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THE

MAGICALALPHABET

 

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-
-
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THE RAINBOW LIGHT
-
-
-
T
=
2
-
3
THE
33
15
6
R
=
9
-
7
RAINBOW
82
37
1
L
=
3
-
5
LIGHT
56
29
2
-
-
14
-
15
THE RAINBOW LIGHT
171
81
9
-
-
1+4
-
1+5
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1+7+1
8+1
-
Q
-
5
-
6
THE RAINBOW LIGHT
9
9
9

 

 

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2
IS
28
10
1
9
UNIVERSAL
121
40
4
4
MIND
40
22
4
3
THE
33
15
6
4
MIND
40
22
4
2
OF
21
12
3
9
HUMANKIND
95
41
5
33
First Total
378
162
27
3+3
Add to Reduce
3+7+8
1+6+2
2+7
6
Second Total
18
9
9
-
Reduce to Deduce
1+8
-
-
6
Essence of Number
9
9
9

 

 

9
UNIVERSAL
121
40
4
4
MIND
40
22
4
2
IS
28
10
1
3
THE
33
15
6
4
MIND
40
22
4
2
OF
21
12
3
9
HUMANKIND
95
41
5
33
First Total
378
162
27
3+3
Add to Reduce
3+7+8
1+6+2
2+7
6
Second Total
18
9
9
-
Reduce to Deduce
1+8
-
-
6
Essence of Number
9
9
9

 

 

 

26
A
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=
43
4+3
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7
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8
9
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14
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19
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24
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26
+
=
115
1+1+5
=
7
=
7
=
7
26
A
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+
=
83
8+3
=
11
1+1
2
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2
-
1
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4
5
6
7
-
-
10
11
12
13
-
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16
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25
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+
=
236
2+3+6
=
11
1+1
2
=
2
26
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+
=
351
3+5+1
=
9
=
9
=
9
-
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
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1
2
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4
5
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8
+
=
126
1+2+6
=
9
=
9
=
9
26
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1
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1
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1
occurs
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3
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occurs
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occurs
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18
1+8
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7
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-
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7
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=
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occurs
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21
2+1
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-
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8
-
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-
-
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-
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8
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8
+
=
8
occurs
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=
24
2+4
6
-
-
-
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-
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-
-
9
-
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=
9
occurs
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2
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18
1+8
9
26
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-
-
45
-
-
26
-
126
-
54
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
9
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
9
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
4+5
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-
2+6
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1+2+6
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5+4
26
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N
O
P
Q
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-
-
9
-
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8
-
9
-
9
-
1
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8
9
1
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6
7
8
9
1
2
3
4
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7
8
-
-
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-
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-
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-
26
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9
-
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8
-
9
-
9

 

 

THE SIRIUS MYSTERY

Robert K.G.Temple 1976

Page 74

"Mead quotes an Egyptian magic papyrus, this being an uncontested Egyptian document which he compares to a passage in the Trismegistic literature: 'I invoke thee, Lady Isis, with whom the Good Daimon doth unite, He who is Lord in the perfect black. '37
We know that Isis is identified with Sirius A, and here we may have a / Page 74 / description of her star-companion 'who is Lord in the perfect black', namely the invisible companion with whom she is united, Sirius B.
Mead, of course, had no inkling of the Sirius question. But he cited this magic papyrus in order to shed comparative light on some extraordinary passages in a Trismegistic treatise he translated which has the title 'The Virgin of the World'. In his comments on the magic papyrus Mead says: 'It is natural to make the Agathodaimon ("the Good Daimon") of the Papyrus refer to Osiris; for indeed it is one of his most frequent designations. Moreover, it is precisely Osiris who is pre-eminently connected with the so-called "under­world", the unseen world, the "mysterious dark". He is lord there. . . and indeed one of the ancient mystery-sayings was precisely, "Osiris is a dark God." ,
'The Virgin of the World' is an extraordinary Trismegistic treatise in the form of a dialogue between the hierophant (high priest) as spokesman for Isis and the neophyte who represents Horus. Thus the priest instructing the initiate is portrayed as Isis instructing her son Horus.
The treatise begins by claiming it is 'her holiest discourse' which 'so speaking Isis doth pour forth'. There is, throughout, a strong emphasis on the hierarchical principle of lower and higher beings in the universe - that earthly mortals are presided over at intervals by other, higher, beings who interfere in Earth's affairs when things here become hopeless, etc. Isis says in the treatise: 'It needs must, therefore, be the less should give place to the greater mysteries.' What she is to disclose to Horus is a great mystery. Mead describes it as the mystery practised by the arch-hierophant. It was the degree (here 'degree' is in the sense of 'degree' in the Masonic 'mysteries', which are hopelessly garbled and watered-down versions of genuine mysteries of earlier times) 'called the "Dark Mystery" or "Black Rite". It was a rite performed only for those who were judged worthy of it after long probation in lower degrees, something of a far more sacred character, apparently, than the instruction in the mysteries enacted in the light.'
Mead adds: 'I would suggest, therefore, that we have here a reference to the most esoteric institution of the Isiac tradition. . .', Isiac meaning of course 'Isis-tradition', and not to be confused with the Book of Isaiah in the Bible (so that perhaps it is best for us not to use the word-form 'Isiac').
It is in attempting to explain the mysterious 'Black Rite' of Isis at the highest degree of the Egyptian mysteries that Mead cited the magic papyrus which I have already quoted. He explains the 'Black Rite' as being connected with Osiris being a 'dark god' who is 'Lord of the perfect black' which is 'the unseen world, the mysterious black'.
This treatise 'The Virgin of the World' describes a personage called Hermes who seems to represent a race of beings who taught earthly mankind the arts of civilization after which: 'And thus, with charge unto his kinsmen of the Gods to keep sure watch, he mounted to the Stars'.
According to this treatise mankind have been a troublesome lot requiring scrutiny and, at rare intervals of crisis, intervention.
After Hermes left Earth to return to the stars there was or were in Egypt someone or some people designated as 'Tat' (Thoth) who were initiates into the celestial mysteries."

Page 77

"Bearing these books in mind (and I am sure they are there waiting under­ground like a time bomb for us), it is interesting to read this passage in 'The Virgin of the World' following shortly upon that previously quoted:
The sacred symbols of the cosmic elements were hid away hard by the secrets of Osiris. Hermes, ere he returned to Heaven, invoked a spell on them, and spake these words: . . . 'O holy books, who have been made by my immortal hands, by incorruption's magic spells. . . (at this point there is a lacuna as the text is hopeless) . . . free from decay throughout eternity remain and incorrupt from time! Become unseeable, unfindable, for every one whose foot shall tread the plains of this land, until old Heaven doth bring forth meet instruments for you, whom the Creator shall call souls.'
Thus spake he; and, laying spells on them by means of his own works, he shut them safe away in their own zones. And long enough the time has been since they were hid away.
In the treatise the highest objective of ignorant men searching for the truth
is described as: '(Men) will seek out. . . the inner nature of the holy spaces which no foot may tread, and will chase after them into the height, desiring to observe the nature of the motion of the Heaven.
'These are as yet moderate things. For nothing more remains than Earth's remotest realms; nay, in their daring they will track out Night, the farthest Night of all.'..."

 


Hermes Trismegistus - Wikipedia
en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Hermes_Trismegistus

Hermes Trismegistus (Ancient Greek: "thrice-greatest Hermes"; Latin: Mercurius ter Maximus) is the purported author of the Hermetic Corpus, a series of sacred texts that are the basis of Hermeticism.
?Hermetica · ?The Kybalion · ?Interpretatio graeca

Hermes Trismegistus may be associated with the Greek god Hermes and the Egyptian god Thoth.[1] Greeks in the Ptolemaic Kingdom of Egypt recognized the equivalence of Hermes and Thoth through the interpretatio graeca.[2] Consequently, the two gods were worshiped as one, in what had been the Temple of Thoth in Khemenu, which was known in the Hellenistic period as Hermopolis.[3]

Hermes, the Greek god of interpretive communication, was combined with Thoth, the Egyptian god of wisdom. The Egyptian priest and polymath Imhotep had been deified long after his death and therefore assimilated to Thoth in the classical and Hellenistic periods.[4] The renowned scribe Amenhotep and a wise man named Teôs were coequal deities of wisdom, science, and medicine; and, thus, they were placed alongside Imhotep in shrines dedicated to Thoth–Hermes during the Ptolemaic Kingdom.[5]

A Mycenaean Greek reference to a deity or semi-deity called ti-ri-se-ro-e (Linear B: ??????????; Tris H?ros, "thrice or triple hero")[6] was found on two Linear B clay tablets at Pylos[7] and could be connected to the later epithet "thrice great", Trismegistos, applied to Hermes/Thoth. On the aforementioned PY Tn 316 tablet—as well as other Linear B tablets found in Pylos, Knossos, and Thebes—there appears the name of the deity "Hermes" as e-ma-ha (Linear B: ??????), but not in any apparent connection with the "Trisheros". This interpretation of poorly understood Mycenaean material is disputed, since Hermes Trismegistus is not referenced in any of the copious sources before he emerges in Hellenistic Egypt.

Cicero enumerates several deities referred to as "Hermes": a "fourth Mercury (Hermes) was the son of the Nile, whose name may not be spoken by the Egyptians"; and "the fifth, who is worshiped by the people of Pheneus [in Arcadia], is said to have killed Argus Panoptes, and for this reason to have fled to Egypt, and to have given the Egyptians their laws and alphabet: he it is whom the Egyptians call Theyt".[8] The most likely interpretation of this passage is as two variants on the same syncretism of Greek Hermes and Egyptian Thoth (or sometimes other gods): the fourth (where Hermes turns out "actually" to have been a "son of the Nile," i.e. a native god) being viewed from the Egyptian perspective, the fifth (who went from Greece to Egypt) being viewed from the Greek-Arcadian perspective. Both of these early references in Cicero (most ancient Trismegistus material is from the early centuries AD) corroborate the view that Thrice-Great Hermes originated in Hellenistic Egypt through syncretism between Greek and Egyptian gods (the Hermetica refer most often to Thoth and Amun).[9]


Hermes Trismegistus, floor mosaic in the Cathedral of Siena
The Hermetic literature among the Egyptians, which was concerned with conjuring spirits and animating statues, inform the oldest Hellenistic writings on Greco-Babylonian astrology and on the newly developed practice of alchemy.[10] In a parallel tradition, Hermetic philosophy rationalized and systematized religious cult practices and offered the adept a means of personal ascension from the constraints of physical being. This latter tradition has led to the confusion of Hermeticism with Gnosticism, which was developing contemporaneously.[11]

As a divine source of wisdom, Hermes Trismegistus was credited with tens of thousands of highly esteemed writings, which were reputed to be of immense antiquity. Clement of Alexandria was under the impression that the Egyptians had forty-two sacred writings by Hermes, writings that detailed the training of Egyptian priests. Siegfried Morenz has suggested, in Egyptian Religion: "The reference to Thoth's authorship... is based on ancient tradition; the figure forty-two probably stems from the number of Egyptian nomes, and thus conveys the notion of completeness." The neoplatonic writers took up Clement's "forty-two essential texts".

