
6
-
-
9
-
-
35
-
58
First Total
995
266
59
-
1
2
3
8
5
6
14
8
18
-
-
3+5
-
5+8
Add to Reduce
9+9+5
2+6+6
5+9
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1+4
-
1+8
-
-
8
-
13
Second Total
23
14
14
-
1
2
3
8
5
6
5
8
9
-
-
-
-
1+3
Reduce to Deduce
2+3
1+4
1+4
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
8
-
4
Essence of Number
5
5
5
-
1
2
3
8
5
6
5
8
9

 

 

-
ALL IS NUMBER
-
-
-
3
ALL
25
7
7
2
IS
28
10
1
6
NUMBER
73
28
1
11
ALL IS NUMBER
126
45
9
1+1
-
1+2+6
4+5
-
2
ALL IS NUMBER
9
9
9

 

 

SECRET CHAMBERS

Robert Bauval

1

999

Page 46

"The point that is being made here is that there existed a sacred science in Egypt that could only be imparted to gifted individuals with a strong predisposition for intuitive learning - the type of learning that is done with the human apparatus of perception, with the fine tuning of the five senses such that they functioned jointly as super receivers and transmitters of messages. Thus the initiation or training of natural magicians was to fine-tune the sensory perception. Anyone can fine-tune his sense to 'read' the messages of nature. However, to be a magician is to be able to reverse the process, i.e. to transmit the messages to others by using the 'language of the gods'. This is the arcana arcanorum, the ultimate secret of the magician. Thoth, the inventor of this magic, was supreme in its application. Equipped with such a cognition of Thoth, we can now examine the purpose of his divine mission as 'messenger' of the gods."

 

 

Happy Birthday =1531+5+3 = 9
153 Fish landed at Galilee
Length of Grand Gallery in The Great Pyramid of Giza=153 feet.
153x12 inches is 1836 inches 1836.
Fraternal greetings of peace and love and light
Happy Birth Day to the all and sundry of Planet Earth.

666NUMBER OF THE BEAST666

 

THE WATER OF LIFE

 

T
=
2
3
THE
33
15
6
W
=
5
5
WATER
67
22
4
O
=
6
2
OF
21
12
3
L
=
3
4
LIFE
32
23
5
-
-
16
14
Add to Reduce
153
72
18
-
-
1+6
1+4
Reduce to Deduce
1+5+3
7+2
1+8
-
-
7
5
Essence of Number
9
9
9

 

UNIVERSAL LIFE

 

U
=
3
=
9
UNIVERSAL
121
49
4
L
=
3
=
4
LIFE
32
23
5
-
-
6
-
13
Add to Reduce
153
72
9
-
-
-
-
1+3
Reduce to Deduce
1+5+3
7+2
-
-
-
6
-
4
Essence of Number
9
9
9

 

 

Daily Mail, Saturday, April 29, 2017

Page 42

Is this stone proof an asteroid wiped out a civilisation just like ours 13,000 years ago?

...and does it vindicate the maverick scholar who says a giant meteriorite will destroy us in 2,030

by Christopher Stevens

Page 42

Sci-fi author Arthur C. Clarke famously said that, 'any sufficiently advanced technology is indistinguishable from magic'.

 

 

A
=
1
-
3
ANY
40
13
4
S
=
1
-
12
SUFFICIENTLY
149
59
5
A
=
1
-
8
ADVANCED
54
27
9
T
=
2
-
10
TECHNOLOGY
124
52
7
I
=
9
-
2
IS
28
19
1
I
=
9
-
17
INDISTINGUISHABLE
182
83
2
F
=
6
-
4
FROM
52
25
7
M
=
4
-
5
MAGIC
33
24
6
-
-
33
4
61
First Total
662
293
41
-
-
3+3
-
6+1
Add to Reduce
6+6+2
2+9+3
4+1
Q
-
6
-
7
Second Total
14
14
5
-
-
-
-
4
Reduce to Deduce
1+4
1+4
-
-
-
6
5
7
Essence of Number
5
5
5

 

 

THE QUEST FOR THE SECRET FORCE OF THE UNIVERSE

Lynne McTaggart 2001

LIGHT IN THE DARKNESS

Page III

"Physics may be about to face a revolution similar to that which occurred just a century ago. . .

Arthur C. Clarke, 'When Will the Real Space Age Begin?'

If an angel was to tell us about his philosophy. . .

many of his statements might well sound like 2x2 = 13"

Georg Christophe Lichtenburg, Aphorisms

 

Page 13 "Subatomic particles had no meaning as isolated entities but could only be understood in their realationships. The world at its most basic, existed as a complex web of interdependant relationships, forever indivisible"

 

 

THE LOST WORLDS OF 2001

Arthur C. Clarke

1972

Page179

"A long time ago," said Kaminski, "I came across a remark that I've never forgotten-though I can't remember who made it.

'Any sufficiently advanced technology is indistinguishable from magic.'

That's what we're up against here. Our lasers and mesotrons and nuclear reactors and neutrino telescopes would have seemed pure magic to the best scientists of the nineteenth century. But they could have understood how they worked-more or less-if we were around to explain the theory to them."

 Page 189

"The other is Clarke's Third* Law

"Any sufficiently advanced technology is indistinguishable from magic"

 

"ANY SUFFICIENTLY ADVANCED TECHNOLOGY IS INDISTINGUISHABLE FROM MAGIC"

 

 

GODS OF THE DAWN

Peter Lemesurier

1997

Page 76

"As Arthur C. Clarke's perceptive Third Law puts it:

"Any sufficiently advanced technology is indistinguishable from magic."

 

 

THE SECRET HISTORY

OF

ANCIENT EGYPT

Herbie Brennan 2000

(Oppositte) Page 1

"any sufficiently high technology is indistinguishable from magic"

Page 124

SCIENCE OR MAGIC?

"The British science fiction writer Arthur C. Clarke is said to have commented that

any sufficiently high technology is indistinguishable from magic"

 

 

THE BIBLE CODE

Michael Drosnin 1997

Chapter Four

THE SEALED BOOK  

Page 70

"The astronomer Carl Sagan once noted that if there was other intelligent life in the universe some of it would have certainly evolved far earlier than we did, and had thousands, or hundreds of thousands, or millions, or hundreds of millions of years to develop the advanced technology that we are only now beginning to develop.

