NUMEROLOGY
Geddes and Grosset 1999.
Introduction.

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"Nunerology is the name given to an ancient method of study-ing numbers that has been in use for thousands of years."
"…The most popular form of numerology in use today is based on the work of Py-thagoras, the famous Greek mathematician and philosopher who lived during the sixth century bc."
"…It was Pythagora's belief that numbers were the first of all things in nature. It was his belief that numbers were the basis of everything, in the natural, spiritual and scientific world. He believed that everything could be reduced to mathematical terms and that everything had a numerical value. Through studying the world in numerical form, he sought to achieve greater understanding of the world he lived in. Pythagoras, who believed that numbers created order and beauty, founded a school for students to follow his philosophy, and this was known as the Italic or Pythagorean School."

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"…Pythagoras formulated the concept called the Music of the Spheres', based on the idea that all the planets in the universe formed a harmonious whole consisting of a mu-sical chorus. He discovered that there was a relationship between sound and numbers, and developed this discov-ery to form his metaphysical concept. He suggested that every planet was a certain distance from a central point in the universe and that if an invisible string connected each planet to the central point, when plucked the string would emit a certain tone or vibration. Each sound or vibration could be associated with a particular number. He also be-lieved that the sound or vibration of the universe dictated by the planets would have a strong influ-ence on the character of an individual born at that particu-lar time.
Numerologists believe that the numbers one to nine have specific characteristics , and these characteristics are the basis for the methods of analysis described in this book. The numbers one to nine are the only numbers that are

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believed to be significant to numerology. All numbers greater than nine can be reduced to a single digit by the process of fadic addition, for example:
12 is reduced to 3 by adding 1 and 2;
49 is reduced to 4 by adding 4 and 9 which equals 13 and subsequently adding 1 and 3 to make 4."

settled.
It had stopped snowing, the sky began to clear. The blue-grey cloud-masses parted to admit glimpses of the sun, whose rays gave a bluish cast to the scene. Then it grew altogether fair; a bright

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hard frost and settled winter splendour reigned in the middle of November. The arch of the loggia framed a glorious panorama of snow-powdered forest, softly filled passes and ravines, white, sun- lit valleys, and radiant blue heavens above all. In the evening, when the almost full moon appeared, the world lay in enchanted splen- dour, marvellous. Crystal and diamond it glittered far and wide, the forest stood up very black and white, the quarter of the heavens where the moon was not showed deeply dark, embroidered with stars. On the flashing surface of the snow, shadows, so strong, so sharp and clearly outlined that they seemed almost more real than the objects themselves, fell from houses, trees, and telegraph-poles. An hour or so after sunset there would be some founeen degrees of frost. The world seemed spellbound in icy purity, its earthly blemishes veiled; it lay fixed in a deathlike, enchanted trance.
Hans Castorp stopped until far into the night in his balcony above the ensorcelled winter scene - much longer than Joachim, who retired at ten or a little later. His excellent chair, with the sectional mattress and the neck-roll, he pulled close to the snow- cushioned balustrade; at his hand was the white table with the lighted reading-lamp, a stack of books, and a glass of creamy milk, the "evening milk" which was brought to each of the guests' rooms at nine o'clock. Hans Castorp put a dash of cognac in his, to make it more palatable. Already he "had availed himself of all his means of protection against the cold, the entire outfit: lay en- sconced well up to his chest in the buttoned-up sleeping-sack he had acquired in one of the well-furnished shops in the Platz, with the two camel's-hair rugs folded over it in accordance with the ritual. He wore his winter suit, with a shon fur jacket atop, a woollen cap, felt boots, and heavily lined gloves, which, however, could not prevent the stiffening of his fingers.
What held him so late - often until midnight and beyond, long
after the " bad " Russian pair had left their loge - was partly the magic of the winter night, into which, until eleven, were woven the mounting strains of music frQm near and far. But even more it was inertia and excitement, both of these at once, and in combina- tion: bodily inenia, the physical fatigue which hated any idea of moving; and mental excitement, the busy preoccupation of his thoughts with certain new and fascinating studies upon which the young man had embarked, and which left his brain no rest. The weather affected him, his organism was stimulated by the cold; he ate enormously, attacking the mighty Berghof meals, where the roast goose followed upon the roast beef, with the usual Berghof appetite, which was always even larger in winter than