The Hermetica is a category of papyri containing spells and initiatory induction procedures. The dialogue called the Asclepius (after the Greek god of healing) describes the art of imprisoning the souls of demons or of angels in statues with the help of herbs, gems, and odors, so that the statue could speak and engage in prophecy. In other papyri, there are recipes for constructing such images and animating them, such as when images are to be fashioned hollow so as to enclose a magic name inscribed on gold leaf.

Thrice Great[edit]

Fowden asserts that the first datable occurrences of the epithet "thrice great" are in the Legatio of Athenagoras of Athens and in a fragment from Philo of Byblos, circa AD 64–141.[12] However, in a later work, Copenhaver reports that this epithet is first found in the minutes of a meeting of the council of the Ibis cult, held in 172 BC near Memphis in Egypt.[13] Hart explains that the epithet is derived from an epithet of Thoth found at the Temple of Esna, "Thoth the great, the great, the great."[2] The date of Hermes Trismegistus's sojourn in Egypt during his last incarnation is not now known, but it has been fixed at the early days of the oldest dynasties of Egypt, long before the days of Moses. Some authorities regard him as a contemporary of Abraham, and claim that Abraham acquired a portion of his mystical knowledge from Hermes himself (Kybalion).

Many Christian writers, including Lactantius, Augustine, Marsilio Ficino, Campanella, and Giovanni Pico della Mirandola, as well as Giordano Bruno, considered Hermes Trismegistus to be a wise pagan prophet who foresaw the coming of Christianity.[14][15] They believed in the existence of a prisca theologia, a single, true theology that threads through all religions. It was given by God to man in antiquity[16][17] and passed through a series of prophets, which included Zoroaster and Plato. In order to demonstrate the verity of the prisca theologia, Christians appropriated the Hermetic teachings for their own purposes. By this account, Hermes Trismegistus was either a contemporary of Moses,[18] or the third in a line of men named Hermes, i.e. Enoch, Noah, and the Egyptian priest king who is known to us as Hermes Trismegistus[19] on account of being the greatest priest, philosopher, and king.[19][20]

This last account of how Hermes Trismegistus received that epithet is derived from statements in the Emerald Tablet of Hermes Trismegistus, that he knows the three parts of the wisdom of the whole universe.[21]

Another explanation, in the Suda (10th century), is that "He was called Trismegistus on account of his praise of the trinity, saying there is one divine nature in the trinity."[22]

Hermetic writings[edit]

The Asclepius and the Corpus Hermeticum are the most important of the Hermetica, the surviving writings attributed to Hermes Trismegistus. During the Renaissance, it was accepted that Hermes Trismegistus was a contemporary of Moses. However, after Casaubon's dating of the Hermetic writings as being no earlier than the second or third century AD, the whole of Renaissance Hermeticism collapsed.[23] As to their actual authorship:

... they were certainly not written in remotest antiquity by an all wise Egyptian priest, as the Renaissance believed, but by various unknown authors, all probably Greeks, and they contain popular Greek philosophy of the period, a mixture of Platonism and Stoicism, combined with some Jewish and probably some Persian influences.[24]

Hermetic revival[edit]

For the main article, see Hermeticism. For the texts of the Corpus Hermeticum, see Hermetica.

During the Middle Ages and the Renaissance the Hermetica enjoyed great prestige and were popular among alchemists. The "hermetic tradition" consequently refers to alchemy, magic, astrology, and related subjects. The texts are usually divided into two categories: the philosophical and the technical hermetica. The former deals mainly with philosophy, and the latter with practical magic, potions, and alchemy. Magic spells to protect objects, for example, are the origin of the expression "hermetically sealed".[citation needed]

The classical scholar Isaac Casaubon, in De rebus sacris et ecclesiasticis exercitationes XVI (1614), showed, through an analysis of the Greek language used in the texts, that those texts believed to be of ancient origin were in fact much more recent: most of the philosophical Corpus Hermeticum can be dated to around AD 300. However, the 17th century scholar Ralph Cudworth argued that Casaubon's allegation of forgery could only be applied to three of the seventeen treatises contained within the Corpus Hermeticum.[25]

Islamic tradition[edit]

See also: Idris (prophet)


Pages from a 14th-century Arabic manuscript of the Cyranides, a text attributed to Hermes Trismegistus
Sayyid Ahmed Amiruddin has pointed out that early Christian and Islamic traditions call Hermes Trismegistus the builder of the Pyramids of Giza[26] and has a major place in Islamic tradition. He writes, "Hermes Trismegistus is mentioned in the Quran in verse 19:56-57: 'Mention, in the Book, Idris, that he was truthful, a prophet. We took him up to a high place'". The Jabirian corpus contains the oldest documented source for the Emerald Tablet of Hermes Trismegistus, translated by Jabir ibn Hayyan (Geber) for the Hashemite Caliph of Baghdad Harun al-Rashid the Abbasid. Jabir ibn Hayyan, a Shiite, identified as Jabir al-Sufi, was a student of Ja'far al-Sadiq, Husayn ibn 'Ali's great grandson. Thus, for the Abbasid's and the Alid's, the writings of Hermes Trismegistus were considered sacred, as an inheritance from the Ahl al-Bayt and the Prophets. These writings were recorded by the Ikhwan al-Safa, and subsequently translated from Arabic into Persian, Turkish, Hebrew, Russian, and English. In these writings, Hermes Trismegistus is identified as Idris, the infallible Prophet who traveled to outer space from Egypt, and to heaven, whence he brought back a cache of objects from the Eden of Adam and the Black Stone from where he landed on earth in India.[27]

According to ancient Arab genealogists, the Prophet Muhammad, who is also believed to have traveled to the heavens on the night of Isra and Mi'raj, is a direct descendant of Hermes Trismegistus. Ibn Kathir said, "As for Idris... He is in the genealogical chain of the Prophet Muhammad, except according to one genealogist... Ibn Ishaq says he was the first who wrote with the Pen. There was a span of 380 years between him and the life of Adam. Many of the scholars allege that he was the first to speak about this, and they call him Thrice-Great Hermes [Hermes Trismegistus]".[27] Ahmad al-Buni considered himself a follower of the hermetic teachings; and his contemporary Ibn Arabi mentioned Hermes Trismegistus in his writings. The Futu?at al-Makkiyya of Ibn Arabi speaks of Hermes's travels to "vast cities (outside earth), possessing technologies far superior than ours"[28] and meeting with the Twelfth Imam, the Ninth (generation) from the Third (al-Husayn the third Imam) (referring here to the Masters of Wisdom from the Emerald Tablet), who also ascended to the heavens, and is still alive like his ancestor Hermes Trismegistus".[29]

A late Arabic writer wrote of the Sabaeans that their religion had a sect of star worshipers who held their doctrine to come from Hermes Trismegistus through the prophet Adimun.[30]

Antoine Faivre, in The Eternal Hermes (1995), has pointed out that Hermes Trismegistus has a place in the Islamic tradition, although the name Hermes does not appear in the Qur'an. Hagiographers and chroniclers of the first centuries of the Islamic Hegira quickly identified Hermes Trismegistus with Idris,[31] the nabi of surahs 19.57 and 21.85, whom the Arabs also identified with Enoch (cf. Genesis 5.18–24). Idris/Hermes was termed "Thrice-Wise" Hermes Trismegistus because he had a threefold origin. The first Hermes, comparable to Thoth, was a "civilizing hero", an initiator into the mysteries of the divine science and wisdom that animate the world; he carved the principles of this sacred science in hieroglyphs. The second Hermes, in Babylon, was the initiator of Pythagoras. The third Hermes was the first teacher of alchemy. "A faceless prophet," writes the Islamicist Pierre Lory, "Hermes possesses no concrete or salient characteristics, differing in this regard from most of the major figures of the Bible and the Quran."[32] A common interpretation of the representation of "Trismegistus" as "thrice great" recalls the three characterizations of Idris: as a messenger of god, or a prophet; as a source of wisdom, or hikmet (wisdom from hokmah); and as a king of the world order, or a "sultanate". These are referred to as müselles bin ni'me.

Bahá'í writings[edit]

Bahá'u'lláh, founder of the Bahá'í Faith, identifies Idris with Hermes in his Tablet on the Uncompounded Reality.[33] He does not, however, specifically name Idris as the prophet of the Sabians.

New Age revival[edit]

Modern occultists claim that some Hermetic texts may be of Pharaonic origin, and that the legendary "forty-two essential texts" that contain the core Hermetic religious beliefs and philosophy of life, remain hidden in a secret library.[34][citation needed]

The book Kybalion, by "The Three Initiates", addresses Hermetic principles.[35][citation needed]

Within the occult tradition, Hermes Trismegistus is associated with several wives, and more than one son who took his name, as well as more than one grandson.[36][citation needed] This repetition of given name and surname throughout the generations may at least partially account for the legend of his longevity, especially as it is believed that many of his children pursued careers as priests in mystery religions.[36][citation needed]

 

 

WAKEFIELD MUSEUM

DISCOVERING ANCIENT EGYPT

23rd September 05 - 23rd April 06

GODS AND GODDESSES

OSIRIS ISIS

Egyptians believed that the god Osiris and his sister were the first king and queen of Egypt

 

THE

TEMPLE AT DENDERAH

"THIS TEMPLE AT DENDERAH DEDICATED TO

HATHOR

GODDESS OF LOVE AND BEAUTY"

 

 

A W A K E F I E L D D L E I F E K A W A

 

 

"SIGNS"

Science Fiction Film 2002

Director

M. Night Shyamalan

www.geocities.com review.

2Do you believe in coincidence ? Maybe things happen for a reason"

"The heart of the movie doesn't necessarily lie in what is behind the crop circles, it's something more enriching. It isn't a story that follows a formula, it doesn't take advantage of the audience by giving them gore or visual distractions. Because what Shyamalan chooses to do is draw on the one thing that can be in your corner when making a film like this.  Audience anticipation, and imagination. The less you show the better. I think we've become so conditioned by formulated movies that something like this catches us off guard. It is not meant to be like "Independence Day"..thank god. "Signs"  has a lot of symbolism.  It's a very intelligent story, the sub-plot is merely the sci-fi element to which the story expands around."

