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A

MAZE

IN

ZAZAZA ENTER AZAZAZ

AZAZAZAZAZAZAZZAZAZAZAZAZAZA

ZAZAZAZAZAZAZAZAZAAZAZAZAZAZAZAZAZAZ

THE

MAGICALALPHABET

ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZZYXWVUTSRQPONMLKJIHGFEDCBA

12345678910111213141516171819202122232425262625242322212019181716151413121110987654321

 

 

WORK DAYS OF GOD

Herbert W Morris D.D.circa 1883

Page 22

"As all the words in the English language are composed out of the twenty-six letters of the alphabet,.."

 

 

LIGHT AND LIFE

Lars Olof Bjorn 1976

Page 197

"By writing the 26 letters of the alphabet in a certain order one may put down almost any message (this book 'is written with the same letters' as the Encyclopaedia Britannica and Winnie the Pooh, only the order of the letters differs). In the same way Nature is able to convey with her language how a cell and a whole organism is to be constructed and how it is to function. Nature has succeeded better than we humans; for the genetic code there is only one universal language which is the same in a man, a bean plant and a bacterium."

"BY WRITING THE 26 LETTERS OF THE ALPHABET IN A CERTAIN ORDER

ONE MAY PUT DOWN ALMOST ANY MESSAGE"

 

 

A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
I
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
 =
 =
 =
 =
 =
 =
 =
 =
=
 =
 =
 =
 =
 =
 =
 =
 =
=
J
K
L
M
N
O
P
Q
R
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
1+0
1+1
1+2
1+3
1+4
1+5
1+6
1+7
1+8
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
 =
 =
 =
 =
 =
 =
 =
 =
=
 =
 =
 =
 =
 =
 =
 =
 =
=
S
T
U
V
W
X
Y
Z
I
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
9
1+9
2+0
2+1
2+2
2+3
2+4
2+5
2+6
ME
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
 =
 =
 =
 =
 =
 =
 =
 =
=
 =
 =
 =
 =
 =
 =
 =
 =
=
I
ME
I
ME
I
ME
I
ME
I
9
18
9
18
9
18
9
18
9
=
1+8
=
1+8
=
1+8
=
1+8
=
=
9
=
9
=
9
=
9
=
I
ME
I
ME
I
ME
I
ME
1
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
I
ME
I
ME
I
ME
I
ME
1

 

 

"BY WRITING THE 26 LETTERS OF THE ALPHABET IN A CERTAIN ORDER

ONE MAY PUT DOWN ALMOST ANY MESSAGE"

 

 

A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
I
J
K
L
M
N
O
P
Q
R
S
T
U
V
W
X
Y
Z
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1+0 1+1 1+2 1+3 1+4 1+5 1+6 1+7 1+8 1+9 2+0 2+1 2+2 2+3 2+4 2+5 2+6
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
I
J
K
L
M
N
O
P
Q
R
S
T
U
V
W
X
Y
Z
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
 -
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
I
J
K
L
M
N
O
P
Q
R
S
T
U
V
W
X
Y
Z
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
I
J
K
L
M
N
O
P
Q
R
S
T
U
V
W
X
Y
Z

 

 

A

HISTORY OF GOD

Karen Armstrong 1993

The God of the Mystics

Page 250

"Perhaps the most famous of the early Jewish mystical texts is the fifth century Sefer Yezirah (The Book of Creation). There is no attempt to describe the creative process realistically; the account is unashamedly symbolic and shows God creating the world by means of language as though he were writing a book. But language has been entirely transformed and the message of creation is no longer clear. Each letter of the Hebrew alphabet is given a numerical value; by combining the letters with the sacred numbers, rearranging them in endless configurations, the mystic weaned his mind away from the normal connotations of words."

 

THIS IS THE SCENE OF THE SCENE UNSEEN

THE UNSEEN SEEN OF THE SCENE UNSEEN THIS IS THE SCENE

 

 

3
THE
33
15
6
4
MIND
40
22
4
2
OF
21
12
3
9
HUMANKIND
95
41
5
18
First Total
189
90
18
1+8
Add to Reduce
1+8+9
9+0
1+8
9
Second Total
18
9
9
-
Reduce to Deduce
1+8
-
-
9
Essence of Number
9
9
9

 

 

THE

FAR YONDER SCRIBE

AND OFT TIMES SHADOWED SUBSTANCES WATCHED IN FINE AMAZE

THE

ZED ALIZ ZED

IN

SWIFT REPEAT SCATTER STAR DUST AMONGST THE LETTERS OF THEIR PROGRESS

 

 

NUMBER

9

THE SEARCH FOR THE SIGMA CODE

Cecil Balmond 1998

Cycles and Patterns

Page 165

Patterns

"The essence of mathematics is to look for patterns.

Our minds seem to be organised to search for relationships and sequences. We look for hidden orders.

These intuitions seem to be more important than the facts themselves, for there is always the thrill at finding something, a pattern, it is a discovery - what was unknown is now revealed. Imagine looking up at the stars and finding the zodiac!

Searching out patterns is a pure delight.

Suddenly the counters fall into place and a connection is found, not necessarily a geometric one, but a relationship between numbers, pictures of the mind, that were not obvious before. There is that excitement of finding order in something that was otherwise hidden.

And there is the knowledge that a huge unseen world lurks behind the facades we see of the numbers themselves."

 

 

FINGERPRINTS OF THE GODS

A QUEST FOR THE BEGINNING AND THE END

Graham Hancock 1995

Chapter 32

Speaking to the Unborn

Page 285

"It is understandable that a huge range of myths from all over the ancient world should describe geological catastrophes in graphic detail. Mankind survived the horror of the last Ice Age, and the most plausible source for our enduring traditions of flooding and freezing, massive volcanism and devastating earthquakes is in the tumultuous upheavals unleashed during the great meltdown of 15,000 to 8000 BC. The final retreat of the ice sheets, and the consequent 300-400 foot rise in global sea levels, took place only a few thousand years before the beginning of the historical period. It is therefore not surprising that all our early civilizations should have retained vivid memories of the vast cataclysms that had terrified their forefathers.
Much harder to explain is the peculiar but distinctive way the myths of cataclysm seem to bear the intelligent imprint of a guiding hand.l Indeed the degree of convergence between such ancient stories is frequently remarkable enough to raise the suspicion that they must all have been 'written' by the same 'author'.
Could that author have had anything to do with the wondrous deity, or superhuman, spoken of in so many of the myths we have reviewed, who appears immediately after the world has been shattered by a horrifying geological catastrophe and brings comfort and the gifts of civilization to the shocked and demoralized survivors?
White and bearded, Osiris is the Egyptian manifestation of this / Page 286 / universal figure, and it may not be an accident that one of the first acts he is remembered for in myth is the abolition of cannibalism among the primitive inhabitants of the Nile Valley.2 Viracocha, in South America, was said to have begun his civilizing mission immediately after a great flood; Quetzalcoatl, the discoverer of maize, brought the benefits of crops, mathematics, astronomy and a refined culture to Mexico after the Fourth Sun had been overwhelmed by a destroying deluge.
Could these strange myths contain a record of encounters between scattered palaeolithic tribes which survived the last Ice Age and an as yet unidentified high civilization which passed through the same epoch?
And could the myths be attempts to communicate?

A message in the bottle of time"

'Of all the other stupendous inventions,' Galileo once remarked,

what sublimity of mind must have been his who conceived how to communicate his most secret thoughts to any other person, though very distant either in time or place, speaking with those who are in the Indies, speaking to those who are not yet born, nor shall be this thousand or ten thousand years? And with no greater difficulty than the various arrangements of two dozen little signs on paper? Let this be the seal of all the admirable inventions of men.3

If the 'precessional message' identified by scholars like Santillana, von Dechend and Jane Sellers is indeed a deliberate attempt at communication by some lost civilization of antiquity, how come it wasn't just written down and left for us to find? Wouldn't that have been easier than encoding it in myths? Perhaps.
Nevertheless, suppose that whatever the message was written on got destroyed or worn away after many thousands of years? Or suppose that the language in which it was inscribed was later forgotten utterly (like the enigmatic Indus Valley script, which has been studied closely for more than half a century but has so far resisted all attempts at decoding)? It must be obvious that in such circumstances a written / Page 287 / legacy to the future would be of no value at all, because nobody would be able to make sense of it.
What one would look for, therefore, would be a universal language, the kind of language that would be comprehensible to any technologically advanced society in any epoch, even a thousand or ten thousand years into the future. Such languages are few and far between, but mathematics is one of them - and the city of Teotihuacan may be the calling-card of a lost civilization written in the eternal language of mathematics.
Geodetic data, related to the exact positioning of fixed geographical points and to the shape and size of the earth, would also remain valid and recognizable for tens of thousands of years, and might be most conveniently expressed by means of cartography (or in the construction of giant geodetic monuments like the Great Pyramid of Egypt, as we shall see).
Another 'constant' in our solar system is the language of time: the great but regular intervals of time calibrated by the inch-worm creep of precessional motion. Now, or ten thousand years in the future, a message that prints out numbers like 72 or 2160 or 4320 or 25,920 should be instantly intelligible to any civilization that has evolved a modest talent for mathematics and the ability to detect and measure the almost imperceptible reverse wobble that the sun appears to make along the ecliptic against the background of the fixed stars..."