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the lower rest-hall, Frau Redisch, the wife of a Polish industria! magnate, and Frau Hessenfeld, a widow from Berlin, both of these new arrivals since October, claimed the book at the same time, an~ a regrettable incident arose after dinner, yes, more than regrettable, for there was a violent scene, overheard by Hans Castorp, in his loggia above. It ended in spasms of hysteria on the part of one of the women - it might have been Frau Redisch, but equally "Jell it might have been Frau Hessenfeld - and she was borne away be- side herself to her own room. The youth of the place had got hold of the treatise before those of r~er years; studying it ill part in groups, after supper, in their various rooms. Hans Castorp himself saw the youth with the finger-nail hand it to Franzchen Oberdank in the dining-room - she was a new arrival and a light case, a flaxen- hrored young thing whose mother had just brought her to the sanatorium.
There may have been exceptions; there may have been those who employed the hours of the rest-cure ~'ith some serious in- tellectual occupation, some conceivably profitable study, either by way of keeping in touch with life in the lowlands, or in order to give weight and depth to the passing hour, that it might not be pure time and nothing else besides. Perhaps here and there was one - not, of course, to mention Herr Settembrini, with his zeal for eliminating human suffering, or Joachim with his Russian primer - yes, there might be one, or two, thus occupied; if not among the guests in the dining-room, which seemed not very likely, then among the bedridden and moribund. Hans Castorp inclined to be- lieve it. He himself, after imbibing all that Ocem Steamships had to offer him, had ordered certain books from home, some of them bearing on his profession, and they had arrived with his winter clothing: scientific engineering, technique of ship-building, and the like. But these volumes lay now neglected in favour of other text- books belonging to quite a different field, an interest in which had seized upon the young man: anatomy, physiology, biology, works in German, French and English, sent up to the Berghof by the book-dealer in the village, obviously because Hans Castorp had ordered them, as was indeed the case. He had done so of his own motion, without telling anyone, on a solitary walk he took down to the Platz while Joachim was occupied with the weekly weigh- ing or injection. His cousin was surprised when he saw the books in Hans Castorp's hands. They were expensive, as scientific works always are: the prices were marked on the wrappel"S and inside the front covers. Joachim asked why, if his cousin wanted to read such books, he had not borrowed them of the Hofrat, who surely
Z74 THE MAGIC MOUNTAIN
posessed a well-chosen stock. The young man answered that it was <Juite a different thing to read when the book was one's own; for his part, he loved to mark them and underline passages in pencil. Joachim could hear, hoU1"S on end, the noise made by the paper- knife going through the uncut leaves.
The volumes were heavy, unh.-andy. Hans Castorp propped them against his chest or stomach as he lay; they were heavy, but he did not mind. Lying there, his mouth half open, he let his eye glide down the learned page, upon which fell me light from his red- shaded lamp, though he might have read, if need were, by the bril- liance of the moonlight alone. He read, following the lines down the page with his head, until at the bottom his chin lay sunk upon his breast - and in this position the reader would pause perhaps for reflection, dozing a little or musing in half-slumber, before lifting his eyes to the next page. He probed profoundly. While the moon took itS appointed way above the crystalline splendours of the mountain valley, h~ read of organized matter, of the proper- ties of protoplasm, that sensitive substance maintaining Itself in extraordinary fluctUation between building up and breaking down; of form develo(>ing out of rudimentary, but always present, (>ri- mordia; read wIth compelling interest of life, and itS sacred, Im- pure mysteries.
What was life? No one knew. It was undoubtedly aware of it- self, so soon as it was life; but it did not know what it was. Con- sciousness, as exhibited by susceptibility to stimulus, was undoubt- edly, to a certain degree, present in the lowest, most undeveloped ~ges of life; it was im~ible. to fix t!te first appea~n~e.of con- SCIOUS processes at any poInt In the history of the mdiVldual or the race; im~ible to make consciousness contingent upon, say, the presence of a nervous system. The lowest animal forms had no nervous systems, still less a cerebrum; yet no one would venture to deny them the capacity for responding to stimuli. One could sus- pend life; not merely particular sense-organs, not only nervous reactions, but life itself. One could temporarily suspend the irrita- bility to sensation of every form of living matter in the plant as well as in the animal kingdom; one could narcotize ova and sperma- tozoa with chloroform, chloral hydrate, or morp!une. Conscious- ness, then, was simply a function of matter organized into life; a function that in higher manifestations tUrned upon its avatar and became an effort to explore and explain the pnenomenon it dis- played - a hopeful-hopeless project of life to achieve self-knowl- edge, natUre in recoil- and vainly, in the event, since she cannot be resolved in knowledge, nor life, when all is said, listen to itself.
RESEARCH Z 7 5
What was life? No one knew. No one knew the actual point whence it sprang, where it kindled itself. Nothing in the domain of life seemed uncausated, or insufficiently causated, from that point on; but life itself seemed without antecedent. If there was anything that might be said about it, it was this: it must be so highly developed, structurally, that nothing even distantly related to It was present in the inorganic world. Between the protean amreba and the vertebrate the difference was slight, unessential, as com- ~ed to that between the simplest living organism and that nature which did not even deserve to be called dead, because it was in- organic. For death was only the-logical negation of life; but be- tween life and inanimate nature yawned a gulf which research strove in vain to bridge. They tried to close it with hypotheses, which it swallowed down without becoming any the less deep or broad. Seeking for a connecting link, they had condescended to the preposterous assumption of structureless living matter, unorgan- IZed organisms, which darted together of themselves in the albu- men solution, like crystals in the mother-liquor; yet organic dif- ferentiation still remained at once condition and expression of all life. One could point to no form of life that did not owe its exist- ence to procreation by parents. They had fished the primeval slime out of toe depth of the sea, and great had been the jubilation - but the end of it all had been shame and confusion. For it turned out that they had mistaken a precipitate of sulphate of lime for proto- plasm. But then, to avoid giving pause before a miracle - for life that built itself up out of, and fell in decay into, the same sort of matter as inorganic nature; would have been, happening of itself, miraculous - they were driven to believe in a spontaneous genera- tion - that is, in the emergence of the organic from the inorganic - which was just as much of a miracle. Thus they went on, devis- ing intermediate stages and transitions, assuming the existence of organisms which stood lower down than any yet known, but them- selves had as forerunners still more primitive efforts of nature to achieve life: primitive forms of wrnch no one would ever catch sight, for they were all of less than microscopic size, and previous to whose hypothetic existence the synthesis of protein compounds must already have taken place.
What then '!Vas life? It was warmth, the warmth generated by a form-preserving instabilit)T, a fever of mal..~r, wrnch accom- panied the process of ceaseless decay and repair of albumen mole- cules that were too impossibly complicated, too impossibly ingen- ious in structure. It was the existence of the actually impossible-to- exist, of a half-sweet, half-painful balancing, or scarcely balancing.
1. 76 THE MAGIC MOUNTAIN
in this restricted and feverish process of decay and renewal, upon the point of existence. It was not matter and it was not spirit, but somet1ting between the tWo, a phenomenon conveyed by mat- ter, like the rainbow on the waterfall, and like the flame. Yet why not material- it was sentient to the point of desire and disgust, the shamelessness of matter become sensible of itself. the inconti- nent form of being. It was a secret and ardent stirring in the frozen chastity of the universal; it was a stolen and voluptuous impurity of sucking and secreting; an exhalation of carbonic acid gas and ma- terial impurities of mysterious origin and composition. It was a pul- lulation, an unfolding, a form-building (made possible by the over- balancing of its instability, yet controlled by the laws of growth inherent within it), of something brewed out of water, albumen, salt and fats, which was called flesh, and which became form, beauty, a lofty image, and yet all the time the essence of sensuality and desire. For this form and beauty were not spirit-borne; nor, like the form and beauty of sculpture, conveyed by a neutral and spirit-consumed substance, which could in all purity make beauty perceptib1e to the senses. Rather was it conveyed and shaped by the somehow awakened voluptuousness of matter, of the organic. dying-living substance itself, the reeking flesh.
-Ashe lay there above the glittering valley, lapped in the bodily warmth
/ reserved to him by fur and wool, in the frosty night illumine by the brilliance from a lifeless star, the image of life displayed itself to young Hans Castorp. It hovered before him, somewhere in space, remote from his grasp, yet near his sense; this body, this opaquely whitish form, giving out exhalations, moist, clammy; the skin with all its blemishes and native impurities, with its spots, pimples, discolorations, irregularities; its horny, scalelike regions, covered over by soft streams and whorls of rudimentary lanugo. It leaned there, set off against the cold lifelessness of the inanimate world, in its own vaporous sphere, relaxed, the head crowned with something cool, horny, and pigmented, which was an outgrowth of its skin; the hands clasped at the back of the neck. It looked down at him beneath drooping lids, out of eyes made to appear slanting by a racial variation in the lid-formation. Its lips were half open, even a little curled. It rested its weight on one leg, the hip-bone stood out sharply under the flesh, while the other, relaxed, nestled its slightly bent knee against the inside of the sup- poning leg, and poised the foot only upon the toes. It leaned thus, turning to smile, the gleaming elbows akimbo, in the paired sym- metty of its limbs and trunk. The acrid. steaming shadows of the arm-pits corresponded in a mystic triangle to the pubic dark-