"Are we alone out there? Well, maybe we aren't ever really alone."

 

 

"SIGNS"

Science Fiction Film 2002

Director

M. Night Shyamalan

"WAKEFIELD"

 

 

DAILY MAIL

Wednesday, April 26, 2006

By Ben Taylor and Ian Drury

Page35

"Despite five 999 calls, police took 90 minutes. . . "

"Police took an hour and and a half to react to 999 calls. . ."

"In the 90 minutes. . . "

"90 minutes earlier on Friday night when the first in a series of 999 calls was made. . ."

"One 999 caller claimed. . . "

 

 

DAILY MAIL

Monday, May 1, 2006

Ian Drury

"Injured man dies after six-hour 999 delay in sending ambulance "

"A MAN died after police and ambulance crews took six hours to respond to 999 calls that he was lying unconscious in a street"

"He dialled 999 and told Staffordshire Ambulance Service..."

"It is not clear why the ambulance service did not send paradamedics after the first 999 call."

 

 

DAILY MAIL

Friday, January 20, 2006

By Steve Doughty

Page 13

"Nine in ten"

"More than nine out of ten. . ."

 

 

DAILY MAIL

Friday, January 20, 2006

By David Wilkes and Andre Levy

Page 31

"90 years on, love letters of soldier's sweetheart have a happy ending"

 

 

UNITARIAN CHURCH

WAKEFIELD

"William Thomas Marriot of Sandal Grove"

"Died February 2nd 1899"

 

 

WAKEFIELD MUSEUM

DISCOVERING ANCIENT EGYPT

23rd September 05 - 23rd April 06

SCIENTIFIC AMERICAN

updated from the 1996 issue

Page 72

MYSTERIES OF THE ANCIENT ONES

"BRING HONEY FOR MY EYES"

 

 

WAKEFIELD MUSEUM

DISCOVERING ANCIENT EGYPT

23rd September 05 - 23rd April 06

Information Notice

MUMMY SARCOPHAGUS

"This sarcophagus once contained the body of an mummified Egyptian priest, but we do know what happened to the mummy. . . "

"It was found at Thebes (modern Luxor)

"From the form of decoration, Egyptologists know that it was made for a male priest of the state god

AMUN

"The techniques used to decorate it date from the 21st Dynasty, c 100 BC.

 

 

WAKEFIELD MUSEUM

DISCOVERING ANCIENT EGYPT

23rd September 05 - 23rd April 06

GUARDIAN

Ancient Egypt provide key to storing nuclear heritage

Paul Brown Enviroment correspondent 9-8-05

"THE PYRAMIDS OF THE PHARAOHS"

 

 

WAKEFIELD MUSEUM

DISCOVERING ANCIENT EGYPT

23rd September 05 - 23rd April 06

THE INDEPENDANT

Explorer 28th May 2005

Page 11

The Gilf Kebir (big plateau)

"Perhaps it is all the effort and money expended to reach this this spot but there is a definite sense of pilgrimage, of paying homage to some strange but recognizable gods of our distant human past"

 

 

WAKEFIELD MUSEUM

DISCOVERING ANCIENT EGYPT

23rd September 05 - 23rd April 06

DAILY TELEGRAPH

4-5-05

"A 2.300 year old mummy, decribed as the possibly the most finely decorated ever found, was unveiled by Egyptian archeologists yesterday."

It lay within the Necropolis of King Teti, a funerary area containing scenes of burial chambers, and will be displayed at Saqqara's Imhotep Museum"

 

3
THE
33
15
6
10
NECROPOLIS
126
54
9
2
OF
21
12
3
4
TETI
54
18
9
19
Add to Reduce
234
99
27
1+2
-
2+3+4
9+9
2+7
3
Reduce to Deduce
9
18
9
-
-
-
1+8
-
3
Essence of Number
9
9
9

 

 

WAKEFIELD MUSEUM

DISCOVERING ANCIENT EGYPT

23rd September 05 - 23rd April 06

YORKSHIRE POST

4-5-05

"FACE FROM THE PAST"

"A richly decorated mummy dating back more than 2,300 years is pictured on its wooden sarcophagus, at Egypt's Saqqara Pyramids complex south of Cairo"

 

 

WAKEFIELD MUSEUM

DISCOVERING ANCIENT EGYPT

23rd September 05 - 23rd April 06

YORKSHIRE POST

9-3-05

"Scan solves riddle of King Tuts murder"

EGYPTIAN KING TUTANKHAMUN

was not murdered 3,500 years ago, a CT scan on his remains has revealed.

 

 

WAKEFIELD MUSEUM

DISCOVERING ANCIENT EGYPT

23rd September 05 - 23rd April 06

SCIENTIFIC AMERICAN

updated from the 1996 issue

Page 68

Daily Life in Ancient Egypt

Andre G Mc Dowell

"Workmen and their families lived some 3000 years ago in the village now known as"

"Deir el Medina"

 

DEIR EL MEDINA

 

-
DEIR EL MEDINA
-
-
-
-
DE
9
9
9
-
I
9
9
9
-
R
18
9
9
-
EL
17
8
8
-
ME
18
9
9
-
D
4
4
4
-
I
9
9
9
-
NA
15
6
6
12
DEIR EL MEDINA
99
63
63
1+2
-
9+9
6+3
6+3
3
DEIR EL MEDINA
18
9
9
-
-
1+8
-
-
3
DEIR EL MEDINA
9
9
9

 

 

-
DEIR EL MEDINA
-
-
-
-
DE
9
9
9
-
I
9
9
9
-
R
18
9
9
-
EL
17
8
8
-
ME
18
9
9
-
DINA
28
19
1
12
DEIR EL MEDINA
99
63
45
1+2
-
9+9
6+3
4+5
3
DEIR EL MEDINA
18
9
9
-
-
1+8
-
-
3
DEIR EL MEDINA
9
9
9

 

 

-
DEIR EL MEDINA
-
-
-
-
DEIR
36
27
9
-
EL
17
8
8
-
MEDINA
46
28
1
12
DEIR EL MEDINA
99
63
18
1+2
-
9+9
6+3
4+5
3
DEIR EL MEDINA
18
9
9
-
-
1+8
-
-
3
DEIR EL MEDINA
9
9
9

 

 

THE KORAN

Everyman

Translated from the Arabic by

J. M. Rodwell

1909

Page 431

SURA 1

"The word Sura occurs nine times in the Koran"

THE WORD SURA OCCUR NINE TIMES IN THE KORAN

 

 

WAKEFIELD MUSEUM

DISCOVERING ANCIENT EGYPT

23rd September 05 - 23rd April 06

THE INDEPENDENT

14th June 2005

Page 25

WORLD

"Scientist cultivate date palm from 2,000 year old seed"

Donald Macintyre

"The fortress of Masada on the Dead Sea, where archaeologists unearthed ancient seeds."

"The plant which has grown to almost 12" came from a seed found during excavations at the ancient desert fortress of Masada where 960 Jewish zealots committed suicide rather than surrender to the Romans AD 73.

"We think that ancient medicines from the past can be the medicines of the future."

 

 

WAKEFIELD MUSEUM

DISCOVERING ANCIENT EGYPT

23rd September 05 - 23rd April 06

Information Notice

LIVING BY THE NILE

"The entire way of life in ancient Egypt depended on the River Nile which flows through Egypt from South to North."

"BLACK LAND and RED LAND"

"The Egyptians called their country

'KEMET'

which meant

'BLACK LAND'

This was the narrow strip of fertile river bank along the nile. Beyond that was 'Red Land' or Deshret'

(from which we get our word desert)

LIVING BY THE NILE

"Those who see the Nile when it surges tremble the meadows laugh and the river's bank are flooded. The gods offerings descend. the faces of the people are bright and the hearts of the gods rejoice!"

Spell 581 from the

OLD KINGDOM PYRAMID TEXTS

2350 BC.

 

-
KEMET
-
-
-
-
K
11
2
2
-
EM
18
9
9
-
ET
25
7
7
12
KEMET
54
18
18
1+2
-
5+4
1+8
4+5
3
KEMET
9
9
9

 

 

WAKEFIELD MUSEUM

DISCOVERING ANCIENT EGYPT

23rd September 05 - 23rd April 06

Information Notice

THE END OF EGYPT

"How can a man who has been a member of the senate

sink so low as to go around with a rattle in his hand and dogs mask over his head"

Christian bishop Cyprian writing about Roman worshipping

ISIS AND ANUBIS

c ad 248"

ANUBIS

THE

DOG GOD

FOX

A

NUMBER

IS

 

6
ANUBIS
66
21
3
3
THE
33
15
6
3
DOG
26
17
8
3
FOX
45
18
9
3
GOD
26
17
8
18
F
196
88
34
1+8
-
1+9+6
8+8
3+4
9
16
16
7
-
-
1+6
1+6
-
9
-
7
7
7

 

 

-
6
A
N
U
B
I
S
-
-
-
-
-
--
-
-
-
-
-
5
-
-
9
1
+
=
15
1+5
=
6
-
6
-
`-
-
14
-
-
9
19
+
=
42
4+2
=
6
-
6
-
6
A
N
U
B
I
S
-
-
-
-
-
--
-
-
-
-
1
-
3
2
-
-
+
=
6
-
=
6
-
6
-
`-
1
-
21
2
-
-
+
=
24
2+4
=
6
-
6
-
6
A
N
U
B
I
S
-
-
-
-
-
--
-
-
-
`-
1
14
21
2
9
19
+
=
66
6+6
=
12
1+2
3
-
-
1
5
3
2
9
1
+
=
21
2+1
=
3
-
3
-
6
A
N
U
B
I
S
-T
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
--
-
1
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
1
occurs
x
2
=
2
-
-
-
-
-
2
-
-
-
-
2
occurs
x
1
=
2
-
-
-
-
3
-
-
-
-
-
3
occurs
x
1
=
3
4
-
-
-
3
-
-
-
-
-
4
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
5
-
-
-
-
-
-
5
occurs
x
1
=
5
6
-
-
-
3
-
-
-
-
-
6
-
-
-
-
-
7
-
-
-
3
-
-
-
-
-
7
-
-
-
-
-
8
-
-
-
3
-
-
-
-
-
8
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
9
-
-
-
9
occurs
x
1
=
9
25
6
A
N
U
B
I
S
-
-
20
-
1
6
-
21
2+5
-
-
-
-
-
9
-
-
-
2+0
-
-
-
-
2+1
7
6
A
N
U
B
I
S
-
-
2
-
-
6
-
3

 

 

3
A
N
U
-
-
-
-
-
--
-
1
14
21
+
=
36
3+6
=
9
-
1
5
3
+
=
9
-
=
9
3
A
N
U
-
-
-
-
-
--
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
5
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
3
-
-
-
-
-
-
3
A
N
U
T
-
-
--
--
--

 

 

SAINT JOHN'S CHURCH

WAKEFIELD

MEMORIAL

TO THE GLORY OF

GOD

IN REMEMBERANCE OF THE MEN FROM WRENTHORPE COLLIERY

WHO FELL IN THE GREAT WAR

1914 - 1918

THEY LOVED NOT THEIR LIVES UNTO THE DEATH

 

 

DAILY MAIL

Friday, January 20, 2006

David Wilkes and Andrew Levy

Page 20

"90 years on love letters of soldier's sweetheart have a happy ending"

 

 

DAILY MAIL

Friday, January 20, 2006

By Steve Doughty Social Affairs Correspondent

Page 13

"Nine in ten career women would put family before work"

"More than nine out of ten career woman would rather spend more time with their families than be promoted

 

"Nine in ten"

"More than nine out of ten. . ."