"What one would look for, therefore, would be a universal language, the kind of language that would be comprehensible to any technologically advanced society in any epoch, even a thousand or ten thousand years into the future. Such languages are few and far between, but mathematics is one of them"

"WRITTEN IN THE ETERNAL LANGUAGE OF MATHEMATICS"

 

 

-
THE RAINBOW LIGHT
-
-
-
3
THE
33
15
6
7
RAINBOW
82
37
1
5
LIGHT
56
29
2
15
THE RAINBOW LIGHT
171
81
9
1+5
-
1+7+1
8+1
-
6
THE RAINBOW LIGHT
9
9
9

 

 

15
THE RAINBOW LIGHT
-
-
-
-
THE
33
15
6
-
R
18
9
9
-
A
1
1
1
-
I
9
9
9
-
N+B+O+W
54
18
9
-
L
12
3
3
-
I
9
9
9
-
G+H+T
35
17
8
15
THE RAINBOW LIGHT
171
81
54
1+5
-
1+7+1
8+1
5+4
6
THE RAINBOW LIGHT
9
9
9

 

 

THE LIGHT IS RISING RISING IS THE LIGHT

 

 

26
A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
I
J
K
L
M
N
O
P
Q
R
S
T
U
V
W
X
Y
Z
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
8
9
-
-
-
-
5
6
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
6
-
8
+
=
43
4+3
=
7
-
7
-
7
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
8
9
-
-
-
-
14
15
-
-
-
19
-
-
-
-
24
-
26
+
=
115
1+1+5
=
7
-
7
-
7
26
A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
I
J
K
L
M
N
O
P
Q
R
S
T
U
V
W
X
Y
Z
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
-
-
1
2
3
4
-
-
7
8
9
-
2
3
4
5
-
7
-
+
=
83
8+3
=
11
1+1
2
-
2
-
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
-
-
10
11
12
13
-
-
16
17
18
-
20
21
22
23
-
25
-
+
=
236
2+3+6
=
11
1+1
2
-
2
26
A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
I
J
K
L
M
N
O
P
Q
R
S
T
U
V
W
X
Y
Z
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
+
=
351
3+5+1
=
9
-
9
-
9
-
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
+
=
126
1+2+6
=
9
-
9
-
9
26
A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
I
J
K
L
M
N
O
P
Q
R
S
T
U
V
W
X
Y
Z
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
+
=
1
occurs
x
3
=
3
-
3
-
-
2
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
2
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
2
-
-
-
-
-
-
+
=
2
occurs
x
3
=
6
-
6
-
-
-
3
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
3
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
3
-
-
-
-
-
+
=
3
occurs
x
3
=
9
-
9
-
-
-
-
4
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
4
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
4
-
-
-
-
+
=
4
occurs
x
3
=
12
1+2
3
-
-
-
-
-
5
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
5
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
5
-
-
-
+
=
5
occurs
x
3
=
15
1+5
6
-
-
-
-
-
-
6
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
6
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
6
-
-
+
=
6
occurs
x
3
=
18
1+8
9
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
7
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
7
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
7
-
+
=
7
occurs
x
3
=
21
2+1
3
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
8
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
8
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
8
+
=
8
occurs
x
3
=
24
2+4
6
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
9
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
9
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
+
=
9
occurs
x
2
=
18
1+8
9
26
A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
I
J
K
L
M
N
O
P
Q
R
S
T
U
V
W
X
Y
Z
-
-
45
-
-
26
-
126
-
54
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
9
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
9
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
4+5
-
-
2+6
-
1+2+6
-
5+4
26
A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
I
J
K
L
M
N
O
P
Q
R
S
T
U
V
W
X
Y
Z
-
-
9
-
-
8
-
9
-
9
-
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
26
A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
I
J
K
L
M
N
O
P
Q
R
S
T
U
V
W
X
Y
Z
-
-
9
-
-
8
-
9
-
9

 

 

 

 

I

THAT

AM ALWAYS AM

 

THE DEATH OF GODS IN ANCIENT EGYPT

Jane B. Sellars 1992

Page 204

"The overwhelming awe that accompanies the realization, of the measurable orderliness of the universe strikes modern man as well. Admiral Weiland E. Byrd, alone In the Antarctic for five months of polar darkness, wrote these phrases of intense feeling:

Here were the imponderable processes and forces of the cosmos, harmonious and soundless. Harmony, that was it! I could feel no doubt of oneness with the universe. The conviction came that the rhythm was too orderly. too harmonious, too perfect to be a product of blind chance - that, therefore there must be purpose in the whole and that man was part of that whole and not an accidental offshoot. It was a feeling that transcended reason; that went to the heart of man's despair and found it groundless. The universe was a cosmos, not a chaos; man was as rightfully a part of that cosmos as were the day and night.10

Returning to the account of the story of Osiris, son of Cronos god of' Measurable Time, Plutarch takes, pains to remind the reader of the original Egyptian year consisting of 360 days.

Phrases are used that prompt simple mental. calculations and an attention to numbers, for example, the 360-day year is described as being '12 months of 30 days each'. Then we are told that, Osiris leaves on a long journey, during which Seth, his evil brother, plots with 72 companions to slay Osiris: He also secretly obtained the measure of Osiris and made ready a chest in which to entrap him.

The, interesting thing about this part of the-account is that nowhere in the original texts of the Egyptians are we told that Seth, has 72 companions. We have already been encouraged to equate Osiris with the concept of measured time; his father being Cronos. It is also an observable fact that Cronos-Saturn has the longest sidereal period of the known planets at that time, an orbit. of 30 years. Saturn is absent from a specific constellation for that length of time.

A simple mathematical fact has been revealed to any that are even remotely sensitive to numbers: if you multiply 72 by 30, the years of Saturn's absence (and the mention of Osiris's absence prompts one to recall this other), the resulting product is 2,160: the number of years required, for one 30° shift, or a shift: through one complete sign of the zodiac. This number multplied by the /Page205 / 12 signs also gives 25,920. (And Plutarch has reminded us of 12)

If you multiply the unusual number 72 by 360, a number that Plutarch mentions several times, the product will be 25,920, again the number of years symbolizing the ultimate rebirth.

This 'Eternal Return' is the return of, say, Taurus to the position of marking the vernal equinox by 'riding in the solar bark with. Re' after having relinquished this honoured position to Aries, and subsequently to the to other zodiacal constellations.

Such a return after 25,920 years is indeed a revisit to a Golden Age, golden not only because of a remarkable symmetry In the heavens, but golden because it existed before the Egyptians experienced heaven's changeability.

But now to inform the reader of a fact he or she may already know. Hipparaus did: not really have the exact figures: he was a trifle off in his observations and calculations. In his published work, On the Displacement of the Solstitial and Equinoctial Signs, he gave figures of 45" to 46" a year, while the truer precessional lag along the ecliptic is about 50 seconds. The exact measurement for the lag, based on the correct annual lag of 50'274" is 1° in 71.6 years, or 36in 25,776 years, only 144 years less than the figure of 25,920.

With Hipparchus's incorrect figures a 'Great Year' takes from 28,173.9 to 28,800 years, Incorrect by a difference of from 2,397.9 years to 3,024.

Since Nicholas Copernicus (AD 1473-1543) has always been credited with giving the correct numbers (although Arabic astronomer Nasir al-Din Tusi,11 born AD 1201, is known to have fixed the Precession at 50°), we may correctly ask, and with justifiable astonishment 'Just whose information was Plutarch transmitting'

AN IMPORTANT POSTSCRIPT

Of course, using our own notational system, all the important numbers have digits that reduce to that amazing number 9 a number that has always delighted budding mathematician.

Page 206

Somewhere along the way, according to Robert Graves, 9 became the number of lunar wisdom.12

This number is found often in the mythologies of the world. the Viking god Odin hung for nine days and nights on the World Tree in order to acquire the secret of the runes, those magic symbols out of which writing and numbers grew. Only a terrible sacrifice would give away this secret, which conveyed upon its owner power and dominion over all, so Odin hung from his neck those long 9 days and nights over the 'bottomless abyss'. In the tree were 9 worlds, and another god was said to have been born of 9 mothers.

Robert Graves, in his White Goddess, Is intrigued by the seemingly recurring quality of the number 72 in early myth and ritual. Graves tells his reader that 72 is always connected with the number 5, which reflects, among other things, the five Celtic dialects that he was investigating. Of course, 5 x 72= 360, 360 x 72= 25,920. Five is also the number of the planets known to the ancient world, that is, Saturn, Jupiter, Mars, Venus Mercury.

Graves suggests a religious mystery bound up with two ancient Celtic 'Tree Alphabets' or cipher alphabets, which as genuine articles of Druidism were orally preserved and transmitted for centuries. He argues convincingly that the ancient poetry of Europe was ultimately based on what its composers believed to be magical principles, the rudiments of which formed a close religious secret for centuries. In time these were-garbled, discredited and forgotten.

