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Phoenician-Canaanite

Posted: 01 May 2018 12:45
by hope
The Phoenician alphabet developed from Proto-Canaanite alphabet during the 15th century BC. Before them the
Phoenicians wrote with a cuneiform script. The earliest known inscriptions in the Phoenician alphabet came from
Byblos and dates back to 1000 BC.

The Phoenician alpha was perhaps the first alphabet script to be widely used th Phoenicians traded around the
Mediterranean and beyond, and set up cities and colonies in parts of Southern Europe and North Africa - and the
origins of most alphabet writing systems can be traced back to the Phoenician alphabet, including Greek, Etruscan,
Latin, Arabic and Hewbrew, as well as the scripts of India and East Asia.

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Features
Type of writing system:abjad/ consonant alphabet with no vowel indication.
Direction of writing: right to left in horizontal lines, sometimes boustrophedon.
Number of letters: 22 - there was considerable variation in the forms in different regions and at different times.
The names of the latter's are acrophonic, and their names and shapes can be ultimately traced back to Egyptian Hieroglyphs. For example, the name of the first letter, 'aleph, means ox and developed from a picture of an ox's
head. Some of the latter names were changed by the Phoenicians, including gimmel, which meant camel in
Phoenician, but was originally a picture of a throwing stick (giml).