 

 

DIAGNOSIS OF MAN

Kenneth Walker 1943

Page 139

"Karma-yoga is the form of yoga that, if it were available, would be most applicable to European and American conditions of life. The principles that it inculcates would not only eliminate that state of fear and anxiety in which nine out of ten of us live, but actually increase the efficiency of the active life to which we are inevitably committed."

"nine out of ten"

 

 

DAILY MAIL

Monday, May 1, 2006

Ian Drury

"Injured man dies after six-hour 999 delay in sending ambulance "

"A MAN died after police and ambulance crews took six hours to respond to 999 calls that he was lying unconscious in a street"

"He dialled 999 and told Staffordshire Ambulance Service..."

"It is not clear why the ambulance service did not send paradamedics after the first 999 call."

 

 

REACH FOR TOMORROW

Arthurc C. Clarke 1956

Introduction

"Unlike authors of so-called mainstream fiction, the. writer of science fiction has the responsibility (often an embarrassing one) of confronting his readers every decade or so, to report on how his ideas have stood the test of time. This, of course, is one excellent reason for setting stories in the very distant future. Then there's no need to explain - or to apologize.
In the case of this volume, much of which was conceived, if not written, almost half a century ago, I'm happy to find relatively few embarrassments. However, I have made some interesting discoveries; for instance, on the very first page of the very first story, I see the number 9000. I've no idea why I selected it again for HAL's serial number, twenty years later. . .

Page 90

THE AWAKENING

"Twenty miles away to the west, rainbow-hued in the sunlight, the upper peaks of the artificial mountain that was City Nine floated above the clouds."

 

 

OF TIME AND STARS

Arthur C. Clarke 1972

THE NINE BILLION NAMES OF GOD

Page 15 (Number omitted)

This is a slightly unusual request,' said Dr Wagner, with what he hoped was commendable restraint. 'As far as 1 know, it's the first time anyone's been asked to supply a Tibetan monasterf with an Automatic Sequence Computer. 1 don't wish to be inquisitive, but 1 should hardly have thought that your - ah - establishment had much use for such a machine. Could you explain just what you intend to do with it?'
'Gladly,' replied the lama, readjusting his silk robes and carefully putting away the slide rule he had been using for currency conversions. 'Your Mark V Computer can carry out.any routine mathematical operation involving up to ten digits. However, for our work we are interested in letters, not numbers. As we wish you to modify the output circuits, the machine will be printing words, not columns of figures.'
'I don't quite understand...'
'This is a project on which we have been working for the last three centuries - since the lamasery was founded, in fact. It is somewhat alien to your way of thought, so 1 hope you will listen with an open mind while 1 explain it
'Naturally:
'It is really quite simple. We have been compiling a list which shall contain all the possible names of God
'I beg your pardon?'

Page 16

'We have reason to believe/ continued the lama imper­turbably, 'that all such names can be written with not more than nine letters in an alphabet we have devised.'
'And you have been doing this for three"centuries?'
'Yes: we expected it would take us about fifteen thousand years to complete the task.'
'Oh,' Dr Wagner looked a little dazed. 'Now I see why you wanted to hire one of our machines. But what exactly is the purpose of this project?'
The lama hesitated for a fraction of a second, and Wagner wondered if he had offended him. If so, there was no trace of annoyance in the reply.
'Call it ritual, if you like, but it's a fundamental part of our belief. All the many names of the Supreme Being - God,
Jehova, Allah: and so on - they are only man-made labels. There is a philosophical problem of some difficulty here, which I do not propose to discuss, but somewhere among all the possible combinations of letters that can occur are what one may call the real names of God? By systematic per­mutation of letters, we have been trying to list them all.'
'I see. You've been starting at AAAAAAA . . . and work­ing up to ZZZZZZZZ . . .'


INTO THE COMET

Page 68

"Pickett's fingers danced over the beads, sliding them up and down the wires with lightning speed. There were twelve wires in all, so that the abacus could handle numbers up to 999,999,999,999 - or could be divided into separate sections where several ndependent calculations could be carried out simultaneously."

 

 

RAMAH II

Arthur C. Clarke & Gentry Lee 1989

Page 9

"Again humanity looked outward, toward the stars, and the deep philosophical questions raised by the first Rama were again debated by the populace on Earth. As the new visitor drew nearer and its physical characteristics were more carefully resolved by the host of sensors aimed in its direction, it was confirmed that this alien spacecraft, at least from the outside, was identical to its predecessor. Rama had returned. Mankind had a second appointment with destiny."

Page 178 (number omitted)

"Cosmonaut Wakefield is remarkably well adjusted"

"Wakefield knew more than any member of the faculty..."

"Wakefield exhibits none of the anti social behaviour..."

"...Wakefield and rubbed her eyes."

 

Page179

"the Wakefield dossier"

"and Wakefield"

"Wakefield"

Page 180

"Wakefield's intelligence rating..."

"So what about Wakefield ? she asked herself "

"She resolved to talk to Wakefield."

Enlisting Wakefield for support"

Page 182

" '"It is time to sleep in Rama,' she intoned. She looked up and around her. The lights in this amazing world came on unexpectedly about nine hours ago, showing us in more detail the elaborate handiwork of our intelligent cousins from across the stars.' "

Page

"Did God make the colours?."

" "You know,' he said at length to Cosmonauts Wakefield and. . . "

Page 184

"Wakefield was engrossed"

"But all nine sections are not absolutely the same

"...Wakefield, standing up with a satisfied smile"

 

 

WHY SMASH ATOMS

A. K. Solomon 1940

VAN DE GRAAFF GENERATOR

Page 77

"Once the fairy tale hero has penetrated -the ring of fire round the magic mountain he is free to woo the heroine in her castle on the mountain top."

 

 

2061

ODYSSEY THREE

Arthur C. Clarke 1987

Page 13 (number 0mitted)

"THE MAGIC MOUNTAIN"

 

 

THE MAGIC MOUNTAIN

Thomas Mann 1924

THE THUNDERBOLT

Page

"There is our friend, there is Hans Castorp! We recognize him at a distance, by the little beard he assumed 'while sitting at the " bad" Russian table. Like all the others, he is wet through and glowing. He is running, his feet heavy with mould, the bayonet swinging in his, hand. Look! He treads on the hand of a fallen .comrade; with his hobnailed boot he treads the hand deep into the slirny, branch-strewn ground. But it is he. What, singing? As one sings, unaware, staring stark ahead, yes, thus. he spends his hurrying breath, to sing half soundlessly:

" And loving words I've carven
Upon its branches fair-"

He stumbles, No, he has flung himself down, a hell-hound is coming howling, a huge explosive shell, a disgusting sugar-loaf from the infernal regions. . He lies with his face in the cool mire, legs. sprawled out, feet twisted, heels turned down. The product of a perverted science, laden with death, slopes earthward thirty paces in front of him and buries its nose in the ground; explodes inside there,. with hideous expense of power, and raises up a fountain high as a house, of mud, fire, iron, molten metal~ scattered fragments of humanity. Where it fell, two youths had lain, friends who in their need flung themselves down together - now they are scattered, commingled and gone.
Shame of our shadow-safety! Away! No more!-But our friend? Was he hit? He thought so, for the moment. A great clod of earth struck him on the shin, it hurt, but he smiles at it. Up he gets, and staggers on, limping on his earth-bound feet, all unconsciously singing:


"Its waving branches whiispered
A message in my ear - "

and thus, in the tumult, in the rain, in the dusk, vanishes out of our sight.
Farewell, honest Hans Castorp, farewell, Life's delicate child!
Your tale is told. We have told it to the end, and it was neither short nor long, but hermetic
. We have told it for its own sake, not for yours, for you were simple. But after all, it was your story, it befell you, you must have more in you than we thought; we will not disclaim the pedagogic weakness we conceived for / Page 716 / you in the telling; which could even lead us to press a finger delicately to our eyes at the thought that we shall see you no more, hear you no more for ever.
Farewell - and if thou livest or diest! Thy prospects are poor. The desperate dance, in. which thy fortunes are caught up, will last yet many a sinful year; we should not care to set a high stake on thy life by the time it ends. We even confess that it is without great concern we leave the question open. Adventures of the flesh and in the spirit, while enhancing thy simplicity, granted thee to know in the spirit what in the flesh thou scarcely couldst have done. Moments there were, when out of death, and the rebellion of the flesh, there came to thee, as thou tookest stock of thyself, a dream of love. Out of this universal feast of death, out of this extremity of fever, kindling. the rain-washed evening sky to a fiery glow, may it be that Love one day shall mount?


FINIS OPERIS

 

 

WHO ARE YOU

?

 

 

I

AM

THE JOURNEY MAN

 

 

I

AM

YOU DO YOU

NOT

RECOGNISE

ME

MIRROR MIRROR

ON THE WALL WHAT DO YOU THINK GAZING OUT ON IT ALL

4 9 9 9 6 9 9 4 9 9 9 6 9 9 4 9 9 9 6 9 9 4 9 9 9 6 9 9 4 9 9 9 6 9 9 4 9 9 9 6 9 9

MIRRORED MIRRORED MIRRORED MIRRORED MIRRORED MIRRORED

I AM THE OPPOSITE OF THE OPPOSITE I AM THE OPPOSITE OF OPPOSITE IS THE AM I ALWAYS AM

 

 

20 Bible verses about Ark Of The Covenant - Knowing Jesus – Bible
https://bible.knowing-jesus.com/topics/ark-of-the-covenant

1 Samuel 6:19 - He struck down some of the men of Beth-shemesh because they had looked into the ark of the LORD. He struck down of all the people, 50070 men, and the people mourned because the LORD had struck the people with a great slaughter.