Among the many signs of the transmission of special numbers he points out that the aggregate number of letter strokes for the complete 22-letter Ogham alphabet that he is studying is 72 and that this number is the multiple of 9, 'the number of lunar wisdom'. . . . he then mentions something about 'the seventy day season during which Venus moves successively from. maximum eastern elongation 'to inferior conjunction and maximum western elongation'.13

Page 207

"...Feniusa Farsa, Graves equates this hero with Dionysus Farsa has 72 assistants who helped him master the 72 languages created at the confusion of Babel, the tower of which is said to be built of 9 different materials

We are also reminded of the miraculous translation into Greek of the Five Books of Moses that was done by 72 scholars working for 72 days, Although the symbol for the Septuagint is LXX, legend, according to the fictional letter of Aristeas, records 72. The translation was done for Ptolemy Philadelphus (c.250 BC), by Hellenistic Jews, possibly from Alexandra.14

Graves did not know why this number was necessary, but he points out that he understands Frazer's Golden Bough to be a a book hinting that 'the secret involves the truth that the Christian dogma, and rituals, are the refinement of a great body of primitive beliefs, and that the only original element in Christianity- is the personality of Christ.15

Frances A. Yates, historian of Renaissance hermetisma tells, us the cabala had 72 angels through which the sephiroth (the powers of God) are believed to be approached, and further, she supplies the information that although the Cabala supplied a set of 48 conclusions purporting to confirm the Christian religion from the foundation of ancient wisdom, Pico Della Mirandola, a Renaissance magus, introduced instead 72, which were his 'own opinion' of the correct number. Yates writes, 'It is no accident there are seventy-two of Pico's Cabalist conclusions, for the conclusion shows that he knew something of the mystery of the Name of God with seventy-two letters.'16

In Hamlet's Mill de Santillarta adds the facts that 432,000 is the number of syllables in the Rig-Veda, which when multiplied by the soss (60) gives 25,920" (The reader is forgiven for a bit of laughter at this point)

Thee Bible has not escaped his pursuit. A prominent Assyriologist of the last century insisted that the total of the years recounted
mounted in Genesis for the lifetimes of patriarchs from the Flood also contained the needed secret numbers. (He showed that in the 1,656.years recounted in the Bible there are 86,400 7 day weeks, and dividing this number yields / Page 208 / 43,200.) In Indian yogic schools it is held that all living beings exhale and inhale 21,600 times a day, .multiply this by 2 and again we have.the necessary 432 digits.

Joseph Campbell discerns the secret in the date set for the coming of Patrick to Ireland. Myth-gives this date-as.- the interest-
ing number of AD.432.18

Whatever one may think-of some of these number coincidences, it becomes. difficult to escape the suspicion that many signs (number and otherwise) -indicate that early man observed the results.. of the movement of Precession . and that the-.transmission of this information was .considered of prime importance.

'With the awareness of the phenomenon, observers would certainly have tried for its measure, and such an endeavour would
have constituted the construction-of a 'Unified Field Theory' for nothing .less than Creation itself. Once determined, it would have been information worthy of secrecy and worthy of the passing on to future adepts.

But one last word about mankind's romance with number coincidences.The antagonist in John Updike's novel, Roger's Version, is a computer hacker, who, convinced.,that scientific evidence of God's existence is accumulating, endeavours to prove it by feeding -all the available scientific information. into a comuter. In his search for God 'breaking, through', he has become fascinated by certain numbers that have continually been cropping up. He explains them excitedly as 'the terms of Creation':

"...after a while I noticed that all over the sheet there seemed to hit these twenty-fours Jumping out at me. Two four; two,four.Planck time, for instance, divided by the radiation constant yields a figure near eight times ten again to the negative twenty-fourth, and the permittivity of free space, or electric constant, into the Bohr radiusekla almost exactly six times ten to the negative twenty-fourth. On positive side, the electromagnetic line-structure constant times Hubble radius - that is, the size of the universe as we now perceive it gives us something quite close to ten to the twenty-fourth, and the strong-force constant times the charge on the proton produces two point four times ten to the negative eighteenth, for another I began to circle twenty-four wherever it appeared on the Printout here' - he held it up. his piece of striped and striped wallpaper, decorated / Page 209 / with a number of scarlet circles - 'you can see it's more than random.'19
This inhabitant of the twentieth century is convinced that the striking occurrences of 2 and 4 reveal the sacred numbers by which God is speaking to us.

So much for any scorn directed to ancient man's fascination with number coincidences. That fascination is alive and well, Just a bit more incomprehensible"

 

 

All about the planets in our Solar System. The nine planets that orbit the sun are (in order from the sun): Mercury,Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, ... www.enchantedlearning.com/subjects/astronomy/planets

Our solar system consists of the sun, eight planets, moons, dwarf planets, an asteroid belt, comets, meteors, and others. The sun is the center of our solar system; the planets, their moons, the asteroids, comets, and other rocks and gas all orbit the sun.

The nine planets that orbit the sun are (in order from the sun): Mercury,Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune, and Pluto (a dwarf planet). A belt of asteroids (minor planets made of rock and metal) lies between Mars and Jupiter. These objects all orbit the sun in roughly circular orbits that lie in the same plane, the ecliptic (Pluto is an exception; it has an elliptical orbit tilted over 17° from the ecliptic).

 

 

-
-
-
8
THE ENNEA
72
36
9
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
R
=
9
2
RA
19
10
1
A
=
1
4
ATUM
55
10
1
S
=
1
3
SHU
48
12
3
T
=
2
6
TEFNUT
86
23
5
G
=
7
3
GEB
14
14
5
N
=
5
3
NUT
55
10
1
O
=
6
6
OSIRIS
89
35
8
I
=
9
4
ISIS
56
20
2
S
=
1
3
SET
44
8
8
N
=
5
8
NEPHTHYS
115
43
7
46
-
-
42
-
581
221
41
4+6
-
-
4+2
-
5+8+1
2+2+1
-
10
-
-
6
-
14
5
5
1+0
-
-
-
-
1+4
-
-
1
-
-
6
TO
5
5
5
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
4
ATUM
55
10
1
-
-
-
3
SHU
48
12
3
-
-
-
6
TEFNUT
86
23
5
-
-
-
13
-
189
45
9
-
-
-
1+3
-
1+8+9
4+5
-
-
-
-
4
-
18
9
9
-
-
-
-
-
1+8
-
-
-
-
-
4
-
9
9
9

 

 

-
-
-
-
8
THE ENNEA
72
36
9
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
R
=
9
-
2
RE
23
14
5
A
=
1
-
4
ATUM
55
10
1
S
=
1
-
3
SHU
48
12
3
T
=
2
-
6
TEFNUT
86
23
5
G
=
7
-
3
GEB
14
14
5
N
=
5
-
3
NUT
55
10
1
O
=
6
-
6
OSIRIS
89
35
8
I
=
9
-
4
ISIS
56
20
2
S
=
1
-
3
SET
44
8
8
N
=
5
-
8
NEPHTHYS
115
43
7
46
-
-
-
42
-
585
225
45
4+6
-
-
-
4+2
-
5+8+5
2+2+5
4+5
10
-
-
-
6
-
18
9
9
1+0
-
-
-
-
-
1+8
-
-
1
-
-
-
6
TO
9
9
9
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
4
ATUM
55
10
1
-
-
-
-
3
SHU
48
12
3
-
-
-
-
6
TEFNUT
86
23
5
-
-
-
-
13
-
189
45
9
-
-
-
-
1+3
-
1+8+9
4+5
-
-
-
-
-
4
-
18
9
9
-
-
-
-
-
-
1+8
-
-
-
-
-
-
4
-
9
9
9

 

 

IN SEARCH OF EXTRA TERRESTRIALS

Unsolved UFO sightings... strange secrets of the moon... new evidence that alien astronauts are exploring the earth

Alan Landsburg 1976

Page 79

" The words of J. B. S. Haldane came back to haunt me. He once wrote, "Now my suspicion is that the universe is not only queerer than we suppose, but queerer than we can suppose. I suspect that there are more things in heaven and earth than are dreamed of in any philosophy. That is the reason why I have no philosophy myself, and must be my excuse for dreaming."