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ness, just as the eyes did to the red, epithelial mouth-opening, and the red blossoms of the breast to the navel lying perpendicularly below. Under the impulsion of a central organ and of the motor nerves originating in the spinal marrow, ch~t and abdomen func- tioned, the peritoneal cavity expanded and contracted, the breath, ~'armed and moistened by the mucous membrane of the respira- tory canal, saturated with secretions, streamed out between the lips, after it had joined its oxygen to the hremoglobin of the blood in the air-cells of the lungs. For Hans Castorp understood that this living body, in the mysterious symmetlY of its blood-nourished structure, penetrated throughout by nerves, veil1S, arteries, and capillaries; with its inner framework of bones - marrow-filled tubular bones, blade-bones, vertebrre - which with the addition of lime had developed out of the original gelatinous tissue and grown strong enough to support the body weight; with the cap- sules and well-oiled cavities, ligaments and cartilages of its joints, Its more than tWo hundred muscles, its central organs that served for nutrition and respiration, for registering and transmitting stimuli, its protective membranes, serous cavities, its glands rich in secre- tions; with the system of vessels and fissures of its highly compli- cated interior surface, communicating through the body-openings with the outer world - he understood that this ego was a livmg unit of a very high order, remote indeed from those very simple forms of life which breathed, took in nourishment, even thought, with the entire surface of their bodies. He knew it was built up out of myriads of such small organisms, which had had their origin in a single one; which had multiplied by recurrent division, adapted themselves to the most varied uses, and functions, separated, dif- ferentiated themselves, thro\vn out forms which were the condition and result of their growth.
This body, then, which hovered before him, this individual and living I, was a monstrous multiplicity of breathing and self-
nourishing individuals, which, through organic conformation and "'"
adaptation to special ends, had parted to such an extent with their ~
essential individuality, their freedom and living immediacy, had ~ so much become anatomic elements that the functions of some had ~;""
become limited to sensibility to\vard light, sound, contact, ~'armth; others only understood how to change their shape or produce di- gestive secretions through contraction; others, ag.ain, were de- veloped and functional to no other end than protection, support, the conveyance of the body juices, or reproduction. There were modifications of this organic plurality united to form the higher ego: cases where the multitude of subordinate entities were only
. --- ._" .-,,"R &A&a
gIoaped in .10.- and doubtful way to form a higher living uait. The student buried himself in the phenomenon of cell colonies; he read about half -organisms, a1gz, whose single cells, enveloped.. a mantle of gelatine, often lay a~ from one another, yet were multiple-cell formations, whIch, if they had been asked, would not have known whether to be rated as a settlement of single-celled
individuals, or as an individual single unit, and, in bearing wimes, would have vacillated quaintly between the I and the we. Nature
here presented a middle stage, between the hi$hly social union of countless elementary individuaJs to form the ~es and organs of 4 superior I, and the free individual existence of these sim~ fonDS; the multiple-celled o~ was only a stage in the cyclic
process, which was the course of life itself, a periodic revolutim
from procreation to procreation. The act of fructification, the sexual merging of two cell-bodies, stood at the beginning of the upbuilding of every rnultiple-celled individual, as it did at die beginning of every row of generations of single elementary fom-. and led back to itself. For this act was carried through many ~ cies which had no need of it to multiply by means of proliferation;
until a moment carne when the non-sexually produced offspring
found thcmselves once more constrained to a renewal of the co~ lative function, and the circle came full. Such was the multIple state of life, sprung from the union of two parent cells, the ass0- ciation of many non-sexually originated generations of cell units; its growth meant their increase, and the generative circle came full again when sex-cells, specially developed elements for the pur- pose of reproduction, had established themselves and founa the way to a new mingling that drove life on afresh.
Our young adventw'er, supporting a volume of embryology
on the pit of his stomach, followed the development of the or-
ganism from the moment when the ~tozoon, firSt among a host of its fellows, forced itself forward by a lashing motion of its hinder part, struck with its fore~ against the gelatine mantle of the egg, and bored its way into the mount of conce~ tion, ~ ~'ch the protoplasm of the outside of the ovum arched agajnst its approach. There was no conceivable trick or absurdity it would not have pleased nature to commit by way of variation upon this fixed procedure. In some animals, the male was a para- site in the intestine of the female. In others, the male parent reached with his arm down the gullet of the female to deposit the semen within her; after which, bitten off and spat out, it ran away by itself uran its fingers, to the confusion of scientists, who fof long had gIVen it Greek md Latin nama IS an independent form