Hebrews 9:1-5

Now even the first covenant had regulations of divine worship and the earthly sanctuary.

Jeremiah 3:16

"It shall be in those days when you are multiplied and increased in the land," declares the LORD, "they will no longer say, 'The ark of the covenant of the LORD.' And it will not come to mind, nor will they remember it, nor will they miss it, nor will it be made again.

 

2 Samuel 6:1-23

Now David again gathered all the chosen men of Israel, thirty thousand.

 

Ark Of The Covenant, Construction

Exodus 25:10-16

"They shall construct an ark of acacia wood two and a half cubits long, and one and a half cubits wide, and one and a half cubits high.

 

Ark Of The Covenant, Contents

Hebrews 9:3-4

Behind the second veil there was a tabernacle which is called the Holy of Holies,

 

Ark Of The Covenant, Description

Exodus 25:22

"There I will meet with you; and from above the mercy seat, from between the two cherubim which are upon the ark of the testimony, I will speak to you about all that I will give you in commandment for the sons of Israel.

 

Ark Of The Covenant, Events

Joshua 6:4-16

"Also seven priests shall carry seven trumpets of rams' horns before the ark; then on the seventh day you shall march around the city seven times, and the priests shall blow the trumpets.

 

Ark Of The Covenant, Function

Deuteronomy 10:5
"Then I turned and came down from the mountain and put the tablets in the ark which I had made; and there they are, as the LORD commanded me."

 

Ark Of The Covenant, Names For

Numbers 10:33


Thus they set out from the mount of the LORD three days' journey, with the ark of the covenant of the LORD journeying in front of them for the three days, to seek out a resting place for them.

 

Ark Of The Covenant, Purpose

Exodus 25:16

"You shall put into the ark the testimony which I shall give you.

 

2 Chronicles 35:3

He also said to the Levites who taught all Israel and who were holy to the LORD, "Put the holy ark in the house which Solomon the son of David king of Israel built; it will be a burden on your shoulders no longer. Now serve the LORD your God and His people Israel.

 

1 Kings 8:9

There was nothing in the ark except the two tablets of stone which Moses put there at Horeb, where the LORD made a covenant with the sons of Israel, when they came out of the land of Egypt.

 

Exodus 25:22

"There I will meet with you; and from above the mercy seat, from between the two cherubim which are upon the ark of the testimony, I will speak to you about all that I will give you in commandment for the sons of Israel.

 

Revelation 11:19

And the temple of God which is in heaven was opened; and the ark of His covenant appeared in His temple, and there were flashes of lightning and sounds and peals of thunder and an earthquake and a great hailstorm.

 

Numbers 10:33

Thus they set out from the mount of the LORD three days' journey, with the ark of the covenant of the LORD journeying in front of them for the three days, to seek out a resting place for them.

 

Exodus 37:1-9

 

Now Bezalel made the ark of acacia wood; its length was two and a half cubits, and its width one and a half cubits, and its height one and a half cubits;

 

2 Samuel 6:12-16

Now it was told King David, saying, "The LORD has blessed the house of Obed-edom and all that belongs to him, on account of the ark of God." David went and brought up the ark of God from the house of Obed-edom into the city of David with gladness.

 

 

Joshua 3:6

Verse Concepts

And Joshua spoke to the priests, saying, "Take up the ark of the covenant and cross over ahead of the people." So they took up the ark of the covenant and went ahead of the people.

 

1 Kings 3:15

Verse Concepts

Then Solomon awoke, and behold, it was a dream And he came to Jerusalem and stood before the ark of the covenant of the Lord, and offered burnt offerings and made peace offerings, and made a feast for all his servants.

 

Bible Theasaurus

Ark (240 instances)
Covenant (346 instances

 

 


PALINDROME | meaning in the Cambridge English Dictionary
https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/palindrome

› a word or group of words that is the same when you read it forwards from the beginning or backwards from the end: ... The only known non-palindromic number whose cube is a palindrome is 2201. ... When the reversal is identical to the original, the word or phrase is called a phonetic ...

 

Palindrome - Wikipedia
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Palindrome

A palindrome is a word, number, phrase, or other sequence of characters which reads the same backward as forward, such as madam or racecar or the number 10801. ... Composing literature in palindromes is an example of constrained writing.
"Palindromes" redirects here. For the film, see Palindromes (film).
A palindrome is a word, number, phrase, or other sequence of characters which reads the same backward as forward, such as madam or racecar or the number 10801. Sentence-length palindromes may be written when allowances are made for adjustments to capital letters, punctuation, and word dividers, such as "A man, a plan, a canal, Panama!", "Was it a car or a cat I saw?" or "No 'x' in Nixon".
Composing literature in palindromes is an example of constrained writing.
The word "palindrome" was coined by the English playwright Ben Jonson in the 17th century from the Greek roots palin (p????; "again") and dromos (d?óµ??;

HISTORY

Palindromes date back at least to 79 AD, as a palindrome was found as a graffito at Herculaneum, a city buried by ash in that year. This palindrome, called the Sator Square, consists of a sentence written in Latin: "Sator Arepo Tenet Opera Rotas" ("The sower Arepo holds with effort the wheels"). It is remarkable for the fact that the first letters of each word form the first word, the second letters form the second word, and so forth. Hence, it can be arranged into a word square that reads in four different ways: horizontally or vertically from either top left to bottom right or bottom right to top left. As such, they can be referred to as palindromatic.[citation needed]

A palindrome with the same square property is the Hebrew palindrome, "We explained the glutton who is in the honey was burned and incinerated", (????? ????? ????? ????? ?????; perashnu: ra`avtan shebad'vash nitba`er venisraf), credited to Abraham ibn Ezra in 1924,[1] and referring to the halachic question as to whether a fly landing in honey makes the honey treif (non-kosher).

Palindrome on the font at St Martin, Ludgate
The palindromic Latin riddle "In girum imus nocte et consumimur igni" ("we go in a circle at night and are consumed by fire") describes the behavior of moths. It is likely that this palindrome is from medieval rather than ancient times. The second word, borrowed from Greek, should properly be spelled gyrum.

Byzantine Greeks often inscribed the palindrome, "Wash [the] sins, not only [the] face" ????? ????????? ?? ????? ???? ("Nipson anomemata me monan opsin", engraving "ps" with the single Greek letter ?, psi), on baptismal fonts; a variant, also a palindrome, replaces the plural ????????? ("sins") by the singular ??????? ("sin"). This practice was continued in many English churches. Examples include the font at St. Mary's Church, Nottingham and also the font in the basilica of St. Sophia, Constantinople, the font of St. Stephen d'Egres, Paris; at St. Menin's Abbey, Orléans; at Dulwich College; and at the following churches: Worlingworth (Suffolk), Harlow (Essex), Knapton (Norfolk), St Martin, Ludgate (London), and Hadleigh (Suffolk).

Famous palindromes[edit]

Some well-known English palindromes are, "Able was I ere I saw Elba",[2] "A man, a plan, a canal – Panama",[3] "Madam, I'm Adam" and "Never odd or even".

English palindromes of notable length include mathematician Peter Hilton's "Doc, note: I dissent. A fast never prevents a fatness. I diet on cod"[4] and Scottish poet Alastair Reid's "T. Eliot, top bard, notes putrid tang emanating, is sad; I'd assign it a name: gnat dirt upset on drab pot toilet."[5]

Characters, words, or lines[edit]

The most familiar palindromes in English are character-unit palindromes. The characters read the same backward as forward. Some examples of palindromic words are redivider, deified, civic, radar, level, rotor, kayak, reviver, racecar, redder, madam, and refer.

There are also word-unit palindromes in which the unit of reversal is the word ("Is it crazy how saying sentences backwards creates backwards sentences saying how crazy it is?"). Word-unit palindromes were made popular in the recreational linguistics community by J. A. Lindon in the 1960s. Occasional examples in English were created in the 19th century. Several in French and Latin date to the Middle Ages.[6]

There are also line-unit palindromes.[7][clarification needed]

Sentences and phrases[edit]

Palindromes often consist of a sentence or phrase, e.g., "Mr. Owl ate my metal worm", "Was it a car or a cat I saw?", "Murder for a jar of red rum" or "Go hang a salami, I'm a lasagna hog". Punctuation, capitalization, and spaces are usually ignored. Some, such as "Rats live on no evil star", "Live on time, emit no evil", and "Step on no pets", include the spaces.

Semordnilap[edit]

Semordnilap (palindromes spelled backward) is a name coined for words that spell a different word in reverse. The word was coined by Martin Gardner in his notes to C.C. Bombaugh's book Oddities and Curiosities of Words and Literature in 1961.[8] Semordnilap is itself a semordnilap.

An example of this is the word stressed, which is desserts spelled backward.

"Noon" is a palindrome but not a semordnilap because it is the same word whether spelled backward or forward.

Some semordnilaps are deliberate creations; an example in electronics (although rarely used now) is the mho, a unit of electrical conductance, which is ohm spelled backwards, the unit of electrical resistance and the reciprocal of conductance. Similarly, the daraf, a unit of elastance, is farad spelled backwards, the unit of capacitance and the reciprocal of elastance.

Semordnilaps are also known as emordnilaps,[9] word reversals, reversible anagrams,[10] heteropalindromes, semi-palindromes, half-palindromes, reversgrams, mynoretehs, volvograms, or anadromes.[11][12][13] They have also sometimes been called antigrams,[11] though this term usually refers to anagrams which have opposite meanings. In 2017, a six-year-old Canadian named Levi Budd called this a levidrome, which garnered support into making it a word from celebrities William Shatner and Patricia Arquette[14] As of October 2018, none of these terms have been accepted as official entries in the Oxford English Dictionary.[15]

Names[edit]

Some names are palindromes, such as the given names Hannah, Ada, Anna, Bob, Nitin and Otto, or the surnames Harrah, Renner, Salas and Nenonen. Lon Nol (1913–1985) was Prime Minister of Cambodia. Nisio Isin is a Japanese novelist and manga writer, whose pseudonym (?? ??, Nishio Ishin) is a palindrome when romanized using the Kunrei-shiki or the Nihon-shiki systems, and is often written as NisiOisiN to emphasize this. Some people have changed their name in order to make of it a palindrome (such as actors Robert Trebor and Steve Evets and rock-vocalist Ola Salo), while others were given a palindromic name at birth (such as the philologist Revilo P. Oliver or the flamenco dancer Sara Baras).