 

ADVENT 841 ADVENT

 

 

THINGS, FALL, APART
THE, CENTRE, CANNOT, HOLD
MERE, ANARCHY, IS, LOOSED
AND, EVERYWHERE, THE, CEREMONY, OF, INNOCENCE,
IS DROWNED
THINGS, FALL, APART, THE, CENTRE, CANNOT, HOLD,
MERE, ANARCHY, IS, LOOSED, AND, EVERYWHERE,
THE, CEREMONY, OF, INNOCENCE, IS, DROWNED
GOD, IS, EVERYWHERE, IS, EVERYTHING, IS, ALWAYS
THE, CENTRE, CANNOT, HOLD, AND, THE, CIRCLE, IS,
BROKEN
THE, CIRCLE, OF, THE, CYCLE
THE, CIRCLE, IS, BROKEN
THE CYCLE, THE, CYCLE
THE, CYCLE, UNENDING
MAM CHILD DAD
HERE, IS, THE, BIRD, THAT, NEVER, FLEW
HERE, IS, THE, TREE, THAT, NEVER, GREW
HERE, IS, THE, BELL, THAT, NEVER, RANG
HERE, IS, THE, FISH, THAT, NEVER, SWAM
SHED SHED
CODE
SIGN
SIGNAL, A SIGNAL, SIGNALS
INTELLECT, INTELLIGENCE
HADITHA, HA, D, I, T, HA
MAI, LAI, MASSACRE, MASS, REACTION
I, WANT, TO, BREAK, FREE
ORDERED, ORDER, RED
ORDERED, O, RED, RED
THE, OTHER, WORLD
ANOTHER, WORLD
THE UNDERWORLD
THE, UNDER, WORLD, UNDERWORLD
WAKING, THE, DEAD

 

 

"And now, things fall apart. The centre cannot hold. ... What W. B. Yeats’s ‘Second Coming’ Really Says About the Iraq War - New York Times ... en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Second Coming_(poem)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

"The Second Coming" is a poem by William Butler Yeats first printed in The Dial (November 1920) and afterwards included in his 1921 verse collection Michael Robartes and the Dancer. The poem uses religious symbolism to illustrate Yeats' anguish over the apparent decline of Europe's ruling class, and his occult belief that Western civilization (if not the whole world) was nearing the terminal point of a 2000-year historical cycle.

The poem was written in 1919 in the aftermath of the First World War.[1] The various manuscript revisions of the poem also have references to the French and Irish Revolutions as well as to Germany and Russia. It is highly doubtful that the poem was solely inspired by the Russian Revolution of 1917, which some claim Yeats viewed as a threat to the aristocratic class he favored .[citation needed]

Early drafts also included such lines as: "And there's no Burke to cry aloud no Pitt," and "The good are wavering, while the worst prevail."[citation needed]

The sphinx or sphinx-like beast described in the poem had long captivated Yeats' imagination. He wrote the Introduction to his play The Resurrection, "I began to imagine [around 1904], as always at my left side just out of the range of sight, a brazen winged beast which I associated with laughing, ecstatic destruction", noting that the beast was "Afterwards described in my poem 'The Second Coming'".

Critic Yvor Winters has observed, "…we must face the fact that Yeats' attitude toward the beast is different from ours: we may find the beast terrifying, but Yeats finds him satisfying – he is Yeats' judgment upon all that we regard as civilized. Yeats approves of this kind of brutality."

Manuscript variations can be found in Yeats, William Butler. Michael Robartes and the Dancer Manuscript Materials. Thomas Parkinson and Anne Brannen, eds. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1994.

 

The Poem

Turning and turning in the widening gyre
The falcon cannot hear the falconer;
Things fall apart; the centre cannot hold
Mere anarchy is loosed upon the world,
The blood-dimmed tide is loosed, and everywhere
The ceremony of innocence is drowned;
The best lack all conviction, while the worst
Are full of passionate intensity.
Surely some revelation is at hand;
Surely the Second Coming is at hand.
The Second Coming! Hardly are those words out
When a vast image out of Spiritus Mundi
Troubles my sight: somewhere in sands of the desert
A shape with lion body and the head of a man,
A gaze blank and pitiless as the sun,
Is moving its slow thighs, while all about it
Reel shadows of the indignant desert birds.
The darkness drops again; but now I know
That twenty centuries of stony sleep
Were vexed to nightmare by a rocking cradle,
And what rough beast, its hour come round at last,
Slouches towards Bethlehem to be born?

Origins of terms

The word gyre used in the poem's first line is drawn from Yeats's book A Vision, which sets out a theory of history and metaphysics which Yeats claimed to have received from spirits. The theory of history articulated in A Vision centers on a diagram composed of two conical spirals, one situated inside the other, so that the widest part of one cone occupies the same plane as the tip of the other cone, and vice versa. Around these cones he imagined a set of spirals. Yeats claimed that this image (he called the spirals "gyres") captured contrary motions inherent within the process of history, and he divided each gyre into different regions that represented particular kinds of historical periods (and could also represent the psychological phases of an individual's development). Yeats believed that in 1921 the world was on the threshold of an apocalyptic moment, as history reached the end of the outer gyre (to speak roughly) and began moving along the inner gyre.

In his own notes, Yeats explained: "The end of an age, which always receives the revelation of the character of the next age, is represented by the coming of one gyre to its place of greatest expansion and of the other to that of its greatest contraction. At the present moment the life gyre is sweeping outward, unlike that before the birth of Christ which was narrowing, and has almost reached its greatest expansion. The revelation which approaches will however take its character from the contrary movement of the interior gyre. All our scientific, democratic, fact-accumulating, heterogeneous civilization belongs to the outward gyre and prepares not the continuance of itself but the revelation as in a lightning flash, though in a flash that will not strike only in one place, and will for a time be constantly repeated, of the civilization that must slowly take its place...when the revelation comes it will not come to the poor but to the great and learned and establish again for two thousand years prince and vizier."

The lines "The best lack all conviction, while the worst / Are full of passionate intensity" are a paraphrase of one of the most famous passages from Percy Bysshe Shelley's Prometheus Unbound, a book which Yeats, by his own admission, regarded from his childhood with religious awe:

In each human heart terror survives
The ravin it has gorged: the loftiest fear
All that they would disdain to think were true:
Hypocrisy and custom make their minds
The fanes of many a worship, now outworn.
They dare not devise good for man's estate,
And yet they know not that they do not dare.
 
 
The phrase "stony sleep" is drawn from The Book of Urizen by William Blake (one of the poets Yeats studied most intensely). In Blake's poem, Urizen falls, unable to bear the battle in heaven he has provoked. To ward off the fiery wrath of his vengeful brother Eternals, he frames a rocky womb for himself: "But Urizen laid in a stony sleep / Unorganiz'd, rent from Eternity." During this stony sleep, Urizen goes through seven ages of creation-birth as fallen man, until he emerges. This is the man who becomes the Sphinx of Egypt.

In the early drafts of the poem, Yeats used the phrase "the Second Birth", but substituted the phrase "Second Coming" while revising. His intent in doing so is not clear. The Second Coming described in the Biblical Book of Revelation is here anticipated as gathering dark forces that would fill the population's need for meaning with a ghastly and dangerous sense of purpose. Though Yeats's description has nothing in common with the typically envisioned Christian concept of the Second Coming of Christ, it fits with his view that something strange and heretofore unthinkable would come to succeed Christianity, just as Christ transformed the world upon his appearance.

The "spiritus mundi" (literally "spirit of the world") is a reference to Yeats' belief that each human mind is linked to a single vast intelligence, and that this intelligence causes certain universal symbols to appear in individual minds.

 

 

DAILY MAIL

Wednesday, March 12, 2008

Allison Pearson

Page 15

"It's a bleak picture that brings to mind W.B. Yeats's great poem about a world where the natural order of things has catastrophically broken down:

'Things fall apart; the centre cannot hold;/

Mere anarchy is loosed, and everywhere/

The ceremony of innocence is drowned,'

 

 

T
=
2
6
THINGS
77
32
5
F
=
6
4
FALL
31
13
4
A
=
1
5
APART
56
20
2
-
-
9
15
First Total
164
65
11
-
-
-
1+5
Add to Reduce
1+6+4
6+5
1+1
Q
-
9
6
Second Total
11
11
2
-
-
-
-
Reduce to Deduce
1+1
1+1
-
-
-
9
6
Essence of Number
2
2
2

 

 

T
=
2
3
THE
33
15
6
C
=
3
5
CENTRE
65
29
2
C
=
3
6
CANNOT
67
22
4
H
=
8
4
HOLD
39
21
3
-
-
16
18
First Total
204
87
15
-
-
1+6
1+8
Add to Reduce
2+0+4
8+7
1+5
Q
-
7
9
Second Total
6
15
6
-
-
-
-
Reduce to Deduce
-
1+5
-
-
-
7
9
Essence of Number
6
6
6

 

 

M
=
4
4
MERE
41
23
5
A
=
1
7
ANARCHY
70
34
7
I
=
9
2
IS
28
10
1
L
=
3
6
LOOSED
70
25
7
-
-
17
19
First Total
209
92
20
-
-
1+7
1+9
Add to Reduce
2+0+9
9+2
2+0
Q
-
8
10
Second Total
11
11
2
-
-
-
1+0
Reduce to Deduce
1+1
1+1
-
-
-
8
1
Essence of Number
2
2
2

 

 

A
=
1
3
AND
19
10
1
E
=
5
10
EVERYWHERE
134
62
8
T
=
2
3
THE
33
15
6
C
=
3
8
CEREMONY
98
44
8
O
=
6
2
OF
21
12
3
I
=
9
9
INNOCENCE
82
46
1
I
=
9
2
IS
28
10
1
D
=
4
7
DROWNED
83
38
2
-
-
39
44
First Total
498
237
30
-
-
3+9
4+4
Add to Reduce
4+9+8
2+3+7
3+0
Q
-
12
8
Second Total
21
12
3
-
-
1+2
-
Reduce to Deduce
2+1
1+2
-
-
-
3
8
Essence of Number
3
3
3