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RESEARCH Z 79

of life. Hans Castorp lent an ear to the learned strife between ovists and animalcullsts: the first of whom assened that the egg was in itself the complete little frog, dog, 0.' human being, the male element being only the incitement to its growth; while the sec- ond saw in a spermatozoon, possessing head, arms, and legs, the perfected form of life shadowed fonh, to which the egg performed only the office of " nourisher in life's feast." lit the end they agreed to concede equal meritoriousness to ovum arId semen, both of which, after al~ sprang from originally indistinguishable procre- ative cells. He saw the single-celled organism of the fructified egg on the point of being transformed into a multiple-celled organism, by striation and division; saw the cell-bodies attach themselves to the lamellre of the mucous membrane; saw the germinal vesicle, the blastula, close itself in to form a cup or basin-shaped cavity, and begin the functions of receiving and digesting food. That was the gastrula, the protozoon, primeval form of all animal life, pri- meval form of flesh-borne beauty. Its two epithelia, the outer and the inner, the ectoderm and the entoderm, proved to be prim:tive organs out of whose foldings-in and -out, were developed the glands, the tissues, the sensory organs, the body processes. A strip of the outer germinal layer, the ectoderm, thickened, folded into a groove, closed itself into a nerve canal, became a spinal column, bec.ame the brain. And as the freta I slime condensed into fibrous connective tissue, into canilage, the colloidal cells begirming to show gelatinous substance instead of mucin. he saw in certain places the connective tissue take lime and fat to itself out of the sera that washed it, and begin to form bone. Embryonic man squatted in a stooping posture, tailed, indistinguishable from em- bryonic pig; with enormous abdomen and stumpy, formless ex~ tremities, the facial mask bowed over the swollen paunch; the story of his growth seemed a grim, unflattering science, like the cursory record of a zoological family tree. For a while he had gill- pockets like a roach. It seemed permissible, or rather unavoidable, contemplating the various stages of development through which he passed, to infer the very little humanistic aspect presented by primitive man in his mature state. His skin was furnished with twitching muscles to keep off insects; it was thickly covered with hair; there was a tremendous development of the mucous mem- brane of the olfactory organs; his ears protruded, were movable, took a lively part in the play of the features, and were much better adapted than ours for catching sounds. His eyes were protected by a third, nictating lid; they were placed sidewise, excepting the third, of which the pineal gland was the rudimentary trace, and

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 -~~ A__- "A~~" AO__.
which was able, looking upwards, to guard him from dangers from the upper air. Primitive man had a very long intestine, many molars, and sound-pouches on the larnyx the better to roar with, also he carried his sex-glands on the inside of the intestinal cavity.
Anatomy presented our investigator with charts of human limbs, skinned and prepared for his inspection; he saw their superficial and their buried muscles, sinews, and tendons: those of the thighs, the foot, and especially of the arm, the uPFr and the forearm. He learned the Latin names with which medIcine, that subdivision of the humanities, had gallantly equipped them. He passed on to the skeleton, the development of which presented new points of view - among them a clear perception of the essential unity of all that pertains to man, the correlation of all branches of learning. For here, strangely enough, he found himself reminded of his own field - or shall we say his former field? - the scientific calling which he had announced himself as having embraced, introducing himself thus to Dr. Krokowski and Herr Settembrini on his ar- rival up here. In order to learn something - it had not much mat- tered what - he had learned in his technical school about statics, about supports capable of flexion, about loads, about construction as the advantageous utilization of mechanical material. It would of course be childish to think that the science of engineering, the rules of mechanics, had found application to organic nature; but just as little might one say that they had been derived from organic nature. It was simply that the mechanical laws found themselves repeated and corroborated in nature. The principle of the hollow cylinder was illustrated in the structure of the tubular bones, in such a way that the static demands were satis- fied with the precise minimum of solid structure. Hans Castorp had learned that a body which is put together out of staves and bands of mechanically utilizable matter, conformably to the de- mands made by draught and pressure upon it, can withStand the same weight as a solid column of the same material. Thus in the development of the tubular bones, it was comprehensible that, step for step with the formation of the solid exterior, the inner parts, whicfi were mechanically superfluous, changed to a fatty tissue, the marrow. The thigh-bone was a crane, in the construction of which organic nature, by the direction she had given the shaft, carried out, to a hair, the same draught- and pressure-curves which Hans Castorp had had to plot in drawing an instrument serving a similar purpose. He contemplated this fact with pleasure; he en- joyed the reflection that his relation to the femur, or to organic