There are also palindromic names in fictional media. "Stanley Yelnats" is the name of a character in Holes, a 1998 novel and 2003 film. Four of the fictional Pokémon species have palindromic names in English (Eevee, Girafarig, Ho-Oh, and Alomomola).

The 1970s pop band ABBA is a palindrome using the starting letter of the first name of each of the four band members.

Numbers[edit]

Main article: Palindromic number

Main article: Periodic continued fraction

A palindromic number is a number whose digits, with decimal representation usually assumed, are the same read backward, for example, 5885. They are studied in recreational mathematics where palindromic numbers with special properties are sought. A palindromic prime is a palindromic number that is a prime number, for example, 191 and 313.

The continued fraction of vn + ?vn? is a repeating palindrome when n is an integer, where essentially, for any positive x, ?x? denotes the integer part of x.

The question of whether Lychrel numbers exist is an unsolved problem in mathematics about whether all numbers become palindromes when they are continuously reversed and added. For example, 56 is not a Lychrel number as 56 + 65 = 121, and 121 is a palindrome. The number 59 becomes a palindrome after three iterations: 59 + 95 = 154; 154 + 451 = 605; 605 + 506 = 1111, so 59 is not a Lychrel number either. Numbers such as 196 are thought to never become palindromes when this reversal process is carried out and are therefore suspected to be Lychrel numbers. If a number is not a Lychrel number, it is called a "delayed palindrome" (56 has a delay of 1 and 59 has a delay of 3). In January 2017 the number 1,999,291,987,030,606,810 was published in OEIS as A281509, and described as "The Largest Known Most Delayed Palindrome", with a delay of 261. Several smaller 261-delay palindromes were published separately as A281508.

Remarkably, a 2018 paper has demonstrated that every positive integer can be written as the sum of three palindromic numbers in every number system with base 5 or greater.[16]

In speech[edit]
"Une Slave valse nue" played forward and backward

Problems playing this file? See media help.

A phonetic palindrome is a portion of speech that is identical or roughly identical when reversed. It can arise in context where language is played with, for example in slang dialects like verlan.[17] In French, there is the phrase une Slave valse nue ("a Slavic woman waltzes naked"), phonemically /yn slav vals ny/.[18] John Oswald discussed his experience of phonetic palindromes while working on audio tape versions of the cut-up technique using recorded readings by William S. Burroughs.[19][20] A list of phonetic palindromes discussed by word puzzle columnist O.V. Michaelson include "crew work"/"work crew", "dry yard", "easy", "Funny enough", "Let Bob tell", "new moon", "selfless", "Sorry, Ross", "Talk, Scott", "to boot", "top spot" (also an orthographic palindrome), "Y'all lie", "You're caught. Talk, Roy", and "You're damn mad, Roy".[21]
Long palindromes[edit]

The longest palindromic word in the Oxford English Dictionary is the onomatopoeic tattarrattat, coined by James Joyce in Ulysses (1922) for a knock on the door.[26][27] The Guinness Book of Records gives the title to detartrated, the preterite and past participle of detartrate, a chemical term meaning to remove tartrates. Rotavator, a trademarked name for an agricultural machine, is often listed in dictionaries. The term redivider is used by some writers, but appears to be an invented or derived term—only redivide and redivision appear in the Shorter Oxford Dictionary. Malayalam, a language of southern India, is of equal length.

In English, two palindromic novels have been published: Satire: Veritas by David Stephens (1980, 58,795 letters), and Dr Awkward & Olson in Oslo by Lawrence Levine (1986, 31,954 words).[28] What is better known is the 224-word long poem "Dammit I'm Mad" by Demetri Martin.[29]

According to Guinness World Records, the Finnish 19-letter word saippuakivikauppias (a soapstone vendor), is the world's longest palindromic word in everyday use.

Biological structures[edit]

Main article: Palindromic sequence

Palindrome of DNA structure
A: Palindrome, B: Loop, C: Stem
In most genomes or sets of genetic instructions, palindromic motifs are found. The meaning of palindrome in the context of genetics is slightly different, however, from the definition used for words and sentences. Since the DNA is formed by two paired strands of nucleotides, and the nucleotides always pair in the same way (Adenine (A) with Thymine (T), Cytosine (C) with Guanine (G)), a (single-stranded) sequence of DNA is said to be a palindrome if it is equal to its complementary sequence read backward. For example, the sequence ACCTAGGT is palindromic because its complement is TGGATCCA, which is equal to the original sequence in reverse complement.

A palindromic DNA sequence may form a hairpin. Palindromic motifs are made by the order of the nucleotides that specify the complex chemicals (proteins) that, as a result of those genetic instructions, the cell is to produce. They have been specially researched in bacterial chromosomes and in the so-called Bacterial Interspersed Mosaic Elements (BIMEs) scattered over them. Recently[when?] a research genome sequencing project discovered that many of the bases on the Y-chromosome are arranged as palindromes.[31] A palindrome structure allows the Y-chromosome to repair itself by bending over at the middle if one side is damaged.

It is believed that palindromes frequently are also found in proteins,[32][33] but their role in the protein function is not clearly known. It has recently[34] been suggested that the prevalence existence of palindromes in peptides might be related to the prevalence of low-complexity regions in proteins, as palindromes frequently are associated with low-complexity sequences. Their prevalence might also be related to an alpha helical formation propensity of these sequences,[34] or in formation of proteins/protein complexes.[35]

Computation theory[edit]

In automata theory, a set of all palindromes in a given alphabet is a typical example of a language that is context-free, but not regular. This means that it is impossible for a computer with a finite amount of memory to reliably test for palindromes. (For practical purposes with modern computers, this limitation would apply only to impractically long letter-sequences.)

In addition, the set of palindromes may not be reliably tested by a deterministic pushdown automaton which also means that they are not LR(k)-parsable or LL(k)-parsable. When reading a palindrome from left-to-right, it is, in essence, impossible to locate the "middle" until the entire word has been read completely.

 

 

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REAL REALITY REVEALED HAVE I MENTIONED GODS DIVINE THOUGHT HAVE I MENTIONED

THAT

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4

 

 

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9
2
T+Y
45
9
9
7
REALITY
90
36
36
-
-
9+0
3+6
3+6
7
REALITY
9
9
9

 

 

-
REVEALED
-
-
-
1
R
18
9
9
2
E+V
27
9
9
3
E+A+L
18
9
9
2
E+D
9
9
9
8
REVEALED
72
36
36
-
-
7+2
3+6
3+6
8
REVEALED
9
9
9

 

 

-
REAL
-
-
-
1
R
18
9
9
3
E+A+L
18
9
9
-
REALITY
-
-
-
1
R
18
9
9
3
E+A+L
18
9
9
1
I
9
9
9
2
T+Y
45
9
9
12
REVEALED
-
-
-
1
R
18
9
9
2
E+V
27
9
9
3
E+A+L
18
9
9
2
E+D
9
9
9
19
First Total
198
90
36
1+9
Add to Reduce
1+9+8
9+0
3+6
10
Second Total
18
9
9
1+0
Reduce to Deduce
1+8
-
-
1
Essence of Number
9
9
9

 

 

4
REAL
36
18
9
7
REALITY
90
36
9
8
REVEALED
72
36
9
19
First Total
198
90
27
1+9
Add to Reduce
1+9+8
9+0
2+7
10
Second Total
18
9
9
1+0
Reduce to Deduce
1+8
-
-
1
Essence of Number
9
9
9

 

 

-
-
-
-
-
REAL REALITY REVEALED
-
-
-
R
=
18
=
9
R
18
9
9
-
-
-
-
-
E+A+L
18
9
9
R
=
18
=
9
R
18
9
9
-
-
-
-
-
E+A+L
18
9
9
-
-
-
-
-
I
9
9
9
-
-
-
-
-
T+Y
45
9
9
R
=
18
=
9
R
18
9
9
-
-
-
-
-
E+V
27
9
9
-
-
-
-
-
E+A+L
18
9
9
-
-
-
-
-
E+D
9
9
9
-
-
54
-
27
REAL REALITY REVEALED
-
-
-
-
-
5+4
-
2+7
-
-
-
-
-
-
9
-
9
REAL REALITY REVEALED
-
-
-

 

 

12
REVEALED
-
-
-
1
R
18
9
9
2
E+V
27
9
9
3
E+A+L
18
9
9
2
E+D
9
9
9
8
REVEALED
72
36
36
-
-
7+2
3+6
3+6
8
REVEALED
9
9
9

 

I

SAY

SEE THE R IN ELEVATION REVELATION

SEE THE R IN EVOLUTION REVOLUTION

 

LOVE EVOLVE LOVE 9999999 LOVE EVOLVE LOVE

 

G
=
7
-
5
GRAND
44
26
8
U
=
3
-
7
UNIFIED
68
41
5
T
=
2
-
6
THEORY
91
37
1
-
-
12
-
18
Add to Reduce
203
104
14
-
-
1+2
-
1+8
Reduce to Deduce
2+0+3
1+0+4
1+4
-
-
3
-
9
Essence of Number
5
5
5

 

Theory of everything - Wikipedia

en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Theory_of_everything

Several Grand Unified Theories (GUTs) have been proposed to unify electromagnetism and the weak and strong forces. Grand unification would imply the ...
?Name · ?Historical antecedents · ?Modern physics · ?Arguments against

Grand Unified Theory - Wikipedia

en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Grand_Unified_Theory

A Grand Unified Theory (GUT) is a model in particle physics in which, at high energies, the ... Theory of everything · Mathematical universe hypothesis; Grand Unified Theory; Technicolor · Kaluza–Klein theory · Quantum field theory · Quantum ... ?Motivation · ?Unification of matter ... · ?Unification of forces and ... · ?Proposed

 

Theory of everything - Wikipedia
en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Theory_of_everything

A theory of everything (TOE or ToE), final theory, ultimate theory, or master theory is a ... Stephen Hawking was originally a believer in the Theory of Everything, but after considering Gödel's Theorem, he concluded that one was not obtainable. ?Name · ?Historical antecedents · ?Modern physics · ?Arguments against

 

G
=
7
-
5
GRAND
44
26
8
U
=
3
-
7
UNIFIED
68
41
5
T
=
2
-
6
THEORY
91
37
1
-
-
12
-
18
Add to Reduce
203
104
14
-
-
1+2
-
1+8
Reduce to Deduce
2+0+3
1+0+4
1+4
-
-
3
-
9
Essence of Number
5
5
5

 

 