 

'Things fall apart; the centre cannot hold;/

Mere anarchy is loosed, and everywhere/

The ceremony of innocence is drowned,'

 

 

T
=
2
6
THINGS
77
32
5
F
=
6
4
FALL
31
13
4
A
=
1
5
APART
56
20
2
T
=
2
3
THE
33
15
6
C
=
3
5
CENTRE
65
29
2
C
=
3
6
CANNOT
67
22
4
H
=
8
4
HOLD
39
21
3
M
=
4
4
MERE
41
23
5
A
=
1
7
ANARCHY
70
34
7
I
=
9
2
IS
28
10
1
L
=
3
6
LOOSED
70
25
7
A
=
1
3
AND
19
10
1
E
=
5
10
EVERYWHERE
134
62
8
T
=
2
3
THE
33
15
6
C
=
3
8
CEREMONY
98
44
8
O
=
6
2
OF
21
12
3
I
=
9
9
INNOCENCE
82
46
1
I
=
9
2
IS
28
10
1
D
=
4
7
DROWNED
83
38
2
-
-
81
96
First Total
1075
481
76
-
-
8+1
9+6
Add to Reduce
1+0+7+5
4+8+1
7+6
Q
-
9
15
Second Total
13
13
13
-
-
-
1+5
Reduce to Deduce
1+3
1+3
1+3
-
-
9
6
Essence of Number
4
4
4

 

 

T
=
2
3
THE
33
15
6
C
=
3
5
CENTRE
65
29
2
C
=
3
6
CANNOT
67
22
4
H
=
8
4
HOLD
39
21
3
A
=
1
3
AND
19
10
1
T
=
2
3
THE
33
15
6
C
=
3
6
CIRCLE
50
32
5
I
=
9
2
IS
28
10
1
B
=
2
6
BROKEN
65
29
2
-
-
33
39
First Total
399
183
30
-
-
3+3
3+9
Add to Reduce
3+9+9
1+8+3
3+0
Q
-
6
12
Second Total
21
12
3
-
-
-
1+2
Reduce to Deduce
2+1
1+2
-
-
-
6
3
Essence of Number
3
3
3

 

 

3
THE
33
15
6
6
CIRCLE
50
32
5
2
IS
28
10
1
6
BROKEN
65
29
2
17
First Total
176
86
14
1+7
Add to Reduce
1+7+6
8+6
1+4
8
Second Total
14
14
5
-
Reduce to Deduce
1+4
1+4
-
8
Essence of Number
5
5
5

 

 

T
=
2
3
THE
33
15
6
C
=
3
6
CIRCLE
50
32
5
O
=
6
2
OF
21
12
3
T
=
2
3
THE
33
15
6
C
=
3
5
CYCLE
48
21
3
-
-
16
19
First Total
185
95
23
-
-
1+6
1+9
Add to Reduce
1+8+5
9+5
2+3
Q
-
7
10
Second Total
14
14
5
-
-
-
1+0
Reduce to Deduce
1+4
1+4
-
-
-
7
1
Essence of Number
5
5
5

 

 

-
THE CYCLE
-
-
-
3
THE
33
15
6
5
CYCLE
48
21
3
8
THE CYCLE
81
36
9
-
-
8+1
3+6
-
8
THE CYCLE
9
9
9

 

 

3
THE
33
15
6
5
CYCLE
48
21
3
8
UNENDING
88
43
7
16
First Total
169
79
16
1+6
Add to Reduce
1+6+9
7+9
1+6
7
Second Total
16
16
7
-
Reduce to Deduce
1+6
1+6
-
7
Essence of Number
7
7
7

 

 

Mam language, alphabet and pronunciation - Omniglot

www.omniglot.com/writing/mam.htm‎

Information about Mam, a Mayan language spoken mainly in parts of Guatemala and Mexico by about half ... Mam (Qyol Mam) ... Mam-English dictionary (PDF)

Mam (Qyol Mam)

Mam is a Mayan language spoken by about half a million people in Guatemala, mainly in the departments of Quetzaltenango, Huehuetenango and San Marcos, and in the Mexican state of Chiapas.

There are three main varieties of Mam: Northern Mam, which is spoken in Huehuetenango; Southern Mam, which is spoken in Quetzaltenango, and Central Mam, which is spoken in San Marcos. Each of these has many sub-dialects and there is considerable variation in the language from village to village, however Mam speakers are able to understand one another reasonably well.

All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.
(Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights)

 

 

ALL HUMAN BEINGS ARE BORN FREE AND EQUAL IN DIGNITY AND RIGHTS.

THEY ARE ENDOWED WITH REASON AND CONSCIENCE

AND SHOULD ACT TOWARDS ONE ANOTHER

IN A SPIRIT OF EQUALITY AND ONENESS

 

 

mam: definition of mam in Oxford dictionary (British & World English)

oxforddictionaries.com/definition/english/mam

Definition of mam in British and World English in Oxford dictionary. Meaning, pronunciation and example sentences. English to English reference content.

mam

Pronunciation: /mam/

Definition of mam

noun
British informal or dialect
one’s mother: my mam would have had a fit if I’d gone out dressed like that [as name]:it was better when Mam was alive

Origin:

late 16th century: perhaps imitative of a child's first syllables (see mama)

 

 

mam - WordReference.com Dictionary of English

www.wordreference.com/definition/mam‎

mam /mæm/ n. informal or dialect another word for mother. 'mam' also found in these entries: In the English description: Forum discussions with the word(s) ...

mam

/mæm/

in Spanish | in French | in Italian | English synonyms | in context | images

Collins Concise English Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers::

mam /mæm/ n informal or dialect
another word for mother1

'mam' also found in these entries:

In the English description:

Forum discussions with the word(s) "mam" in the title:

Madam or Mam
Mam - Welsh English
Mam / Madam
To the Queen: mum or mam?
wam bam thank you mam
wham, bam, thank you, ma'am [wam / mam]
What is polite to say miss/ms/mam.....

 

 

Mam | Define Mam at Dictionary.com

dictionary.reference.com/browse/mam‎

Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2013. Cite This Source. |. Link To mam. Collins. World English ...

mam
[mam] Show IPA

noun
1.
British Informal. mother.

2.
ma'am.

Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2013.
Cite This Source
|
Link To mam

Collins

World English Dictionary

mam (mæm)

— n
informal , dialect or another word for mother

 

 

mam noun - definition in British English Dictionary & Thesaurus ...

dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/british/mam‎

mam noun - definition, audio pronunciation, synonyms and more for mam noun: informal for mum noun: See more in British English Dictionary - Cambridge ...

 

 

M
=
4
-
3
MAM
27
9
9
D
=
4
-
3
DAD
9
9
9
-
-
8
-
6
Add to Reduce
36
18
18
-
-
-
-
-
Reduce to Deduce
3+6
1+8
1+8
-
-
8
-
6
Essence of Number
9
9
9

 

 

M
=
4
-
3
MAM
27
9
9
C
=
3
-
5
CHILD
27
9
9
D
=
4
-
3
DAD
9
9
9
-
-
11
-
11
Add to Reduce
63
27
27
-
-
1+1
-
1+1
Reduce to Deduce
6+3
2+7
2+7
-
-
2
-
2
Essence of Number
9
9
9

 

 

-
11
M
A
M
-
C
H
I
L
D
-
D
A
D
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
8
9
-
-
-
-
-
-
+
=
17
1+7
=
8
=
8
=
8
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
8
9
-
-
-
-
-
-
+
=
17
1+7
=
8
=
8
=
8
-
11
M
A
M
-
C
H
I
L
D
-
D
A
D
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
4
1
4
-
3
-
-
3
4
-
4
1
4
+
=
28
2+8
=
10
1+0
1
=
1
-
-
13
1
13
-
3
-
-
12
4
-
4
1
4
+
=
55
5+5
=
10
1+0
1
=
1
-
11
M
A
M
-
C
H
I
L
D
-
D
A
D
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
13
1
13
-
3
8
9
12
4
-
4
1
4
+
=
72
7+2
=
9
=
9
=
9
-
-
4
1
4
-
3
8
9
3
4
-
4
1
4
+
=
45
4+5
=
9
=
9
=
9
-
11
M
A
M
-
C
H
I
L
D
-
D
A
D
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
1
occurs
x
2
=
2
=
2
2
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
2
TWO
2
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
3
-
-
3
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
3
occurs
x
2
=
6
=
6
-
-
4
-
4
-
-
-
-
-
4
-
4
-
4
-
-
4
occurs
x
5
=
20
2+0
2
5
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
5
FIVE
5
-
-
-
-
-
6
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
6
SIX
6
-
-
-
-
-
7
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
7
SEVEN
7
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
8
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
8
occurs
x
1
=
8
=
8
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
9
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
9
occurs
x
1
=
9
=
9
20
11
M
A
M
-
C
H
I
L
D
-
D
A
D
-
-
25
-
-
11
-
45
-
27
2+0
1+1
4
-
4
-
-
-
-
-
4
-
4
-
4
-
-
2+5
-
-
1+1
-
4+5
-
2+7
2
2
M
A
M
-
C
H
I
L
D
-
D
A
D
-
-
7
-
-
2
-
9
-
9
-
-
4
1
4
-
3
8
9
3
4
-
4
1
4
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
2
2
M
A
M
-
C
H
I
L
D
-
D
A
D
-
-
7
-
-
2
-
9
-
9