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 nature generally was flOW threefold: it wa.~ lyrical, it was medical, it was technological; and all of these, he felt, were one in being human, they were variations of one and the same pr~ing human concern, they were schools of humanistic thought.
But with all this the achievements of the protoplasm remained unaccountable: it seemed forbidden to life that it should under- stand itself. Most of the bio-chemical processes were not only unknown, it lay in their very nature that they should escape at- tention. Almost nothing was known of the structure or composi- tion of the living unit called the ., cell." What use was there in ~tablishing, the compon~nts of lifel,ess muscle, when the living dId not let Itself be chemIcally examined? The changes that took place when the rigor mortis set in were enough to make worthless all investigation. Nobody understood meraboIism, nobody under- stood the true inwardness of the functioning of the nervous sys- tem. To what propenies did the taste corpuscles owe their reaction? In what consisted the various kinds of excitation of cer- tain sensory nerves by odour-possessing substances? In what, in- deed, the l'ropeny of smell itself? The specific odours of man and beast consIsted in the vaporization of cenain unknown substances. The composition of the secretion called sweat was little under- stood. The glands that secreted it produced aromata which among mammals undoubtedly played an imponant role, but whose sig- nificance for the human species we were not in a position to ex- plain. The physiological significance of imponant regions of the body was shrouded in darkness. No need to mention the vermi- form appendix, which was a mystery; in rabbits it was regularly found full of a pulpy substance, of which ther~ was nothing to say as to how it got in or renewed itself. But what about the white and grey substance which composed the medulla, what of the optic thalamus and the grey inlay of the pons VIITolii? The sub- stance composing the brain and marrow was so subject to dis- integration, there was no hope whatever of determining its struc- ture. What was it relieved tfie conex of activity during slumber? What prevented the stomach from digesting itself - as sometimes, in fact, did happen after death? One might answer, life: a special power of resistance of the living protoplasm; but this would be not to recognize the mystical character of such an explanation. The theory of such an everyday phenomenon as fever was full of contradictions. Heightened oxIdization resulted in increased wam1th, but why was there not an increased expenditure of warnlth to correspond? Did the paralysis of the sweat-secretions depend upon contraction of the skin? But such contraction took

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- place only in the case of " chills and fever," for otherwise, in fever, the skin was more likely to be hot. Prickly heat indicated the centnl nervous system as the seat of the causes of heightened catabolism as well as the source of that condition of the skin which we were content to call abnormal, because we did not know how to define it.
But what was all this ignorance, compared with our utter hd~ lessness in the presence of such a phenomenon as memory, or of that other more prolonged and astounding memory which we called the inheritance of acquired characteristics? Out of the question to get even a glimpse of any mechanical possibility of explication of such performances on the part of the cell-substance. The spermatozoon that conveyed to the egg countless complicated individual and racial characteristics of the father was visible only through a microscope; even the most powerful magnification was not enough to show it as other than a homogeneous body, or to determine its origin; it looked the same in one animal as in another. These faCtOrs forced one to the assumption that the cell was in the same case as with the higher form it went to build up: that it too was already a higher foMl, composed in its turn by the division of living bodies, individual living units. Thus one passed from the supposed smallest unit to a still smaller one; one was driven to separate the elementary into its elements. No doubt at all but just as the animal kingdom was composed of various species of animals, as the human-animal organism was composed of a whole animal kingdom of cell species, so the cell organism was composed of a new and varied animal kingdom of elementary units, far below microscopic size, which grew spontaneously, increased spontaneously according to the law that each could bring forth only after its kind, and, acting on the principle of a division of labour, served together the next higher order of existence.
Those were the genes, the living germs, bioblasts, biophores -lying there in the frosty night, Hans Castorp rejoiced to make acquaintance with them by name. Yet how, he asked himself ex- citedly, even after more light on the subject was forthcoming. how could their elementary nature be established? I! they were living. they must be organic. since life depended upon organiza- tion. But if they were organized, then they could not be ele- mentary. since an organism is not single but multiple. They were units within the organic unit of the cell they built up. But if they were, then, however impossibly small they were. they must them- selves be built up. organically built up. as a law of their existence; for the conception of a living unit meant by definition dlat it was
 
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 Ibuilt up out of smalJer units which were subordinate; that is, o~nized wit~ ref~rence to ,a higher fonn.. As lor:ag as di~is!on i YIelded organIc UnIts possessing the propertIes of life - asslmila- i tion and reproduction - no limits were set to it. As long as one i spoke of living units, one could not correctly speak of elementary I
units, for the concept of unity carried with it in perpetuity the I
concept of subordinated, upbuilding unity; and there was no such thing as elementary life, in the sense of something that was already life, and yet elementary.
And still, though without logical existence, something of the ki~d ~ust be even~ually the cas~; ~or it was no,t possible. to bnt;5h i
asIde lIke that the Idea of the orIginal procreation, the rIse of lIfe ;
out of what was not life, That gap which in exteriiJr nature we \
vainly sought to close, that betWeen living and dead matter, had ~
its counterpart in nature's organic existence, and must somehow t either be closed up or bridged over. Soon or late, division must yield .. units " which, even though in composition, were not organ- ized, and which mediated betWeen life and absence of life; molec- ular groups, which represented the transition betWeen vitalized organization and mere chemistry. But then, arrived at the mole- cule, one stood on the brink of another abyss, which yawned yet more mysteriously than that betWeen organic and inorganic na- ture: the gulf betWeen the material and the immaterial. For the 11 molecule was co~posed of atoms, and the atom was nowhere near ~ large enough eveh to be spoken of as extraordinarily small. It was !
so small, such a tiny, early, transitional mass, a coagulation of the ~ unsubstantial, of the not-yet-substantial and yet substance-like, of ~
energy, that it was scarcely possible yet - or, if it had been, was ~
now no longer possible - to think of it as material, but rather as mean and border-line betWeen material and immaterial. The prob- lem of another original procreation arose, far more wild 9.nd mys- terious than the organic: the primeval birth of matter out of the immaterial. In fact the abyss betWeen material and. immaterial yawned as widely, pressed as importunately - yes, more impor-
tunately - to be closed, as that betWeen organic and inorganic -
nature. There must be a chemistry of the immaterial, there must be combinations of the insubstantial, out of which sprang the material - the atoms might represent protozoa of material, by their nature substance and still not yet 9ulte substance. Yet arrived at the .. not even small," the measure slipped out of the hands; for .. not even small " meant much the same as .. enonnously large "; and the step to the atom provecl: to be without exaggeration portentous in the highest degree. For at the very moment when one had ~d at