-
-
-
-
-
GRAND UNIFIED THEORY
-
-
-
-
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
G
=
7
-
5
GRAND
44
26
8
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
U
=
3
-
7
UNIFIED
68
41
5
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
T
=
2
-
6
THEORY
91
37
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
12
-
18
GRAND UNIFIED THEORY
203
104
14
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
G
=
7
1
1
G
7
7
7
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
7
-
-
R
=
9
2
1
R
18
9
9
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
9
A
=
1
3
1
A
1
1
1
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
N
=
5
4
1
N
14
5
5
-
-
-
-
-
5
-
-
-
-
D
=
4
5
1
D
4
4
4
-
-
-
-
4
-
-
-
-
-
-
26
-
5
-
44
26
26
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
U
=
3
6
1
U
21
3
3
-
-
-
3
-
-
-
-
-
-
N
=
5
7
1
N
14
5
5
-
-
-
-
-
5
-
-
-
-
I
=
9
8
1
I
9
9
9
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
9
F
=
6
9
1
F
6
6
6
-
-
-
-
-
-
6
-
-
-
I
=
9
10
1
I
9
9
9
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
9
E
=
5
11
1
E
5
5
5
-
-
-
-
-
5
-
-
-
-
D
=
4
12
1
D
4
4
4
-
-
-
-
4
-
-
-
-
-
-
41
-
7
-
68
41
41
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
T
=
2
13
1
T
20
2
2
-
-
2
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
H
=
8
14
1
H
8
8
8
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
8
-
E
=
5
15
1
E
5
5
5
-
-
-
-
-
5
-
-
-
-
O
=
6
16
1
O
15
6
6
-
-
-
-
-
-
6
-
-
-
R
=
9
17
1
R
18
9
9
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
9
O
=
7
18
1
Y
15
6
6
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
7
-
-
-
37
-
7
-
91
37
37
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
GRAND UNIFIED THEORY
-
-
-
-
1
2
3
8
20
12
14
8
27
G
=
7
-
5
GRAND
44
26
8
-
-
-
-
-
2+0
1+2
1+4
-
2+7
U
=
3
-
7
UNIFIED
68
41
5
-
1
2
3
8
2
3
5
8
9
T
=
2
-
6
THEORY
91
37
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
12
-
18
GRAND UNIFIED THEORY
203
104
14
-
1
2
3
8
2
3
5
8
9
-
-
1+2
-
1+8
-
1+7+1
8+1
1+4
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
Q
-
3
-
18
GRAND UNIFIED THEORY
9
9
5
-
1
2
3
8
2
3
5
8
9

 

 

-
-
-
-
-
GRAND UNIFIED THEORY
-
-
-
-
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
G
=
7
-
5
GRAND
44
26
8
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
U
=
3
-
7
UNIFIED
68
41
5
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
T
=
2
-
6
THEORY
91
37
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
12
-
18
GRAND UNIFIED THEORY
203
104
14
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
G
=
7
1
1
G
7
7
7
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
7
-
-
R
=
9
2
1
R
18
9
9
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
9
A
=
1
3
1
A
1
1
1
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
N
=
5
4
1
N
14
5
5
-
-
-
-
-
5
-
-
-
-
D
=
4
5
1
D
4
4
4
-
-
-
-
4
-
-
-
-
-
U
=
3
6
1
U
21
3
3
-
-
-
3
-
-
-
-
-
-
N
=
5
7
1
N
14
5
5
-
-
-
-
-
5
-
-
-
-
I
=
9
8
1
I
9
9
9
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
9
F
=
6
9
1
F
6
6
6
-
-
-
-
-
-
6
-
-
-
I
=
9
10
1
I
9
9
9
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
9
E
=
5
11
1
E
5
5
5
-
-
-
-
-
5
-
-
-
-
D
=
4
12
1
D
4
4
4
-
-
-
-
4
-
-
-
-
-
T
=
2
13
1
T
20
2
2
-
-
2
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
H
=
8
14
1
H
8
8
8
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
8
-
E
=
5
15
1
E
5
5
5
-
-
-
-
-
5
-
-
-
-
O
=
6
16
1
O
15
6
6
-
-
-
-
-
-
6
-
-
-
R
=
9
17
1
R
18
9
9
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
9
O
=
7
18
1
Y
15
6
6
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
7
-
-
-
37
-
7
-
91
37
37
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
GRAND UNIFIED THEORY
-
-
-
-
1
2
3
8
20
12
14
8
27
G
=
7
-
5
GRAND
44
26
8
-
-
-
-
-
2+0
1+2
1+4
-
2+7
U
=
3
-
7
UNIFIED
68
41
5
-
1
2
3
8
2
3
5
8
9
T
=
2
-
6
THEORY
91
37
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
12
-
18
GRAND UNIFIED THEORY
203
104
14
-
1
2
3
8
2
3
5
8
9
-
-
1+2
-
1+8
-
1+7+1
8+1
1+4
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
Q
-
3
-
18
GRAND UNIFIED THEORY
9
9
5
-
1
2
3
8
2
3
5
8
9

 

 

-
-
-
-
-
GRAND UNIFIED THEORY
-
-
-
-
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
G
=
7
-
5
GRAND
44
26
8
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
U
=
3
-
7
UNIFIED
68
41
5
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
T
=
2
-
6
THEORY
91
37
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
12
-
18
GRAND UNIFIED THEORY
203
104
14
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
A
=
1
3
1
A
1
1
1
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
T
=
2
13
1
T
20
2
2
-
-
2
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
U
=
3
6
1
U
21
3
3
-
-
-
3
-
-
-
-
-
-
D
=
4
12
1
D
4
4
4
-
-
-
-
4
-
-
-
-
-
D
=
4
5
1
D
4
4
4
-
-
-
-
4
-
-
-
-
-
N
=
5
4
1
N
14
5
5
-
-
-
-
-
5
-
-
-
-
N
=
5
7
1
N
14
5
5
-
-
-
-
-
5
-
-
-
-
E
=
5
11
1
E
5
5
5
-
-
-
-
-
5
-
-
-
-
E
=
5
15
1
E
5
5
5
-
-
-
-
-
5
-
-
-
-
F
=
6
9
1
F
6
6
6
-
-
-
-
-
-
6
-
-
-
O
=
6
16
1
O
15
6
6
-
-
-
-
-
-
6
-
-
-
O
=
7
18
1
Y
15
6
6
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
7
-
-
G
=
7
1
1
G
7
7
7
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
7
-
-
H
=
8
14
1
H
8
8
8
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
8
-
R
=
9
2
1
R
18
9
9
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
9
I
=
9
8
1
I
9
9
9
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
9
I
=
9
10
1
I
9
9
9
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
9
R
=
9
17
1
R
18
9
9
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
9
-
37
-
7
-
91
37
37
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
GRAND UNIFIED THEORY
-
-
-
-
1
2
3
8
20
12
14
8
27
G
=
7
-
5
GRAND
44
26
8
-
-
-
-
-
2+0
1+2
1+4
-
2+7
U
=
3
-
7
UNIFIED
68
41
5
-
1
2
3
8
2
3
5
8
9
T
=
2
-
6
THEORY
91
37
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
12
-
18
GRAND UNIFIED THEORY
203
104
14
-
1
2
3
8
2
3
5
8
9
-
-
1+2
-
1+8
-
1+7+1
8+1
1+4
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
Q
-
3
-
18
GRAND UNIFIED THEORY
9
9
5
-
1
2
3
8
2
3
5
8
9

 

LETTERS TRANSPOSED INTO NUMBER RE-ARRANGED NUMERICALLY

 

 

I

SAY

THEE SEE E SEE SEE THAT SEE

 

I

SAY

TH55 S55 5 S55 S55 THAT S55

 

 

-
-
-
-
-
THE HUMAN EGO
-
-
-
T
=
2
-
3
THE
33
15
6
H
=
8
-
5
HUMAN
57
21
3
E
=
5
-
3
EGO
27
18
9
-
-
15
-
11
THE HUMAN EGO
117
54
18
-
-
1+5
-
1+1
-`
1+1+7
5+4
1+8
-
-
6
-
2
THE HUMAN EGO
9
9
9

 

 

-
-
-
-
-
THE HUMAN EGO
-
-
-
-
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
T
=
2
-
3
THE
33
15
6
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
H
=
8
-
5
HUMAN
57
21
3
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
E
=
5
-
3
EGO
27
18
9
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
15
-
11
THE HUMAN EGO
117
54
18
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
T
=
2
1
1
T
20
2
2
-
-
2
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
H
=
8
2
1
H
8
8
8
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
8
-
E
=
5
3
1
E
5
5
5
-
-
-
-
-
5
-
-
-
-
-
15
-
3
-
33
15
15
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
H
=
8
4
1
H
8
8
8
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
8
-
U
=
3
5
1
U
21
3
3
-
-
-
3
-
-
-
-
-
-
M
=
4
6
1
M
13
4
4
-
-
-
-
4
-
-
-
-
-
A
=
1
7
1
A
1
1
1
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
N
=
5
8
1
N
14
5
5
-
-
-
-
-
5
-
-
-
-
-
21
-
3
-
57
21
21
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
E
=
5
9
1
E
5
5
5
-
-
-
-
-
5
-
-
-
-
G
=
7
10
1
G
7
7
7
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
7
-
-
O
=
6
11
1
O
15
6
6
-
-
-
-
-
-
6
-
-
-
-
18
-
3
-
27
18
18
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
THE HUMAN EGO
-
-
-
-
1
2
3
4
15
6
7
16
9
T
=
2
-
3
THE
33
15
6
-
-
-
-
-
1+5
-
-
1+6
-
H
=
8
-
5
HUMAN
57
21
3
-
1
2
3
4
6
6
7
7
9
E
=
5
-
3
EGO
27
18
9
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
15
-
11
THE HUMAN EGO
117
54
18
-
1
2
3
4
6
6
7
7
9
-
-
1+4
-
1+1
-
1+7+1
8+1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
Q
-
5
-
2
THE HUMAN EGO
9
9
9
-
1
2
3
4
6
6
7
7
9

 

 