 

MAM CHILD DAD

 

-
11
M
A
M
-
C
H
I
L
D
-
D
A
D
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
8
9
-
-
-
-
-
-
+
=
17
1+7
=
8
=
8
=
8
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
8
9
-
-
-
-
-
-
+
=
17
1+7
=
8
=
8
=
8
-
11
M
A
M
-
C
H
I
L
D
-
D
A
D
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
4
1
4
-
3
-
-
3
4
-
4
1
4
+
=
28
2+8
=
10
1+0
1
=
1
-
-
13
1
13
-
3
-
-
12
4
-
4
1
4
+
=
55
5+5
=
10
1+0
1
=
1
-
11
M
A
M
-
C
H
I
L
D
-
D
A
D
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
13
1
13
-
3
8
9
12
4
-
4
1
4
+
=
72
7+2
=
9
=
9
=
9
-
-
4
1
4
-
3
8
9
3
4
-
4
1
4
+
=
45
4+5
=
9
=
9
=
9
-
11
M
A
M
-
C
H
I
L
D
-
D
A
D
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
1
occurs
x
2
=
2
=
2
-
-
-
-
-
-
3
-
-
3
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
3
occurs
x
2
=
6
=
6
-
-
4
-
4
-
-
-
-
-
4
-
4
-
4
-
-
4
occurs
x
5
=
20
2+0
2
-
-
-
-
-
-
8
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
8
occurs
x
1
=
8
=
8
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
9
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
9
occurs
x
1
=
9
=
9
20
11
M
A
M
-
C
H
I
L
D
-
D
A
D
-
-
25
-
-
11
-
45
-
27
2+0
1+1
4
-
4
-
-
-
-
-
4
-
4
-
4
-
-
2+5
-
-
1+1
-
4+5
-
2+7
2
2
M
A
M
-
C
H
I
L
D
-
D
A
D
-
-
7
-
-
2
-
9
-
9
-
-
4
1
4
-
3
8
9
3
4
-
4
1
4
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
2
2
M
A
M
-
C
H
I
L
D
-
D
A
D
-
-
7
-
-
2
-
9
-
9

 

 

dad - definition of dad by the Free Online Dictionary, Thesaurus and ...

www.thefreedictionary.com/dad‎

[childish word; compare Greek tata, Sanskrit tatas]. dad (dæd) n. Informal. father. [1490–1500; probably orig. nursery word]. Thesaurus Legend: Synonyms ...
Dad - ‎Big daddy - ‎Dad in Room - ‎Dad's Army

dad

/dad/

Noun

One's father.

Synonyms

daddy - papa - father - pa - pop - poppa

More info - Wikipedia - Dictionary.com - Answers.com - Merriam-Webster

dad - definition of dad by the Free Online Dictionary, Thesaurus and ...

www.thefreedictionary.com/dad‎

[childish word; compare Greek tata, Sanskrit tatas]. dad (dæd) n. Informal. father. [1490–1500; probably orig. nursery word]. Thesaurus Legend: Synonyms ...
Dad - ‎Big daddy - ‎Dad in Room - ‎Dad's Army

 

 

dad Listen to audio/ˈdæd/ noun
plural dads

[count] informal : a person's father
▪ Her mom and dad both said she can't go. — often used as a form of address ▪ Dad, can I borrow the car tonight?

 

 

Dad - Definition and More from the Free Merriam-Webster Dictionary

www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/dad‎

Her mom and dad both said she can't go. <my dad did most of the cooking for dinner because he usually got home earlier than my mom> ...

dad
noun \ˈdad\

Definition of DAD

: father 1a

See dad defined for English-language learners »

See dad defined for kids »

Examples of DAD

Her mom and dad both said she can't go.
<my dad did most of the cooking for dinner because he usually got home earlier than my mom>

Origin of DAD

probably baby talk
First Known Use: 15th century

Related to DAD

Synonymsfather, daddy, old man, pa, papa (also poppa), pater [chiefly British], pop, sire

Related Wordspaterfamilias, patriarch; father figure, father image; stepfather
more

Other Anthropology Terms

ectomorph, ethnography, prehistory, yurt

Rhymes with DAD

ad, add, bad, brad, cad, chad, Chad, clad, fad, gad, Gad, glad, grad, lad, mad, pad, plaid, rad, sad, scad, shad, tad, trad

 

Learn More About DAD

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for "dad"

Spanish-English Dictionary: Translation of "dad"

Browse

Next Word in the Dictionary: Dada
Previous Word in the Dictionary: Dacus
All Words Near: dad

Seen & Heard

 

 

BURY MY HEART AT WOUNDED KNEE.

An Indian History of the American West.

Dee Brown.

First Published in Vintage 1991

"I did not know then how much was ended. When I look back now from the high hill of my old age, I can still see the butchered women and children lying heaped and scattered all along the crooked gulch as plain as when I saw them with eyes still young. And I can see that something else died there in the blood and mud, and was buried in the blizzard. A peoples dream died there. It was a beautiful dream…the nations hoop is broken and scattered. There is no centre any longer, and the sacred tree is dead.

 

 

4
HERE
36
27
9
2
IS
28
19
1
3
THE
33
15
6
4
BIRD
33
24
6
4
THAT
49
13
4
5
NEVER
64
28
1
4
FLEW
46
19
1
26
First Total
289
145
28
2+6
Add to Reduce
2+8+9
1+4+5
2+8
8
Second Total
19
10
10
-
Reduce to Deduce
1+9
1+0
1+0
8
Third Total
10
1
1
-
Add to Reduce
1+0
-
-
8
Essence of Number
1
1
1

 

 

4
HERE
36
27
9
2
IS
28
19
1
3
THE
33
15
6
4
TREE
48
21
3
4
THAT
49
13
4
5
NEVER
64
28
1
4
GREW
53
26
8
26
First Total
311
149
32
2+6
Add to Reduce
3+1+1
1+4+9
3+2
8
Second Total
5
14
5
-
Add to Reduce
-
1+4
-
8
Essence of Number
5
5
5

 

 

4
HERE
36
27
9
2
IS
28
19
1
3
THE
33
15
6
4
BELL
31
13
4
4
THAT
49
13
4
5
NEVER
64
28
1
4
RANG
40
22
14
26
First Total
281
137
29
2+6
Add to Reduce
2+8+1
1+3+7
2+9
8
Second Total
11
11
11
-
Add to Reduce
1+1
1+1
1+1
8
Essence of Number
2
2
2

 

 

4
HERE
36
27
9
2
IS
28
19
1
3
THE
33
15
6
4
FISH
42
24
6
4
THAT
49
13
4
5
NEVER
64
28
1
4
SWAM
56
11
2
26
First Total
308
137
29
2+6
Add to Reduce
3+0+8
1+3+7
2+9
8
Second Total
11
11
11
-
Add to Reduce
1+1
1+1
1+1
8
Essence of Number
2
2
2

 

 

4
SHED
-
-
-
-
D
4
4
4
-
SHE
32
14
5
4
SHED
36
18
9
-
-
3+6
1+8
-
4
SHED
9
9
9

 

 

-
8
S
H
E
D
-
S
H
E
D
-
-
-
-
-
--
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
8
-
-
=
1
8
-
-
+
=
18
1+8
=
9
-
9
-
9
-
`-
19
8
-
-
=
19
8
-
-
+
=
54
5+4
=
9
-
9
-
9
-
8
S
H
E
D
-
S
H
E
D
-
-
-
-
-
--
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
5
4
=
-
-
5
4
+
=
18
1+8
=
9
=
9
=
9
-
8
S
H
E
D
-
S
H
E
D
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
`-
19
8
5
4
=
19
8
5
4
+
=
72
7+2
=
9
=
9
=
9
-
-
1
8
5
4
=
1
8
5
4
+
=
36
3+6
=
9
=
9
=
9
-
8
S
H
E
D
-
S
H
E
D
-T
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
--
-
1
occurs
x
2
=
2
-
2
2
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
2
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
3
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
3
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
--
-
-
-
4
-
-
-
-
4
-
-
4
occurs
x
2
=
8
-
8
-
-
-
-
5
-
-
-
-
5
-
-
-
5
occurs
x
2
=
10
1+0
1
6
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
6
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
7
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
--
-
7
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
--
-
8
-
-
-
-
8
-
-
-
-
8
occurs
x
2
=
16
1+6
7
9
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
--
-
9
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
27
8
S
H
E
D
-
S
H
E
D
-
-
18
-
-
8
-
36
-
18
2+7
1+0
1
8
5
4
=
1
8
5
4
-
-
1+8
-
-
-
-
3+6
-
1+8
9
8
S
H
E
D
-
S
H
E
D
-
-
9
-
-
8
-
9
-
9
-
--
1
8
5
4
=
1
8
5
4
-
-
1+8
-
-
-
-
3+6
-
1+8
9
8
S
H
E
D
-
S
H
E
D
-
-
9
-
-
8
-
9
-
9