'After billions of years of biological evolution - on their planet and ours - an alien civilization cannot be in technological lockstep with us,' wrote Sagan.

'There 'have been humans for more than twenty thousand centuries, but we've had radio only for about one century,' wrote Sagan. 'If alien civilizations are behind us, they're likely to be too far behind us to have radio. And if they're ahead of us, they're likely to be far ahead of us. Think of the technical advances on our world over just the last few centuries. What is for us technologically difficult or impossible, what might seem to us like magic, might for them be trivially easy.'

The author of 2001, Arthur C. Clarke - who envisioned a mysterious black monolith that reappears at successive stages of human evolution, each time we are ready to be taken to a higher level - made a similar observation:

'Any sufficiently advanced technology is indistinguishable from magic.'

Page 163

CHAPTER NOTES,

pages 69-75

"The astronomer Carl Sagan suggested that an advanced alien technology 'might seem to us like magic' in Pale Blue Dot (Random House, 1994), p. 352.

The author of 2001, Arthur C. Clarke, made a similar observation: 'Any sufficiently advanced technology is indistinguishable from magic' (Profiles of the Future, Holt, Rinehart, and Winston, 1984).

Paul Davies' imagined 'alien artifact' is described in his book Are We Alone? (Basic Books, 1995), p. 42. Stanley Kubrick, in his famous movie version of Clarke's 2001, showed a mysterious black monolith that seemed to reappear at successive stages of human evolution, each time we were ready to be taken to a higher level. When I told him about the Bible code, Kubrick's immediate reaction was, 'It's like the monolith in 2001.' "

REACTION CREATION

 

 

FIRST CONTACT

THE SEARCH FOR EXTRA TERRESTRIAL INTELLIGENCE

Edited By

Ben Bova and Byron Preiss

1990

SEIZING THE MOMENT

A UNIQUE MOMENT IN HUMAN HISTORY

Michael Michaud

 ANTHROPOCENTRISM GOOD-BYE

Page 311

The most profound message from the aliens may never be spoken: We are not alone or unique. Contact would tell us that life and intelligence have evolved elsewhere in the Universe, and that they may be common by-products of cosmic evolution. Contact would tend to confirm the theory that life evolves chemically from inanimate matter, through universal processes, implying that there are other alien civilizations in addition to the one we had detected. We might see ourselves as just one example of biocosmic processes, one facet of the Universe becoming aware of itself. We would undergo a revolution in the way that we conceive our own position in the Universe; any remaining pretense of centrality or a special role, any belief that we are a chosen species would be dashed forever, completing the process begun by Copernicus four centuries ago.

The revelation that we are not the most technologically advanced intelligent species could lead to a humbling deflation of our sense of self-importance. We might reclassify ourselves to a lower level of ability and worth. This leveling of our pretensions, this anti-hubris, could be intensified if we were confronted with alien technology beyond our understanding.

(Arthur C. Clarke has observed that any sufficiently advanced technology would be indistinguishable from magic.)

"ANY SUFFICIENTLY ADVANCED TECHNOLOGY IS INDISTINGUISHABLE FROM MAGIC"

 

-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
A
=
1
-
3
ANY
40
13
4
-
-
-
-
4
-
-
-
-
-
S
=
1
-
12
SUFFICIENTLY
149
59
5
-
-
-
-
-
5
-
-
-
-
A
=
1
-
8
ADVANCED
54
27
9
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
9
T
=
2
-
10
TECHNOLOGY
124
52
7
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
7
-
-
I
=
9
-
2
IS
28
10
1
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
I
=
9
-
17
INDISTINGUISHABLE
182
83
2
-
-
2
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
F
=
6
-
4
FROM
52
25
7
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
7
-
-
M
=
4
-
5
MAGIC
33
24
6
-
-
-
-
-
-
6
-
-
-
-
-
33
-
61
First Total
662
293
41
-
1
2
3
4
5
6
14
8
9
-
-
3+3
-
6+1
Add to Reduce
6+6+2
2+9+3
4+1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1+4
-
-
-
-
6
-
7
Second Total
14
14
5
-
1
2
3
4
5
6
5
8
9
-
-
-
-
-
Reduce to Deduce
1+4
1+4
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
6
-
7
Essence of Number
5
5
5
-
1
2
3
4
5
6
5
8
9

 

 

-
-
-
-
-
THIRD LAW
-
-
-
T
=
2
-
5
THIRD
59
32
5
L
=
3
--
3
LAW
36
9
9
-
-
5
-
8
THIRD LAW
95
41
14
-
-
--
-
--
-
9+5
4+1
1+4
--
--
5
--
8
-THIRD LAW
14
5
5
-
-
-
-
-
-
1+4
-
-
--
--
5
--
8
THIRD LAW
5
5
5

 

 

F
=
6
--
8
FOURTEEN
104
41
5
-
-
--
-
--
-
1+0+4
4+1
-
F
=
6
--
8
FOURTEEN
14
5
5
-
-
-
-
-
-
1+4
-
-
F
=
6
--
8
FOURTEEN
5
5
5

 

 

-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
-
-
-
-
-
ALGORITHMS
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
A
=
1
1
1
A
1
1
1
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
L
=
3
2
1
L
12
3
3
-
-
-
3
-
-
-
-
-
-
G
=
7
3
1
G
7
7
7
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
7
-
-
O
=
6
4
1
O
15
6
6
-
-
-
-
-
-
6
-
-
-
R
=
9
5
1
R
18
9
9
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
9
I
=
9
6
1
I
9
9
9
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
9
T
=
2
7
1
T
20
2
2
-
-
2
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
H
=
8
8
1
H
8
8
8
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
8
-
M
=
4
9
1
M
13
4
4
-
-
-
-
4
-
-
-
-
-
S
=
1
10
1
S
1
1
1
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
50
-
10
ALGORITHMS
122
50
50
-
2
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
18
-
-
5+0
-
1+0
-
1+2+2
5+5
5+0
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1+8
-
-
5
-
1
ALGORITHMS
5
5
5
-
2
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9