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~~--- , a the final division of matter. when one had divided it into the im- possibly small, at that moment there suddenly appeared upon the horizon the astronomical cosmos!
The atom was a cosmic system, laden with energy; in which heavenly bodies rioted rotating about a centre like a sun; through whose ethereal space comets drove with the speed of light years. kept in their eccentric orbits by the power of the central body. And that was as little a mere comparison as it would be were one to call the body of any multiple-celled organism a .. cell state." The city, the state, the social community regulated according to the principle of division of labour, not only might be compared to organic life, it actually reproduced its conditions. Thus in the in- most reces..,es of nature, as in an endless succession of mirrors. was reflected the macrocosm of the heavens, whose clusters, throngs. groups. and figures, paled by the brilliant moon, hung over the dawing, frost-bound valley, above the head of our muffled adept. Was it too bold a thought that among the planets of the atomic solar system - those myriads and milky ways of solar systems which constituted matter - one or other of these inner-worldly heavenly bodies might find itself in a condition corresponding to that which made it possible for our earth to become the abode of life? For a young man already rather befuddled inwardly. suffering from abnormal skin-conditions. who was not without all and any experience in the realm of the illicit, it was a specularion which, far from being absurd, appeared so obvious as to leap to the eyes, highly evident, and bearing the stamp of logical trutn. The " small- ness ,. of these inner-worldly heavenly bodies would have been an objection irrelevant to the hypothesis; since the conception of large or small had ceased to be pertInent at tlle moment when the cosmic character of the "smallest" particle of matter had been revealed; while at the same time, the conceptions of " outside " and " inside ., had also been shaken. The atom-world was an " outside." as, very probably, the earthly star on which we dwelt was, organically re- garded, deeply" inside." Had not a researcher once, audaciously fanciful, referred to the" beasts of the Milky Way," cosmic mon- sters whose flesh, bone, and brain were built up out of solar sys- tems? But in that case, Hans Castorp mused, then in the moment when one thought to have come to toe end, it all began over again from the beginning! For then, in the very innermOst of his nature, and in the inmost of that innermost, perhaps there was just himself, just Hans Castorp, again and a hundred tImes Hans Castorp, with burning face and stiffening fingers, lying muffled on a balcony,
with a view across the moonlit, frost-nighted high valley. and prob- i-;: "'-

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ing, with an interest both humanistic and medical, into the life of the body!
He held a volume of pathological anatomy in the red ray from his table-lamp, and conned its text and numerous reproductions. He read of the existcnce of parasitic cell-juncture and of infec- tious tumours. These were forms of tissue - and very luxuriant forms too - produced by foreign cell-bodies in an organism which had proved receptive to them, and in some way or other - one must probably say perversely - had offered them {>eculiarly fa- vourable conditions.lt was not so much that the parasite took away nourishment from the surrounding tissues, as that, in the process of building up and breaking down which went on in it as in every other cell, it produced organic combinations which were eXtraor- dinarily toxic - undeniably destructive - to the cells where it had been entenained. They had found out how to i~olate the toxin from a number of micro-organisms and produce it in concentrated form; and it was amazing to see what small doses of this substance, which simply belonged to a group of protein combinations, could, when introduced into the circulation of an animal, produce symptoms of acute poisoning and rapid degeneration. The outward sign of this inward decay was a growth of tissue, the pathological tumour, which was the reaction of the cells to the stimulus of the foreign bacilli. Tubercles devcloped, the size of a millet-seed, composed of cells resembling mucous membrane, among or within which the bacilli lodged; some of these were extraordinarily rich in proto- plasm, very large, and full of nuclei. However, all this good living soon led to ruin; for the nuclei of these monster cells began to break down, the protoplasm they contained to be destroyed by coagulation, and further areas of tissue to be involved. They were attacked by inflammation, the neighbouring blood-vessels suffered by contagion. White blood-corpuscles were attracted to the seat of the evil; the breaking-down proceeded apace; and meanwhile the soluble toxins released by the bacteria half already poisoned the nerve-centres, the entire organization was in a state of high fever, and staggered - so to speak with heaving bosom - toward dissolu- tion.
Thus far pathology, the theory of disease, the accentuation of the physical through pain; yet, in so far as it was the accentuation of the physical, at the same time accentuation through desire. Dis- ease was a perverse, a dissolute form of life. And life? Life itself? Was it perhaps only an infeCtion, a sickening of matter? Was that which one might call the original procreation of matter only a disease, a growth produced by morbid stimulation of the imma-  