 

 

-
8
S
H
E
D
-
S
H
E
D
-
-
-
-
-
--
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
8
-
-
=
1
8
-
-
+
=
18
1+8
=
9
-
9
-
9
-
`-
19
8
-
-
=
19
8
-
-
+
=
54
5+4
=
9
-
9
-
9
-
8
S
H
E
D
-
S
H
E
D
-
-
-
-
-
--
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
5
4
=
-
-
5
4
+
=
18
1+8
=
9
=
9
=
9
-
8
S
H
E
D
-
S
H
E
D
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
`-
19
8
5
4
=
19
8
5
4
+
=
72
7+2
=
9
=
9
=
9
-
-
1
8
5
4
=
1
8
5
4
+
=
36
3+6
=
9
=
9
=
9
-
8
S
H
E
D
-
S
H
E
D
-T
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
--
-
1
occurs
x
2
=
2
-
2
-
--
-
-
-
4
-
-
-
-
4
-
-
4
occurs
x
2
=
8
-
8
-
-
-
-
5
-
-
-
-
5
-
-
-
5
occurs
x
2
=
10
1+0
1
-
--
-
8
-
-
-
-
8
-
-
-
-
8
occurs
x
2
=
16
1+6
7
9
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
--
-
9
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
27
8
S
H
E
D
-
S
H
E
D
-
-
18
-
-
8
-
36
-
18
2+7
1+0
1
8
5
4
=
1
8
5
4
-
-
1+8
-
-
-
-
3+6
-
1+8
9
8
S
H
E
D
-
S
H
E
D
-
-
9
-
-
8
-
9
-
9
-
--
1
8
5
4
=
1
8
5
4
-
-
1+8
-
-
-
-
3+6
-
1+8
9
8
S
H
E
D
-
S
H
E
D
-
-
9
-
-
8
-
9
-
9

 

 

4
SHED
-
-
-
-
D
4
4
4
-
SHE
32
14
5
4
SHED
36
18
9
-
-
3+6
1+8
-
4
SHED
9
9
9

 

 

-
4
C
O
D
E
-
-
-
-
-
--
-
-
-
-
-
6
-
-
+
=
6
-
=
6
=
6
-
-
-
15
-
-
+
=
15
1+5
=
6
=
6
-
4
C
O
D
E
-
-
-
-
-
--
-
-
-
-
3
-
4
5
+
=
12
1+2
=
3
=
3
-
4
C
O
D
E
-
-
-
-
-
--
-
-
-
-
3
15
4
5
+
=
27
2+7
=
9
=
9
-
-
3
6
4
5
+
=
18
1+8
=
9
=
9
-
4
C
O
D
E
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
2
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
2
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
3
-
-
-
-
-
3
occurs
x
1
=
3
-
-
-
-
4
-
-
-
4
occurs
x
1
=
4
-
-
-
-
-
5
-
-
5
occurs
x
1
=
5
-
-
-
6
-
-
-
-
6
occurs
x
1
=
6
7
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
7
-
-
-
-
-
8
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
8
-
-
-
-
-
9
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
9
-
-
-
-
-
27
4
C
O
D
E
-
-
18
-
-
4
-
18
2+7
-
3
6
4
5
-
-
1+8
-
-
-
-
1+8
9
4
C
O
D
E
-
-
9
-
-
4
-
9

 

 

4
C
O
D
E
-
-
-
-
-
--
-
-
-
-
6
-
-
+
=
6
-
=
6
=
6
-
-
15
-
-
+
=
15
1+5
=
6
=
6
4
C
O
D
E
-
-
-
-
-
--
-
-
-
3
-
4
5
+
=
12
1+2
=
3
=
3
4
C
O
D
E
-
-
-
-
-
--
-
-
-
3
15
4
5
+
=
27
2+7
=
9
=
9
-
3
6
4
5
+
=
18
1+8
=
9
=
9
4
C
O
D
E
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
3
-
-
-
-
-
3
occurs
x
1
=
3
-
-
-
4
-
-
-
4
occurs
x
1
=
4
-
-
-
-
5
-
-
5
occurs
x
1
=
5
-
-
6
-
-
-
-
6
occurs
x
1
=
6
4
C
O
D
E
-
-
18
-
-
4
-
18
-
3
6
4
5
-
-
1+8
-
-
-
-
1+8
4
C
O
D
E
-
-
9
-
-
4
-
9

 

 

6
DECODE
-
-
-
-
D+E
9
9
9
1
C+O
18
9
9
-
D+E
9
9
9
6
DECODE
36
27
27
-
-
3+6
2+7
2+7
6
DECODE
9
9
9

 

 

-
4
D
E
C
O
D
E
-
-
-
-
-
--
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
6
-
-
+
=
6
-
=
6
=
6
=
6
-
-
-
-
-
15
-
-
+
=
15
1+5
=
6
=
6
=
6
-
4
D
E
C
O
D
E
-
-
-
-
-
--
-
-
-
-
-
-
4
5
3
-
4
5
+
=
21
2+1
=
3
=
3
=
3
-
4
D
E
C
O
D
E
-
-
-
-
-
--
-
-
-
-
-
-
4
5
3
15
4
5
+
=
36
3+6
=
9
=
9
=
9
-
-
4
5
3
6
4
5
+
=
27
2+7
=
9
=
9
=
9
-
4
D
E
C
O
D
E
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
2
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
2
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
3
-
-
-
-
-
3
occurs
x
1
=
3
=
3
-
-
4
-
-
-
4
-
-
-
4
occurs
x
2
=
8
=
8
-
-
-
5
-
-
-
5
-
-
5
occurs
x
2
=
10
1+0
1
-
-
-
-
-
6
-
-
-
-
6
occurs
x
1
=
6
=
6
7
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
7
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
8
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
8
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
9
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
9
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
27
4
D
E
C
O
D
E
-
-
18
-
-
4
-
27
-
18
2+7
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1+8
-
-
-
-
2+7
-
1+8
9
4
D
E
C
O
D
E
-
-
9
-
-
4
-
9
-
9
-
-
4
5
3
6
4
5
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
9
4
D
E
C
O
D
E
-
-
9
-
-
4
-
9
-
9

 

 

4
D
E
C
O
D
E
-
-
-
-
-
--
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
6
-
-
+
=
6
-
=
6
=
6
=
6
-
-
-
-
15
-
-
+
=
15
1+5
=
6
=
6
=
6
4
D
E
C
O
D
E
-
-
-
-
-
--
-
-
-
-
-
4
5
3
-
4
5
+
=
21
2+1
=
3
=
3
=
3
4
D
E
C
O
D
E
-
-
-
-
-
--
-
-
-
-
-
4
5
3
15
4
5
+
=
36
3+6
=
9
=
9
=
9
-
4
5
3
6
4
5
+
=
27
2+7
=
9
=
9
=
9
4
D
E
C
O
D
E
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
3
-
-
-
-
-
3
occurs
x
1
=
3
=
3
-
4
-
-
-
4
-
-
-
4
occurs
x
2
=
8
=
8
-
-
5
-
-
-
5
-
-
5
occurs
x
2
=
10
1+0
1
-
-
-
-
5
-
-
-
-
6
occurs
x
1
=
6
=
6
4
D
E
C
O
D
E
-
-
18
-
-
4
-
27
-
18
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1+8
-
-
-
-
2+7
-
1+8
4
D
E
C
O
D
E
-
-
9
-
-
4
-
9
-
9
-
4
5
3
6
4
5
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
4
D
E
C
O
D
E
-
-
9
-
-
4
-
9
-
9

 

 

-
SIGN
-
-
-
1
S
19
10
1
1
I
9
9
9
1
G
7
7
7
1
N
14
5
5
4
SIGN
49
31
22
-
-
4+9
3+1
2+2
4
SIGN
13
4
4
-
--
1+3
-
-
4
SIGN
4
4
4

 

 

-
6
S
I
G
N
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
9
-
5
+
=
15
1+5
=
6
=
6
-
-
19
9
-
14
+
=
42
4+2
=
6
=
6
-
6
S
I
G
N
-
-
-
-
-
--
-
-
-
-
-
-
7
-
+
=
7
-
=
7
=
7
-
6
S
I
G
N
-
-
-
-
-
--
-
-
-
-
19
9
7
14
+
=
49
4+9
=
13
1+3
4
-
-
1
9
7
5
+
=
22
2+2
=
4
-
4
-
6
S
I
G
N
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
1
occurs
x
1
=
1
2
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
2
-
-
-
-
-
3
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
3
-
-
-
-
-
4
-
-
--
--
--
-
-
4
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
5
-
-
5
-
-
-
-
-
6
-
-
--
--
--
-
-
6
-
-
--
--
--
-
-
-
-
7
-
-
-
7
occurs
x
1
=
7
8
-
-
--
--
--
-
-
8
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
9
-
-
-
-
9
occurs
x
1
=
9
23
6
S
I
G
N
-
-
22
-
-
4
-
22
2+3
 