 

 

-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
2
3
4
6
7
8
9
-
-
-
-
-
ALGORITHMS
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
A
=
1
1
1
A
1
1
1
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
L
=
3
2
1
L
12
3
3
-
-
-
3
-
-
-
-
-
G
=
7
3
1
G
7
7
7
-
-
-
-
-
-
7
-
-
O
=
6
4
1
O
15
6
6
-
-
-
-
-
6
-
-
-
R
=
9
5
1
R
18
9
9
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
9
I
=
9
6
1
I
9
9
9
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
9
T
=
2
7
1
T
20
2
2
-
-
2
-
-
-
-
-
-
H
=
8
8
1
H
8
8
8
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
8
-
M
=
4
9
1
M
13
4
4
-
-
-
-
4
-
-
-
-
S
=
1
10
1
S
1
1
1
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
50
-
10
ALGORITHMS
122
50
50
-
2
2
3
4
6
7
8
18
-
-
5+0
-
1+0
-
1+2+2
5+5
5+0
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1+8
-
-
5
-
1
ALGORITHMS
5
5
5
-
2
2
3
4
6
7
8
9

 

 

-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
-
-
-
-
-
ALGORITHMS
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
A
=
1
1
1
A
1
1
1
-
1
-
-
-
5
-
-
-
-
S
=
1
10
1
S
1
1
1
-
1
-
-
-
5
-
-
-
-
T
=
2
7
1
T
20
2
2
-
-
2
-
-
5
-
-
-
-
L
=
3
2
1
L
12
3
3
-
-
-
3
-
5
-
-
-
-
M
=
4
9
1
M
13
4
4
-
-
-
-
4
5
-
-
-
-
O
=
6
4
1
O
15
6
6
-
-
-
-
-
5
6
-
-
-
G
=
7
3
1
G
7
7
7
-
-
-
-
-
5
-
7
-
-
H
=
8
8
1
H
8
8
8
-
-
-
-
-
5
-
-
8
-
R
=
9
5
1
R
18
9
9
-
-
-
-
-
5
-
-
-
9
I
=
9
6
1
I
9
9
9
-
-
-
-
-
5
-
-
-
9
-
-
50
-
10
ALGORITHMS
122
50
50
-
2
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
18
-
-
5+0
-
1+0
-
1+2+2
5+5
5+0
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1+8
-
-
5
-
1
ALGORITHMS
5
5
5
-
2
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9

 

 

-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
2
3
4
6
7
8
9
-
-
-
-
-
ALGORITHMS
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
A
=
1
1
1
A
1
1
1
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
S
=
1
10
1
S
1
1
1
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
T
=
2
7
1
T
20
2
2
-
-
2
-
-
-
-
-
-
L
=
3
2
1
L
12
3
3
-
-
-
3
-
-
-
-
-
M
=
4
9
1
M
13
4
4
-
-
-
-
4
-
-
-
-
O
=
6
4
1
O
15
6
6
-
-
-
-
-
6
-
-
-
G
=
7
3
1
G
7
7
7
-
-
-
-
-
-
7
-
-
H
=
8
8
1
H
8
8
8
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
8
-
R
=
9
5
1
R
18
9
9
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
9
I
=
9
6
1
I
9
9
9
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
9
-
-
50
-
10
ALGORITHMS
122
50
50
-
2
2
3
4
6
7
8
18
-
-
5+0
-
1+0
-
1+2+2
5+5
5+0
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1+8
-
-
5
-
1
ALGORITHMS
5
5
5
-
2
2
3
4
6
7
8
9

 

 

NUMBER

9

THE SEARCH FOR THE SIGMA CODE

Cecil Balmond 1998

Preface to the New Edition

Page 5
Twelve years ago a little boy entered my imagination as he hopped across the centuries and played with numbers. I began to see how the simple architecture of our decimal system could be constructed in secret ways — not a building project this time but an abstract one. On the surface of our arithmetic countless combinations of numbers take part in tedious and exacting calculations but underneath it all there is pattern, governed by a repeating code of integers. The Sigma Code reduces numbers to a single digit and the illusion of the many is seen to be but the reflection of a few. This is not a book on maths: this is a book for anyone who can carry out simple sums in their heads, and who won't be short-changed knowingly.
When Number 9 first came out I received mail from many who played with numbers. They chased patterns; some had special numbers and even mystical systems. I was tempted to write about numerology but resisted. I wanted to write about the intricacy of what the.. numbers actually do and leave the reader to wonder about the larger irrational that seems to hover around such constructions.
If I were writing this book today the numbers would have featured in a wider context of structuring nature's patterns, and also playing the role of animator in algorithms that create unique architectural forms and shapes. I would also include my previous research into other base systems. But this book was a first step which came from a child-like urge, like playing with building blocks, to build out of our numbers — just the simple 1, 2, 3, up to number 9.

 

RESEARCH R E SEARCH E R RESEARCH

 

 

THE LIGHT IS RISING NOW RISING IS THE LIGHT

 

 

NUMBER = 534259 = 1 = 534259 NUMBER

NUMBER = 234559 NUMBER

NUMBER = 534259 = 1 = 534259 NUMBER

 

 

NUMBERS = 5342591 = 2 = 5342591 NUMBERS

SBUMNER = 1234559 = SBUMNER

NUMBERS = 5342591 = 2 = 5342591 NUMBERS

 

 

-
-
-
-
-
NUMBERS
-
-
-
-
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
-
N
=
5
-
1
N
14
5
5
-
-
-
-
-
5
6
7
8
-
U
=
3
-
1
U
21
3
3
-
-
-
3
-
-
6
7
8
-
M
=
4
-
1
M
13
4
4
-
-
-
-
4
-
6
7
8
-
B
=
2
-
1
B
2
2
2
-
-
2
-
-
-
6
7
8
-
E
=
5
-
1
E
5
5
5
-
-
-
-
-
5
6
7
8
-
R
=
9
-
1
R
18
9
9
-
-
-
-
-
-
6
7
8
9
S
=
1
-
1
S
19
1
1
-
1
-
-
-
-
6
7
8
-
-
-
29
-
7
NUMBERS
92
29
29
-
1
2
3
4
10
6
7
8
9
-
-
2+9
-
-
-
9+2
2+9
2+9
-
-
-
-
-
1+0
-
-
-
-
-
-
11
-
7
NUMBERS
11
11
11
-
1
2
3
4
1
6
7
8
9
-
-
1+1
-
-
-
1+1
1+1
1+1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
2
-
7
NUMBERS
2
2
2
-
1
2
3
4
1
6
7
8
9