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 terial? The first step toward evil, toward desire and death, W8 taken precisely then, when there took place that first incr~ in the density of the spiritual, that pathologically luxuriant morbid groWth, produced by the irritant of some unknown infiltration; this, in part pleasurable, in part a motion of self-defence, was d1C primeval stage of matter, the transition from the insubstantial to the substance. This was the Fall. The second creation. the birth of the organic out of the inorganic, was only another fatal stage in d1C progress of the corporeal toward consciousness, just as disease 10 the organism was an intoxication. a heightening and unlicensed accentuation of its physical state; and life, life was nothing but d1C next step on the reckless path of the spirit dishonourcd; nothing but the automatic blush of matte!' roused to sensation and become receptive for that which awaked it.
The books lay piled upon the table, one lay on the matting next his chair; that whIch he had latest read rested upon Hans Castorp's stomach and oppressed his breath; yet no order went from the conex to the muscles in charge to take it away. He had read down the page, his chin had sunk upon his chest, over his innocent bl. eyes the lids had fallen. He beheld the image of life in flower, itS structure, its flesh-borne loveliness. She had lifted her hands from behind her head, she opened her arms. On their inner side, 'f'8!- ticularly beneath the tender skin of the elbow-points, he saw die blue branchings of the larger veins. These arms were of unspeak- able sweetness. She leantd above him, she inclined unto him and bent down over him, he was conscious of her organic fragrance and the mild pulsation of her heart. Something warm and tender clasped him round the neck; melted with desire and awe, he laid his hands upon the flesh of her upper anns, where the fine-grained skin over
the trice~ came to his sense so heavenly cool; and upon his li.- .- he felt the moist clinging of her kiss. - I


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Chapter Fourteen

The Number 10 8 0


"On the south wall of St Mary's Chapel, Glastonbury, the words Jesu Maria are carved into the stone. If these words are written in Greek,.." "...their value is 1080. In the crypt beneath the chapel there is an ancient well. There is also a well in the pre - historic buried chamber on which Chartres Cathedral is built, and the same feature is commonly found at other sites of sanctity.
The area of the Stonehenge sarsen circle with diameter 100.8 feet is 1080 square megalithic yards. Guy Underwood, the dowser, in his The Pattern of the Past shows plans of the remarkable pattern of underground water lines he detected below Stonehenge. He found that the site was an important centre of convergence for under-ground streams and fault lines from the surrounding area, and he located a powerful buried spring near the centre. Other dowsers who have investigated the site of Stonehenge are in general aggree-ment with Underwood's conclusions.
Mr B Smithett, Secretary of the Socxiety of Dowsers, writes that many practising dowsers, members of the Society and others, report the presence of underground water below old churches and other sacred sites. In fact, it is now believed by dowsers that not only churches, but all prehistoric stone circles, standing stones, chambered mounds and dolmens are placed above buried springs or at the junction of underground streams, and that their sites may have been determined by these considerations. Over the years a number of articles on this subject have appeared in the Society's Journal, and research among the records of local antiquarian societies reveal several others, the results in all cases being independently obtained. For example, in the 1933 Transactions of the Woolhope Club of Hereford an article by Mr Walter Pritchard describes how he watched a dowser trace the passage of a stream beneath Arthur's

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Stone, a dolmen at Dorstone, Hereford; he later investigated the megalithic Four Stones near Old Radnor, finding it to mark the intersection of two buried water courses. Underwood's observation, which has been confirmed by others, is that the current associated with sacred and megalithic sites reverses the direction of its flow in accordance with a monthly lunar cycle.
Here, the Zed Aliz Zed, had the scribe darken the door of an emphasize
.
"...t
hat the current associated with sacred and megalithic sites reverses the direction of its flow in accordance with a monthly lunar cycle."
"These results are obtained in many cases by professional men, engaged by local councils and building contractors to locate under-ground faults, lost waterpipes, drains, etc., who have developed a justifiable confidence in their own accuracy. On the subject of the connection between ancient sites and underground water they are in general agreement. Some important principle of ancient science and civilization is involved here, of which virtually nothing is now known. The solution of the mystery lies in the complete understanding of all the correspondences of the number 1080 and of the others that re-late to it, for they illuminate an aspect of reality which, for the lack of an adequate language, has for too long been allowed to remain beyond the comprehension of science.
In Revelation and in the apocalyptic works of the Old Testament particular emphasis is placed on the waters that flow beneath the holy city or temple. They play an active part both in the destruction of the old city and in the creation of the new. Wherever there is a legend of the Temple, it is said that the waters of the world spring from beneath it. Old maps show the four rivers of paradise as a cross within a circle with the holy city at the centre. Jung finds the arche-type of the New Jerusalem expressed in the cloister with a fountain at the centre. The formal gardens of Persia, which are laid out as figures of cosmic geometry, always surround a central spring of water. In a dry country this water is conveyed with great labour and in-genuity in culverts, often several miles in length from the lower slopes of the hillls. All known ancient cosmic temples, at Jerusalem, Hieropolis, Cnossos and elsewhere are found to have been built over extensive labyrinths of chambers and watercourses. F. Bligh Bond discovered a curious system of tunnels and culverts below Glaston-bury Abbey. Plato's Atlantis, which is a cosmic model, Carthage and other cities were arranged in concentric rings of land and water-ways. In Egypt, Babylon and China elaborate systems of canals were constructed on a geometrical pattern, particularly in the areas surrounding the great temples. The carefully contrived balance between areas of land and water was reflected in the pattern of waterpipes beneath the temple itself. The monks of Glastonbury made and maintained a wonderful canal system alongside the prehistoric