-
-
-
-
-
THE HUMAN EGO
-
-
-
-
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
T
=
2
-
3
THE
33
15
6
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
H
=
8
-
5
HUMAN
57
21
3
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
E
=
5
-
3
EGO
27
18
9
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
15
-
11
THE HUMAN EGO
117
54
18
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
T
=
2
1
1
T
20
2
2
-
-
2
-
-
-
-
-
-
9
H
=
8
2
1
H
8
8
8
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
8
9
E
=
5
3
1
E
5
5
5
-
-
-
-
-
5
-
-
-
9
H
=
8
4
1
H
8
8
8
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
8
9
U
=
3
5
1
U
21
3
3
-
-
-
3
-
-
-
-
-
9
M
=
4
6
1
M
13
4
4
-
-
-
-
4
-
-
-
-
9
A
=
1
7
1
A
1
1
1
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
9
N
=
5
8
1
N
14
5
5
-
-
-
-
-
5
-
-
-
9
E
=
5
9
1
E
5
5
5
-
-
-
-
-
5
-
-
-
9
G
=
7
10
1
G
7
7
7
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
7
-
9
O
=
6
11
1
O
15
6
6
-
-
-
-
-
-
6
-
-
9
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
THE HUMAN EGO
-
-
-
-
1
2
3
4
15
6
7
16
9
T
=
2
-
3
THE
33
15
6
-
-
-
-
-
1+5
-
-
1+6
-
H
=
8
-
5
HUMAN
57
21
3
-
1
2
3
4
6
6
7
7
9
E
=
5
-
3
EGO
27
18
9
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
15
-
11
THE HUMAN EGO
117
54
18
-
1
2
3
4
6
6
7
7
9
-
-
1+4
-
1+1
-
1+7+1
8+1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
Q
-
5
-
2
THE HUMAN EGO
9
9
9
-
1
2
3
4
6
6
7
7
9

 

 

-
-
-
-
-
THE HUMAN EGO
-
-
-
-
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
T
=
2
-
3
THE
33
15
6
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
H
=
8
-
5
HUMAN
57
21
3
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
E
=
5
-
3
EGO
27
18
9
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
15
-
11
THE HUMAN EGO
117
54
18
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
A
=
1
7
1
A
1
1
1
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
9
T
=
2
1
1
T
20
2
2
-
-
2
-
-
-
-
-
-
9
U
=
3
5
1
U
21
3
3
-
-
-
3
-
-
-
-
-
9
M
=
4
6
1
M
13
4
4
-
-
-
-
4
-
-
-
-
9
E
=
5
3
1
E
5
5
5
-
-
-
-
-
5
-
-
-
9
N
=
5
8
1
N
14
5
5
-
-
-
-
-
5
-
-
-
9
E
=
5
9
1
E
5
5
5
-
-
-
-
-
5
-
-
-
9
O
=
6
11
1
O
15
6
6
-
-
-
-
-
-
6
-
-
9
G
=
7
10
1
G
7
7
7
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
7
-
9
H
=
8
2
1
H
8
8
8
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
8
9
H
=
8
4
1
H
8
8
8
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
8
9
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
THE HUMAN EGO
-
-
-
-
1
2
3
4
15
6
7
16
9
T
=
2
-
3
THE
33
15
6
-
-
-
-
-
1+5
-
-
1+6
-
H
=
8
-
5
HUMAN
57
21
3
-
1
2
3
4
6
6
7
7
9
E
=
5
-
3
EGO
27
18
9
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
15
-
11
THE HUMAN EGO
117
54
18
-
1
2
3
4
6
6
7
7
9
-
-
1+4
-
1+1
-
1+7+1
8+1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
Q
-
5
-
2
THE HUMAN EGO
9
9
9
-
1
2
3
4
6
6
7
7
9

 

LETTERS TRANSPOSED INTO NUMBER RE-ARRANGED NUMERICALLY

 

HUMANITY

 

-
-
10
-
9
HUMANITY
95
41
5
-
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
H
=
8
-
1
H
8
8
8
-
-
-
-
-
-
6
-
8
-
U
=
3
-
1
U
21
3
3
-
-
-
3
-
-
6
-
-
-
M
=
4
-
1
M
13
4
4
-
-
-
-
4
-
6
-
-
-
A
=
1
-
1
A
1
1
1
-
1
-
-
-
-
6
-
-
-
N
=
5
-
1
N
14
5
5
-
-
-
-
-
5
6
-
-
-
I
=
9
-
1
I
9
9
9
-
-
-
-
-
-
6
-
-
9
T
=
2
-
1
T
20
2
2
-
-
2
-
-
-
6
-
-
-
Y
=
7
-
1
Y
25
7
7
-
-
-
-
-
-
6
7
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
10
-
9
HUMANITY
111
39
39
-
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
-
-
1+0
-
-
-
1+1+1
3+9
3+9
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
9
HUMANITY
3
12
12
-
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1+2
1+2
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
9
HUMANITY
3
3
3
-
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9

 

HUMANITY

 

-
-
10
-
9
HUMANITY
95
41
5
-
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
A
=
1
-
1
A
1
1
1
-
1
-
-
-
-
6
-
-
-
T
=
2
-
1
T
20
2
2
-
-
2
-
-
-
6
-
-
-
U
=
3
-
1
U
21
3
3
-
-
-
3
-
-
6
-
-
-
M
=
4
-
1
M
13
4
4
-
-
-
-
4
-
6
-
-
-
N
=
5
-
1
N
14
5
5
-
-
-
-
-
5
6
-
-
-
Y
=
7
-
1
Y
25
7
7
-
-
-
-
-
-
6
7
-
-
H
=
8
-
1
H
8
8
8
-
-
-
-
-
-
6
-
8
-
I
=
9
-
1
I
9
9
9
-
-
-
-
-
-
6
-
-
9
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
10
-
9
HUMANITY
111
39
39
-
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
-
-
1+0
-
-
-
1+1+1
3+9
3+9
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
9
HUMANITY
3
12
12
-
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1+2
1+2
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
9
HUMANITY
3
3
3
-
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9

 

 

-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
T
=
2
-
3
THE
33
15
6
-
-
-
-
-
-
6
-
-
-
S
=
1
-
6
SPIRIT
91
37
1
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
I
=
9
-
2
IS
28
10
1
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
W
=
5
-
7
WILLING
86
41
5
-
-
-
-
-
5
-
-
-
-
B
=
2
-
3
BUT
43
7
7
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
7
-
-
T
=
2
-
3
THE
33
15
6
-
-
-
-
-
-
6
-
-
-
F
=
6
-
5
FLESH
50
23
5
-
-
-
-
-
5
-
-
-
-
I
=
9
-
2
IS
28
10
1
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
W
=
5
-
4
WEAK
40
13
4
-
-
-
-
4
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
41
-
35
Add to Reduce
432
171
36
-
1
2
3
4
5
12
7
8
9
-
-
4+1
-
3+5
Reduce to Deduce
4+3+2
1+7+1
3+6
-
-
-
-
-
-
1+2
-
-
-
-
-
5
-
8
Essence of Number
9
9
9
-
1
2
3
4
5
3
7
8
9

 

 

THE HOLY GRAIL

 

 

P
=
7
-
4
PAST
56
20
2
P
=
7
-
7
PRESENT
97
43
7
F
=
6
-
6
FUTURE
91
28
1
S
-
20
4
17
First Total
244
92
10
-
-
2+0
-
1+7
Add to Reduce
2+4+4
7+3
1+0
S
-
2
4
8
Second Total
10
10
1
-
-
-
-
-
Reduce to Deduce
1+0
1+0
-
-
-
2
-
8
Essence of Number
1
1
1

 

 

-
-
-
-
-
PAST PRESENT FUTURE
-
-
-
P
=
7
-
4
PAST
56
20
2
P
=
7
-
7
PRESENT
97
43
7
F
=
6
-
6
FUTURE
91
28
1
S
-
20
4
17
PAST PRESENT FUTURE
244
92
10
-
-
2+0
-
1+7
-`
2+4+4
7+3
1+0
S
-
2
4
8
PAST PRESENT FUTURE
10
10
1
-
-
-
-
-
-`
1+0
1+0
-
-
-
2
-
8
PAST PRESENT FUTURE
1
1
1

 

 

-
-
-
-
-
PAST PRESENT FUTURE
-
-
-
-
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
P
=
7
-
4
PAST
56
20
2
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
P
=
7
-
7
PRESENT
97
43
7
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
F
=
6
-
6
FUTURE
91
28
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
S
-
20
4
17
PAST PRESENT FUTURE
244
92
10
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
P
=
7
1
1
P
16
7
7
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
7
-
-
A
=
1
2
1
A
1
1
1
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
S
=
1
3
1
S
19
10
1
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
T
=
2
4
1
T
20
2
2
-
-
2
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
15
-
3
-
56
20
11
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
P
=
7
5
1
P
16
7
7
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
7
-
-
R
=
9
6
1
R
18
9
9
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
9
E
=
5
7
1
E
5
5
5
-
-
-
-
-
5
-
-
-
-
S
=
1
8
1
S
19
10
1
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
E
=
5
9
1
E
5
5
5
-
-
-
-
-
5
-
-
-
-
N
=
5
10
1
N
14
5
5
-
-
-
-
-
5
-
-
-
-
T
=
2
11
1
T
20
2
2
-
-
2
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
34
-
3
-
97
43
34
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
F
=
6
12
1
F
6
6
6
-
-
-
-
-
-
6
-
-
-
U
=
3
13
1
U
21
3
3
-
-
-
3
-
-
-
-
-
-
T
=
2
14
1
T
20
2
2
-
-
2
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
U
=
3
15
1
U
21
3
3
-
-
-
3
-
-
-
-
-
-
R
=
9
16
1
R
18
9
9
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
9
E
=
5
17
1
E
5
5
5
-
-
-
-
-
5
-
-
-
-
-
28
-
3
-
91
28
28
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
PAST PRESENT FUTURE
-
-
-
-
3
6
6
4
20
6
7
8
18
P
=
7
-
4
PAST
56
20
2
-
-
-
-
-
2+0
-
-
-
1+8
P
=
7
-
7
PRESENT
97
43
7
-
3
6
6
4
2
6
7
8
6
F
=
6
-
6
FUTURE
91
28
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
S
-
20
4
17
PAST PRESENT FUTURE
244
92
10
-
3
6
6
4
2
6
7
8
6
-
-
2+0
-
1+7
-`
2+4+4
7+3
1+0
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
S
-
2
4
8
PAST PRESENT FUTURE
10
10
1
-
3
6
6
4
2
6
7
8
6
-
-
-
-
-
-`
1+0
1+0
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
2
-
8
PAST PRESENT FUTURE
1
1
1
-
3
6
6
4
2
6
7
8
6

 

 

-
-
-
-
-
PAST PRESENT FUTURE
-
-
-
-
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
P
=
7
-
4
PAST
56
20
2
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
P
=
7
-
7
PRESENT
97
43
7
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
F
=
6
-
6
FUTURE
91
28
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
S
-
20
4
17
PAST PRESENT FUTURE
244
92
10
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
P
=
7
1
1
P
16
7
7
-
-
-
-
4
-
-
7