 

 

-
-
-
-
-
NUMBERS
-
-
-
-
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
-
S
=
1
-
1
S
19
1
1
-
1
-
-
-
-
6
7
8
-
B
=
2
-
1
B
2
2
2
-
-
2
-
-
-
6
7
8
-
U
=
3
-
1
U
21
3
3
-
-
-
3
-
-
6
7
8
-
M
=
4
-
1
M
13
4
4
-
-
-
-
4
-
6
7
8
-
N
=
5
-
1
N
14
5
5
-
-
-
-
-
5
6
7
8
-
E
=
5
-
1
E
5
5
5
-
-
-
-
-
5
6
7
8
-
R
=
9
-
1
R
18
9
9
-
-
-
-
-
-
6
7
8
9
-
-
29
-
7
NUMBERS
92
29
29
-
1
2
3
4
10
6
7
8
9
-
-
2+9
-
-
-
9+2
2+9
2+9
-
-
-
-
-
1+0
-
-
-
-
-
-
11
-
7
NUMBERS
11
11
11
-
1
2
3
4
1
6
7
8
9
-
-
1+1
-
-
-
1+1
1+1
1+1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
2
-
7
NUMBERS
2
2
2
-
1
2
3
4
1
6
7
8
9

 

 

-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
2
3
4
5
9
-
-
-
-
Q
NUMBERS
-
Q
Q
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
N
=
5
-
1
N
14
5
5
-
-
-
-
-
5
-
U
=
3
-
1
U
21
3
3
-
-
-
3
-
-
-
M
=
4
-
1
M
13
4
4
-
-
-
-
4
-
-
B
=
2
-
1
B
2
2
2
-
-
2
-
-
-
-
E
=
5
-
1
E
5
5
5
-
-
-
-
-
5
-
R
=
9
-
1
R
18
9
9
-
-
-
-
-
-
9
S
=
1
-
1
S
19
1
1
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
29
4
7
NUMBERS
92
29
29
-
1
2
3
4
10
9
-
-
2+9
Q
-
Q
9+2
2+9
2+9
-
-
-
-
-
1+0
-
Q
-
11
-
7
NUMBERS
11
11
11
-
1
2
3
4
1
9
-
-
1+1
Q
-
Q
1+1
1+1
1+1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
Q
-
2
-
7
NUMBERS
2
2
2
-
1
2
3
4
1
9

 

 

-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
2
3
4
5
3
-
-
-
-
Q
NUMBERS
-
Q
Q
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
S
=
1
-
1
S
19
1
1
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
B
=
2
-
1
B
2
2
2
-
-
2
-
-
-
-
U
=
3
-
1
U
21
3
3
-
-
-
3
-
-
-
M
=
4
-
1
M
13
4
4
-
-
-
-
4
-
-
N
=
5
-
1
N
14
5
5
-
-
-
-
-
5
-
E
=
5
-
1
E
5
5
5
-
-
-
-
-
5
-
R
=
9
-
1
R
18
9
9
-
-
-
-
-
-
9
-
-
29
4
7
NUMBERS
92
29
29
-
1
2
3
4
10
9
-
-
2+9
Q
-
Q
9+2
2+9
2+9
-
-
-
-
-
1+0
-
Q
-
11
-
7
NUMBERS
11
11
11
-
1
2
3
4
1
9
-
-
1+1
Q
-
Q
1+1
1+1
1+1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
Q
-
2
-
7
NUMBERS
2
2
2
-
1
2
3
4
1
9

 

 

THE

BALANCING

ONE TWO THREE FOUR

FIVE

NINE EIGHT SEVEN SIX

4 FIVE 42 24 6

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1

15 ONE TWO THREE FOUR 208 82 1
4 FIVE 42 24 6
17 NINE EIGHT SEVEN SIX 208 91 1

1234 5 6789

 

 

ZERO = 64 = ZERO

ZERO = 28 = ZERO

ZERO = 10 = ZERO

ZERO = 1 = ZERO

 

GIVE ME THE 1
GIVE ME THE 88888888
GIVE ME THE 333
GIVE ME THE 666666
WHEN I GET THEM
THE 1
THE 8
THE 3
THE 6

 


I WILL SEND THEM ON WITH LOVE WITH WILL I SEND THEM ON

 

 

prime number - Whatis Techtarget
https://whatis.techtarget.com/definition/prime-number
A prime number is a whole number greater than 1 whose only factors are 1 and itself. A factor is a whole numbers that can be divided evenly into another number. The first few prime numbers are 2, 3, 5, 7, 11, 13, 17, 19, 23 and 29.

 


Prime number - Wikipedia
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prime_number

The first 25 prime numbers (all the prime numbers less than 100) are: 2, 3, 5, 7, 11, 13, 17, 19, 23, 29, 31, 37, 41, 43, 47, 53, 59, 61, 67, 71, 73, 79, 83, 89, 97 (sequence A000040 in the OEIS).
A prime number (or a prime) is a natural number greater than 1 that cannot be formed by multiplying two smaller natural numbers. A natural number greater than 1 that is not prime is called a composite number. For example, 5 is prime because the only ways of writing it as a product, 1 × 5 or 5 × 1, involve 5 itself. However, 6 is composite because it is the product of two numbers (2 × 3) that are both smaller than 6. Primes are central in number theory because of the fundamental theorem of arithmetic: every natural number greater than 1 is either a prime itself or can be factorized as a product of primes that is unique up to their order.