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causeways of the country around the abbey, and these waterways have a mystical association with King Arthur's legend.
In the third chapter of Man and Temple Dr Patai gives an exellent account of the legends and rituals referring to the waters beneath the Temple of Jerusalem and at other cosmic centres. They were conceived as the female partner in the annually celebrated marriage between the waters of the earth and of the heavens. When fertilised, they conveyed benefits to all the world.
Quite a number of legends tell in an interesting variety of versions about this subterranean network of irrigation canals that issue from underneath the Temple and bring to each country its proper power to grow its particular assortment of fruits. If a tree were planted in the Temple over a spot whence the water-vein issued forth to a certain country, it would grow fruit peculiar to that country; this was known to King Solomon, who accordingly planted in the Temple specimens of fruit trees of the whole earth.
The waters that issued forth from the Temple had the wonderful property of bestowing fertility and health. Legends have it that as in days of old so again in the days of the Messiah "all the waters of creation" will again spring up from under the threshold of the Temple, will increase and grow mighty as they pour forth all over the land.'
The stone at the centre of the earth in the Temple of Jerusalem was supposed to press down the surging waters of the earth, and the Altar stone at Stonhenge, which could at one time have stood erect, may have had a similar function. The waters beneath the Temple were not mythical, nor are the stories of the advantages to be gained from their proper union with the cosmic element in any way exagerated. These legends are poetically true, they have a deep philosophical and psychological meaning and they recall a vanished world order founded on cosmic principles. But more than that, they record a former system of natural science, practised by men who understood the earth as a living creature, the mother of all her inhabitants, not only in a poetic sense but literally as a fact of nature. The prosperity of all life on the planet was considered to be a reflection of the earths own state of health and morale, which was naturally of the greatest concern to men, the intelligent parasites. According to the philosophy on which the forgotten science of antiquity is based, the earth must be regarded as an essentially female organism, being particu-larly susceptible to the influence of the moon, and craving seasonal intercourse with the fertilising solar shaft.
Every year therefore, the earth was made the bride of the heavens, the terrestrial flow was animated by the radiant power of the sun,

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all the correspondences of 1080 were brought together with those of 666; the opposites were united in the Temple as in Noah's Ark. At Jerusalem the great ceremony of the year, attended by vast, excited crowds, took place at the start of the rainy season, and was intended by vast, to promote the union between the upper and the lower waters. But its purpose was not simply to invoke the fertilising autumn rains, for the marriage of the elewments prompted a similar desire among the congregation at the Temple, which spread along the chain of magical correspondences, infecting all nature with the urge for union.
Evidently the Temple functioned as the generator and transmitter of a form of energy which was beneficial to the earth and all its in-habitants. This was not the belief of idiots or degenerate savages. To the Jews and to all the civilised people who possessed the institution of the Temple it was a self evident fact, which they percieved with their own eyes. A spirit was generated at the Temple; they saw the operation, felt its power and observed its effect in the increased fertility of the countryside. We may speak of sympathetic magic, mass delusion and invent other names for phenomena which we are not able to explain, but the fact is that the performances at the Temple led to the actual invocation of a spirit that provoked a physical reaction throughout nature.
The numbers with which we are dealing were once the instruments of elemental control. Their first and most essential reference is to the natural forces of the cosmos, to the spirits that are behind all manifestations of movement in wind and water, as well as in the less perceptible electro-magnetic currents of the earth and atmosphere, The earliest passage in the I Ching express the relationship between the principles in terms of cosmic forces. So it is in the oldest forms of myth and in the basic traditions of the cabala. The most ancient art, architecture, mythology is always more impersonal and funda-mental than that which came later . In the case of the I Ching, suc-cessive generations of scholars widened the interpretation of the symbols to provide canons of deportment and etiquette, their original elemental significance becoming obscure in the process.
The Temple was not merely a symbol of the cosmic order; it was an instrument designed to fuse the spirit of the sun, 666, with the soul of the earth, 1080. In the same way the waters and catcombs beneath the Temple were not intended simply to represent the water of inspiration as a monument to the sanctity of the spot, or for any other such picturesque purpose. They played a physical part in the process of fusion as the medium through which the current of fertility, raised in the Temple, was transmitted across the landscape.

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As the waters beneath the Temple nourish the earth, so the spiritual water of revelation rises within the human mind. These two aspects of fertility were formerly linked with the power of the moon and classified under the number 1080. But this number, like all others has its dark side. The spirit of the waters..." "...1007), known to the cabalists as the bride..." "...= 1006, is also the mother of a hideous, elemental brood, the atavistic gods of the underworld, represented by St John as the beast from the bottomless pit (1081). In Ezekiel 8, the prophet descends through a secret door into a chamber below the Temple of Jerusalem 'and behold every form of creeping things, and abominable beasts, and all the idols of the house of Israel, portrayed upon the wall round about'. He hears a voice, 'Son of man, hast thou seen what the ancients of the house of Israel do in the dark, every man in the chambers of his imagery? for they say, the Lord seeth us not.' Here the sinister cavern beneath the Temple represents the deep recesses of the mind, inhabited by the carefully nurtured monsters of individual fantasy. But the beast in the Cretan labyrinth was no less real than the crocodiles that inhabited the subterranean vaults of Egyptian temples. That these creatures are also natives of the imagination is proved by the rumour, endemic in New York, that the city's sewers are haunted by giant alligators, a notion which is poetically true of all drains and tunnels, if not physically so in this particular case.
Under the regime of the Temple poetic or psychological reality was reproduced on the physical plane in a series of magical correspondences which we now find scarcely conceivable, for we are yet infants in the study of the mind, impeded by the linear and materialistic habits of thought to which we have been con-ditioned. Within each man lies the hidden city, the ideal model of the cosmos, a standard of reference in every department of life, com-posed of all the numbers in creation. This is the city of Plato's Republic:
'But perhaps there is a pattern set up in the heavens for one who desires to see it and, having seen it to have found one in himself,' "
 The scribe here added the word herself.
 Hearuponin, Alizzed took a left right, back to front, momentary aside.