-
9
-
-
-
-
2+2
-
-
-
-
2+2
5
6
S
I
G
N
-
-
4
-
-
4
-
4
-
-
1
9
7
5
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
5
6
S
I
G
N
-
-
4
-
-
4
-
4

 

 

-
6
S
I
G
N
-
-
-
-
-
--
-
-
-
-
1
9
-
5
+
=
15
1+5
=
6
=
6
-
-
19
9
-
14
+
=
42
4+2
=
6
=
6
-
6
S
I
G
N
-
-
-
-
-
--
-
-
-
-
-
-
7
-
+
=
7
-
=
7
=
7
-
6
S
I
G
N
-
-
-
-
-
--
-
-
-
-
19
9
7
14
+
=
49
4+9
=
13
1+3
4
-
-
1
9
7
5
+
=
22
2+2
=
4
-
4
-
6
S
I
G
N
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
1
occurs
x
1
=
1
-
-
-
-
-
5
-
-
5
occurs
x
1
=
5
-
-
-
-
7
-
-
-
7
occurs
x
1
=
7
-
-
-
9
-
-
-
-
9
occurs
x
1
=
9
23
6
S
I
G
N
-
-
22
-
-
4
-
22
2+3
 
-
9
-
-
-
-
2+2
-
-
-
-
2+2
5
6
S
I
G
N
-
-
4
-
-
4
-
4
-
-
1
9
7
5
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
5
6
S
I
G
N
-
-
4
-
-
4
-
4

 

 

-
SIGNAL
--
--
--
1
S
19
10
1
1
I
9
9
9
1
G
7
7
7
3
NAL
27
9
9
7
SIGNAL
62
35
26
-
-
6+2
3+5
2+6
7
SIGNAL
8
8
8

 

 

-
6
S
I
G
N
A
L
-
-
-
-
-
--
-
-
-
-
1
9
-
5
-
-
+
=
15
1+5
=
6
=
6
-
-
19
9
-
14
-
-
+
=
42
4+2
=
6
=
6
-
6
S
I
G
N
A
L
-
-
-
-
-
--
-
-
-
-
-
-
7
-
1
3
+
=
11
1+1
=
2
=
2
-
-
-
-
7
-
1
12
+
=
20
2+0
=
2
=
2
-
6
S
I
G
N
A
L
-
-
-
-
-
--
-
-
-
-
19
9
7
14
1
12
+
=
62
6+2
=
8
-
8
-
-
1
9
7
5
1
3
+
=
26
2+6
=
8
-
8
-
6
S
I
G
N
A
L
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
1
occurs
x
2
=
1
2
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
2
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
3
-
-
3
occurs
x
1
=
3
4
-
--
--
--
--
--
--
-
-
4
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
5
-
-
-
-
5
occurs
x
1
=
5
6
-
--
--
--
--
--
--
-
-
6
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
7
-
-
-
-
-
7
occurs
x
1
=
7
8
-
-
--
--
--
--
--
-
-
8
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
9
-
-
-
-
-
-
9
occurs
x
1
=
9
20
6
S
I
G
N
A
L
-
-
25
-
-
6
-
26
2+0
 
-
9
-
-
-
-
-
-
2+5
-
-
-
-
2+6
2
6
S
I
G
N
A
L
-
-
7
-
-
6
-
9
-
-
1
9
7
5
1
3
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
2
6
S
I
G
N
A
L
-
-
7
-
-
6
-
9

 

 

-
S
I
G
N
A
L
-
-
-
-
-
--
-
-
-
1
9
-
5
-
-
+
=
15
1+5
=
6
=
6
-
19
9
-
14
-
-
+
=
42
4+2
=
6
=
6
6
S
I
G
N
A
L
-
-
-
-
-
--
-
-
-
-
-
7
-
1
3
+
=
11
1+1
=
2
=
2
-
-
-
7
-
1
12
+
=
20
2+0
=
2
=
2
6
S
I
G
N
A
L
-
-
-
-
-
--
-
-
-
19
9
7
14
1
12
+
=
62
6+2
=
8
-
8
-
1
9
7
5
1
3
+
=
26
2+6
=
8
-
8
6
S
I
G
N
A
L
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
1
occurs
x
2
=
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
3
-
-
3
occurs
x
1
=
3
-
-
-
-
5
-
-
-
-
5
occurs
x
1
=
5
-
-
-
7
-
-
-
-
-
7
occurs
x
1
=
7
-
-
9
-
-
-
-
-
-
9
occurs
x
1
=
9
6
S
I
G
N
A
L
-
-
25
-
-
6
-
26
-
-
9
-
-
-
-
-
-
2+5
-
-
-
-
2+6
6
S
I
G
N
A
L
-
-
7
-
-
7
-
9
-
1
9
7
5
1
3
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
6
S
I
G
N
A
L
-
-
7
-
-
7
-
9

 

 

-
A SIGNAL
-
-
-
1
A
1
1
1
1
S
19
10
1
1
I
9
9
9
1
G
7
7
7
3
NAL
27
9
9
7
A SIGNAL
63
36
27
-
-
6+3
3+6
2+7
7
A SIGNAL
9
9
9

 

 

-
7
A
-
S
I
G
N
A
L
-
-
-
-
-
--
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
9
-
5
-
-
+
=
15
1+5
=
6
=
6
-
-
-
-
19
9
-
14
-
-
+
=
42
4+2
=
6
=
6
-
7
A
-
S
I
G
N
A
L
-
-
-
-
-
--
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
7
-
1
3
+
=
12
1+1
=
3
=
3
-
-
1
-
-
-
7
-
1
12
+
=
21
2+1
=
3
=
3
-
7
A
-
S
I
G
N
A
L
-
-
-
-
-
--
-
-
-
-
1
-
19
9
7
14
1
12
+
=
63
6+3
=
9
-
9
-
-
1
-
1
9
7
5
1
3
+
=
27
2+7
=
9
-
9
-
7
A
-
S
I
G
N
A
L
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
1
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
1
occurs
x
3
=
3
2
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
2
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
3
-
-
3
occurs
x
1
=
3
4
-
--
-
-
--
--
--
--
--
-
-
4
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
5
-
-
-
-
5
occurs
x
1
=
5
6
-
--
-
-
--
--
--
--
--
-
-
6
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
7
-
-
-
-
-
7
occurs
x
1
=
7
8
-
--
-
-
--
--
--
--
--
-
-
8
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
9
-
-
-
-
-
-
9
occurs
x
1
=
9
20
7
A
-
S
I
G
N
A
L
-
-
25
-
-
7
-
27
2+0
 
-
-
-
9
-
-
-
-
-
-
2+5
-
-
-
-
2+7
2
7
A
-
S
I
G
N
A
L
-
-
7
-
-
7
-
9
-
-
1
-
1
9
7
5
1
3
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
2
7
A
-
S
I
G
N
A
L
-
-
7
-
-
7
-
9

 

 

-
7
A
-
S
I
G
N
A
L
-
-
-
-
-
--
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
9
-
5
-
-
+
=
15
1+5
=
6
=
6
-
-
-
-
19
9
-
14
-
-
+
=
42
4+2
=
6
=
6
-
7
A
-
S
I
G
N
A
L
-
-
-
-
-
--
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
7
-
1
3
+
=
12
1+1
=
3
=
3
-
-
1
-
-
-
7
-
1
12
+
=
21
2+1
=
3
=
3
-
7
A
-
S
I
G
N
A
L
-
-
-
-
-
--
-
-
-
-
1
-
19
9
7
14
1
12
+
=
63
6+3
=
9
-
9
-
-
1
-
1
9
7
5
1
3
+
=
27
2+7
=
9
-
9
-
7
A
-
S
I
G
N
A
L
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
1
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
1
occurs
x
3
=
3
2
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
2
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
3
-
-
3
occurs
x
1
=
3
4
-
--
-
-
--
--
--
--
--
-
-
4
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
5
-
-
-
-
5
occurs
x
1
=
5
6
-
--
-
-
--
--
--
--
--
-
-
6
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
7
-
-
-
-
-
7
occurs
x
1
=
7
8
-
--
-
-
--
--
--
--
--
-
-
8
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
9
-
-
-
-
-
-
9
occurs
x
1
=
9
20
7
A
-
S
I
G
N
A
L
-
-
25
-
-
7
-
27
2+0
 
-
-
-
9
-
-
-
-
-
-
2+5
-
-
-
-
2+7
2
7
A
-
S
I
G
N
A
L
-
-
7
-
-
7
-
9
-
-
1
-
1
9
7
5
1
3
-
-