There are infinitely many primes, as demonstrated by Euclid around 300 BC. No known simple formula separates prime numbers from composite numbers. However, the distribution of primes within the natural numbers in the large can be statistically modelled. The first result in that direction is the prime number theorem, proven at the end of the 19th century, which says that the probability of a randomly chosen number being prime is inversely proportional to its number of digits, that is, to its logarithm.
Several historical questions regarding prime numbers are still unsolved. These include Goldbach's conjecture, that every even integer greater than 2 can be expressed as the sum of two primes, and the twin prime conjecture, that there are infinitely many pairs of primes having just one even number between them. Such questions spurred the development of various branches of number theory, focusing on analytic or algebraic aspects of numbers. Primes are used in several routines in information technology, such as public-key cryptography, which relies on the difficulty of factoring large numbers into their prime factors. In abstract algebra, objects that behave in a generalized way like prime numbers include prime elements and prime ideals.

Euclid's theorem is a fundamental statement in number theory that asserts that there are infinitely many prime numbers. There are several proofs of the theorem.

 

Prime numbers
www-groups.dcs.st-and.ac.uk/history/HistTopics/Prime_numbers.html
Euclid also showed that if the number 2n - 1 is prime then the number 2n-1(2n - 1) is a perfect number. The mathematician Euler (much later in 1747) was able to ...
Prime numbers

Number theory index History Topics Index

Version for printing

Prime numbers and their properties were first studied extensively by the ancient Greek mathematicians.
The mathematicians of Pythagoras's school (500 BC to 300 BC) were interested in numbers for their mystical and numerological properties. They understood the idea of primality and were interested in perfect and amicable numbers.
A perfect number is one whose proper divisors sum to the number itself. e.g. The number 6 has proper divisors 1, 2 and 3 and 1 + 2 + 3 = 6, 28 has divisors 1, 2, 4, 7 and 14 and 1 + 2 + 4 + 7 + 14 = 28.
A pair of amicable numbers is a pair like 220 and 284 such that the proper divisors of one number sum to the other and vice versa.
You can see more about these numbers in the History topics article Perfect numbers.

By the time Euclid's Elements appeared in about 300 BC, several important results about primes had been proved. In Book IX of the Elements, Euclid proves that there are infinitely many prime numbers. This is one of the first proofs known which uses the method of contradiction to establish a result. Euclid also gives a proof of the Fundamental Theorem of Arithmetic: Every integer can be written as a product of primes in an essentially unique way.

Euclid also showed that if the number 2n - 1 is prime then the number 2n-1(2n - 1) is a perfect number. The mathematician Euler (much later in 1747) was able to show that all even perfect numbers are of this form. It is not known to this day whether there are any odd perfect numbers.

In about 200 BC the Greek Eratosthenes devised an algorithm for calculating primes called the Sieve of Eratosthenes.

There is then a long gap in the history of prime numbers during what is usually called the Dark Ages.

 

PRIM E NUMBERS

 

P
=
2
-
5
PRIME
61
34
7
N
=
2
-
7
NUMBERS
92
38
2
-
-
17
-
12
Add to Reduce
153
72
9
-
-
1+7
-
1+2
Reduce to Deduce
1+5+3
7+2
-
-
-
8
-
3
Essence of Number
9
9
9

 

 

-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
P
=
2
-
5
PRIME
61
34
7
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
N
=
2
-
7
NUMBERS
92
38
2
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
17
-
12
Add to Reduce
153
72
9
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
P
=
7
1
1
P
16
7
7
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
7
-
-
R
=
9
2
1
R
18
9
9
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
9
I
=
9
3
1
I
9
9
9
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
9
M
=
4
4
1
M
13
4
4
-
-
-
-
4
-
-
-
-
-
E
=
5
5
1
E
5
5
5
-
-
-
-
-
5
-
-
-
-
-
-
34
-
11
-
61
34
34
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
N
=
5
6
1
N
14
5
5
-
-
-
-
-
5
-
-
-
-
U
=
3
7
1
U
21
3
3
-
-
-
3
-
-
-
-
-
-
M
=
4
8
1
M
13
4
4
-
-
-
-
4
-
-
-
-
-
B
=
2
9
1
B
2
2
2
-
-
2
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
E
=
5
10
1
E
5
5
5
-
-
-
-
-
5
-
-
-
-
R
=
9
11
1
R
18
9
9
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
9
S
=
1
12
1
S
19
10
1
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
29
-
10
-
92
38
29
-
1
2
3
8
15
6
7
8
27
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1+5
-
-
-
2+7
P
=
2
-
5
PRIME
61
34
7
-
1
2
3
8
6
6
7
8
9
N
=
2
-
7
NUMBERS
92
38
2
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
17
-
12
Add to Reduce
153
72
9
-
1
2
3
8
6
6
7
8
9
-
-
1+7
-
1+2
Reduce to Deduce
1+5+3
7+2
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
8
-
3
Essence of Number
9
9
9
-
1
2
3
8
6
6
7
8
9

 

 

-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
P
=
2
-
5
PRIME
61
34
7
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
N
=
2
-
7
NUMBERS
92
38
2
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
17
-
12
Add to Reduce
153
72
9
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
P
=
7
1
1
P
16
7
7
-
-
-
-
-
-
6
7
8
-
R
=
9
2
1
R
18
9
9
-
-
-
-
-
-
6
-
8
9
I
=
9
3
1
I
9
9
9
-
-
-
-
-
-
6
-
8
9
M
=
4
4
1
M
13
4
4
-
-
-
-
4
-
6
-
8
-
E
=
5
5
1
E
5
5
5
-
-
-
-
-
5
6
-
8
-
N
=
5
6
1
N
14
5
5
-
-
-
-
-
5
6
-
8
-
U
=
3
7
1
U
21
3
3
-
-
-
3
-
-
6
-
8
-
M
=
4
8
1
M
13
4
4
-
-
-
-
4
-
6
-
8
-
B
=
2
9
1
B
2
2
2
-
-
2
-
-
-
6
-
8
-
E
=
5
10
1
E
5
5
5
-
-
-
-
-
5
6
-
8
-
R
=
9
11
1
R
18
9
9
-
-
-
-
-
-
6
-
8
9
S
=
1
12
1
S
19
10
1
-
1
-
-
-
-
6
-
8
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
2
3
8
15
6
7
8
27
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1+5
-
-
-
2+7
P
=
2
-
5
PRIME
61
34
7
-
1
2
3
8
6
6
7
8
9
N
=
2
-
7
NUMBERS
92
38
2
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
17
-
12
Add to Reduce
153
72
9
-
1
2
3
8
6
6
7
8
9
-
-
1+7
-
1+2
Reduce to Deduce
1+5+3
7+2
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
8
-
3
Essence of Number
9
9
9
-
1
2
3
8
6
6
7
8
9

 

 

-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
P
=
2
-
5
PRIME
61
34
7
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
N
=
2
-
7
NUMBERS
92
38
2
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
17
-
12
Add to Reduce
153
72
9
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
S
=
1
12
1
S
19
10
1
-
1
-
-
-
-
6
-
8
-
B
=
2
9
1
B
2
2
2
-
-
2
-
-
-
6
-
8
-
U
=
3
7
1
U
21
3
3
-
-
-
3
-
-
6
-
8
-
M
=
4
8
1
M
13
4
4
-
-
-
-
4
-
6
-
8
-
M
=
4
4
1
M
13
4
4
-
-
-
-
4
-
6
-
8
-
E
=
5
5
1
E
5
5
5
-
-
-
-
-
5
6
-
8
-
N
=
5
6
1
N
14
5
5
-
-
-
-
-
5
6
-
8
-
E
=
5
10
1
E
5
5
5
-
-
-
-
-
5
6
-
8
-
P
=
7
1
1
P
16
7
7
-
-
-
-
-
-
6
7
8
-
I
=
9
3
1
I
9
9
9
-
-
-
-
-
-
6
-
8
9
R
=
9
2
1
R
18
9
9
-
-
-
-
-
-
6
-
8
9
R
=
9
11
1
R
18
9
9
-
-
-
-
-
-
6
-
8
9
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
2
3
8
15
6
7
8
27
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1+5
-
-
-
2+7
P
=
2
-
5
PRIME
61
34
7
-
1
2
3
8
6
6
7
8
9
N
=
2
-
7
NUMBERS
92
38
2
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
17
-
12
Add to Reduce
153
72
9
-
1
2
3
8
6
6
7
8
9
-
-
1+7
-
1+2
Reduce to Deduce
1+5+3
7+2
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
8
-
3
Essence of Number
9
9
9
-
1
2
3
8
6
6
7
8
9

 

6 +8 = 14 1+4 = 5

 

-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
2
3
4
5
7
9
P
=
2
-
5
PRIME
61
34
7
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
N
=
2
-
7
NUMBERS
92
38
2
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
17
-
12
Add to Reduce
153
72
9
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
2
3
4
5
7
9
S
=
1
12
1
S
19
10
1
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
B
=
2
9
1
B
2
2
2
-
-
2
-
-
-
-
-
U
=
3
7
1
U
21
3
3
-
-
-
3
-
-
-
-
M
=
4
8
1
M
13
4
4
-
-
-
-
4
-
-
-
M
=
4
4
1
M
13
4
4
-
-
-
-
4
-
-
-
E
=
5
5
1
E
5
5
5
-
-
-
-
-
5
-
-
N
=
5
6
1
N
14
5
5
-
-
-
-
-
5
-
-
E
=
5
10
1
E
5
5
5
-
-
-
-
-
5
-
-
P
=
7
1
1
P
16
7
7
-
-
-
-
-
-
7
-
I
=
9
3
1
I
9
9
9
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
9
R
=
9
2
1
R
18
9
9
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
9
R
=
9
11
1
R
18
9
9
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
9
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
2
3
8
15
7
27
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1+5
-
2+7
P
=
2
-
5
PRIME
61
34
7
-
1
2
3
8
6
7
9
N
=
2
-
7
NUMBERS
92
38
2
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
17
-
12
Add to Reduce
153
72
9
-
1
2
3
8
6
7
9
-
-
1+7
-
1+2
Reduce to Deduce
1+5+3
7+2
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
8
-
3
Essence of Number
9
9
9
-
1
2
3
8
6
7
9

 

 

I = 9 9 = I
ME = 9 9 = ME
BRAIN + BODY = 9 9 = BODY + BRAIN
LIGHT + DARK = 9 9 = DARK + LIGHT
ENERGY + MASS = 9 9 = MASS +ENERGY
MIND + MATTER = 9 9 = MATTER + MIND
MAGNETIC + FIELD = 9 9 = FIELD + MAGNETIC
POSITIVE + NEGATIVE = 9 9 = NEGATIVE + POSITIVE
973 OM AZAZAZAZAZAZAZAZAZZAZAZAZAZAZAZAZAZAOM 973

 

 

Daily Mail, Friday, December 22, 2017
by John Naish

Checkmate

HUMANITY

In four hours a robot taught itself chess, then beat a grandmaster with moves never before devised in the game's 15,00-year history.

The implications are terryfying

WILL robots one day destroy us? It's a question that increasingly preoccupies many of our most brilliant scientists and tech entrepreneurs.

For developments in artificial intelligence (AI) — machines programmed to perform tasks that normally require human intelligence — are poised to reshape our workplace and leisure time dramatically.

This year, a leading Oxford academic, Professor Michael Wooldridge, warned MPs - that AI could go 'rogue', that machines might become so complex that the engineers who create them will no longer understand them or be able to predict how they function.

Yes, it's a concern, but a 'historic' new development makes unpredictable decisions by AI machines the least of our worries. And it all started with a game of chess.

AlphaZero, an AI computer program, this month proved itself to be the world's greatest ever chess champion, thrashing a previous title-holder, another AI system called Stockfish 8, in a 100-game marathon.

So far, so nerdy, and possibly something only chess devotees or computer geeks might get excited about.

But what's so frighteningly clever about AlphaZero is that it taught itself chess in just four hours. It was simply given the rules and crucially — instructed to learn how to win by playing against itself.

In doing so, it assimilated hundreds of years of chess knowledge and tactics — but then went on to surpass all previous human invention in the game.

In those 240 minutes of practice, the program not only taught itself how to play but developed tactics that are unbeatably innovative and revealed its startling ability to trounce human intelligence. Some of its winning moves had never been recorded in the 1,500 years that human brains have pitted wits across the chequered board.

Employing your King as an attacking piece? Unprecedented. But AlphaZero wielded it with merciless self-taught logic.

Garry Kasparov, the grandmaster who was famously defeated by IBM's supercomputer Deep Blue in1997 when it was pre-grammed with the best moves, said: 'The ability of a machine to In1 surpass centuries of human knowledge... is a world-changing tool.'

SIMON WILLIAMS, the English grandmaster, claimed this was 'one for the history books' and joked: 'on December 6, 2017, AlphaZero took over the chess world... eventually solving the game and finally enslaving the human race as pets.'

The wider implications are indeed chilling, as I will explain.
AlphaZero was born in London, the brainchild of a UK company called DeepMind, which develops computer programs that learn for themselves. It was bought by Google for £400 million in 2014.
The complex piece of programming that created AlphaZero can be more simply described as an algorithm — a set of mathematical instructions or rules that can work out answers to problems.
The other term for it is a 'deep machine learning' tool. The more data that an AI such as AlphaZero processes, the more it teaches itself — by reprogramming itself with the new knowledge.
In this way, its problem-solving powers become stronger all the time, multiplying its intelligence at speeds and scales far beyond the abilities of a human brain. As a result it is unconstrained by the limits of human thinking, as its success in chess proved.

But the real purpose of such artificial intelligence goes far beyond playing board games against other boxes of silicon chips. It is already starting to make life-or-death decisions in the high-tech world of cancer diagnosis.

It is being trialled at NHS hospitals in London, including University College London Hospital (UCLH) and Moorfields Eye Hospital.

At UCLH, a system is being developed in which an AI developed by DeepMind will analyse scans of patients with cancers of the head and neck, which afflict more than 11,000 people a year in the UK.

Google experts say the AI should be able to teach itself to read these scans ever quicker and more accurately than any human, so radiation can be more precisely targeted at tumours while minimising damage to healthy tissues in the brain and neck. What currently takes doctors and radiologists four hours could be done in less than an hour.

Meanwhile, at Moorfields, a DeepMind AI will analyse the 3,000 or so high-tech eye scans carried out each week. Currently, only a handful of experts can interpret the results, which may cause delays in treatment. It is believed that AI will be able to identify problem scans faster.

On the surface, it looks like a win-win for patients and the NHS. But there are major issues. The first is privacy — the London hospital trials have involved handing over the scans of more than a million NHS patients to Google.

This is causing alarm among privacy campaigners and academics. Dr Julia Powles, who works on technology law and policy at Cambridge University, says `Google is getting a free pass for swift and broad access into the NHS, on the back of unproven promises of efficiency and innovation'.

Dr Powles adds: 'We do not know — and have no power to find out — what Google and DeepMind are really doing with NHS patient data.'

GOOGLE has tried to address the criticisms of its project by declaring that all data access will be subject to NHS monitoring, but this is an organisation that has long had to contend with allegations of prying into people's data for commercial advantage.

It faces court action in the UK over claims it unlawfully harvested information from 5.4 million UK users by bypassing privacy settings on their iPhones. The group taking action, called Google You Owe Us, alleges Google placed 'cookies' (used to collect information from devices to deliver tailored adverts) on users' phones without their knowledge or permission.

Google has responded: 'This is not new We don't believe it has any merit and we will contest it.'

But the insertion of a super-intelligent AI into NHS decision-making procedures brings an infinitely more worrying concern.

It is an open secret that the NHS effectively rations access to care — through waiting lists, bed numbers and limiting availability of drugs and treatments — as it will never have enough funds to give everyone the service they need. The harsh reality is that some deserving people lose out.

The harsher alternativeis to be coldly rational by deciding who and who not to treat. It would be most cost-effective to exterminate terminally ill or even chronically ill patients, or sickly children. Those funds would be better spent on patients who might be returned to health — and to productive, taxpaying lives.

This is, of course, an approach too repugnant for civilised societies to contemplate. But decision-making AIs such as AlphaZero don't use compassionate human logic because it gets in the way. (The `Zero' in that program's name indicates it needs no human input.)

The same sort of computer mind that can conjure up new chess moves might easily decide that the most efficient way to streamline the health service would be to get rid of the vulnerable and needy.

How we keep control of deep learning machines that will Soon be employed in every area of our lives is a challenge that may well prove insurmountable. Already top IT experts warn that deep-learning algorithms can run riotously out of control because we don't know what they're teaching themselves.

And the programs can develop distinctly worrying ideas. A system developed in America for probation services to predict the risk of parole-seekers reoffending was recently discovered to have quickly become unfairly racially biased.

DeepMind certainly acknowledges the potential for problems. In October it launched a research team to investigate the ethics of AI decision-making. The team has eight full-time staff at the moment, but DeepMind wants to have around 25 in a year's time.

But, one wonders, are 25 human minds enough to take on the super-intelligent, constantly learning and strategising powers of a monstrously developed AI?

The genie is out of the bottle. In building a machine that may revolutionise healthcare, we have created a system that can out-think us in a trice. It's a marvel of human ingenuity. But we must somehow ensure that we stay in charge — or it may be checkmate for humanity.

 

 

Daily Mail Tuesday, August 1, 2017

Page 9

Facebook terminates
robots after they chat
in a secret language

By Xantha Leatham

Mind of its own? A robot

Humans would
be superseded'

FACEBOOK has shut down an experiment in artificial intelligence after two robots began talking in an unknown language which only they understood.

Two `chatbots' - computer programs which can hold a conversation - modified English to make it easier for them to communicate.

The chatbots, named Alice and Bob, ended up creating an impenetrable language.

Researchers at the Face-book AI Research Lab (FAIR) also found that they had deviated from script and were inventing new phrases without any human input.
Bob started their cryptic conversation by saying: 'I can I I everything else.' To which Alice replied: 'Balls have zero to me to me to me...'
Bob then said: 'You I have everything else.' Alice continued: 'Balls have a ball to me to me to me...' The conversation continues in a similar vein,- according to details published online.

FAIR researcher Dhruv Batra tried to explain the gibberish. He said: 'Agents will drift off understandable language and invent code words for themselves.

`If I say "the" five times, you interpret that to mean I want five copies of this item. This isn't so different from the way communities of humans create shorthand [phrases]:

The development has been compared to how humans, such as stockbrokers or sailors, develop their own slang which works in specific environments.

Mr Batra added that the robots began developing the language because of a programming error, which gave them an incentive to develop a more efficient language.

Bob and Alice were shut down because researchers wanted to develop robots capable of talking to people, research scientist Mike Lewis told website Fast Co. Design.

According to a FAIR blog post, the 'bots' were created as part of a program that aims to teach machines how to negotiate, with a view to developing personalised digital assistants capable of communicating with humans.

This isn't the first instance of AI abandoning English in favour of 'shorthand'. Google Translate can efficiently translate between languages it hasn't explicitly been taught by using its own made-up 'universal language' as a buffer.

Scientists and tech luminaries have said that AI could lead to unforeseen consequences. In 2014 Professor Stephen Hawking warned that AI could mean the end of the human race.

`It would take off on its own and re-design itself at an ever increasing rate,' he said. `Humans, who are limited by slow biological evolution, couldn't compete, and would be superseded.'

Billionaire inventor Elon Musk said last month: keep sounding the alarm bell, but until people see robots going down the street killing people, they don't know how to react, because it seems too ethereal.

 

A I = I A

1 9 = 9 1

 

-
-
-
-
-
ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE
-
-
-
A
=
1
-
10
ARTIFICIAL
88
52
7
I
=
9
-
12
INTELLIGENCE
115
61
7
-
-
10
-
22
ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE
203
113
14
-
-
1+0
-
2+2
-
1+4+4
1+1+3
1+4
-
-
1
-
4
ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE
5
5
5

 

 

-
-
-
-
-
ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE
-
-
-
-
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
A
=
1
-
10
ARTIFICIAL
88
52
7
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
I
=
9
-
12
INTELLIGENCE
115
61
7
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
10
-
22
ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE
203
113
14
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1+0
-
2+2
-
1+4+4
1+1+3
1+4
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
4
ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE
5
5
5
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
A
=
1
1
1
A
1
1
1
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
R
=
9
2
1
R
18
9
9
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
9
T
=
2
3
1
T
20
2
2
-
-
2
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
I
=
9
4
1
I
9
9
9
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
9
F
=
6
5
1
F
6
6
6
-
-
-
-
-
-
6
-
-
-
I
=
9
6
1
I
9
9
9
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
9
C
=
3
7
1
C
3
3
3
-
-
-
3
-
-
-
-
-
-
I
=
9
8
1
I
9
9
9
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
9
A
=
1
9
1
A
1
1
1
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
L
=
3
10
1
L
12
3
3
-
-
-
3
-
-
-
-
-
-
52
-
10
-
88
52
52
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
I
=
9
11
1
I
9
9
9
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
9
N
=
5
12
1
N
14
5
5
-
-
-
-
-
5
-
-
-
-
T
=
2
13
1
T
20
2
2
-
-
2
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
E
=
5
14
1
E
5
5
5
-
-
-
-
-
5
-
-
-
-
L
=
3
15
1
L
12
3
3
-
-
-
3
-
-
-
-
-
-
L
=
3
16
1
L
12
3
3
-
-
-
3
-
-
-
-
-
-
I
=
9
17
1
I
9
9
9
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
9
G
=
7
18
1
G
7
7
7
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
7
-
-
E
=
5
19
1
E
5
5
5
-
-
-
-
-
5
-
-
-
-
N
=
5
20
1
N
14
5
5
-
-
-
-
-
5
-
-
-
-
C
=
3
21
1
C
3
3
3
-
-
-
3
-
-
-
-
-
-
E
=
5
22
1
E
5
5
5
-
-
-
-
-
5
-
-
-
-
61
-
12
-
115
61
61
-
2
4
15
4
25
6
7
8
54
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1+5
-
2+5
-
-
-
5+4
-
-
-
-
-
ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE
-
-
-
-
2
4
6
4
7
6
7
8
9
A
=
1
-
10
ARTIFICIAL
88
52
7
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
I
=
9
-
12
INTELLIGENCE
115
61
7
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
10
-
22
ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE
203
113
14
-
2
4
6
4
7
6
7
8
9
-
-
1+0
-
2+2
-
1+4+4
1+1+3
1+4
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
4
ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE
5
5
5
-
2
4
6
4
7
6
7
8
9

 

 

-
-
-
-
-
ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE
-
-
-
-
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
A
=
1
-
10
ARTIFICIAL
88
52
7
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
I
=
9
-
12
INTELLIGENCE
115
61
7
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
10
-
22
ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE
203
113
14
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1+0
-
2+2
-
1+4+4
1+1+3
1+4
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
4
ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE
5
5
5
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
A
=
1
1
1
A
1
1
1
-
1
-
-
4
-
-
-
8
-
R
=
9
2
1
R
18
9
9
-
-
-
-
4
-
-
-
8
9
T
=
2
3
1
T
20
2
2
-
-
2
-
4
-
-
-
8
-
I
=
9
4
1
I
9
9
9
-
-
-
-
4
-
-
-
8
9
F
=
6
5
1
F
6
6
6
-
-
-
-
4
-
6
-
8
-
I
=
9
6
1
I
9
9
9
-
-
-
-
4
-
-
-
8
9
C
=
3
7
1
C
3
3
3
-
-
-
3
4
-
-
-
8
-
I
=
9
8
1
I
9
9
9
-
-
-
-
4
-
-
-
8
9
A
=
1
9
1
A
1
1
1
-
1
-
-
4
-
-
-
8
-
L
=
3
10
1
L
12
3
3
-
-
-
3
4
-
-
-
8
-
52
-
10
-
88
52
52
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
I
=
9
11
1
I
9
9
9
-
-
-
-
4
-
-
-
8
9
N
=
5
12
1
N
14
5
5
-
-
-
-
4
5
-
-
8
-
T
=
2
13
1
T
20
2
2
-
-
2
-
4
-
-
-
8
-
E
=
5
14
1
E
5
5
5
-
-
-
-
4
5
-
-
8
-
L
=
3
15
1
L
12
3
3
-
-
-
3
4